31ST ANNIVERSARY OF THE BEGINNING OF THE FIRST INTIFADA

The First Intifada began on December 8th 1987 as a spontaneous response to murderous violence by illegal Israeli settlers and brought the Palestinian cause back to the global consciousness. The First Intifada would be driven by the occupied people themselves, and especially by the children and youths; it was a revolutionary cry for freedom by those directly under the military boot of the occupier. At least 1268 Palestinians would be killed by Israel’s occupation forces’ and Israeli ‘civilians’ by the time the Oslo-era began in 1993 with its false promises of coming liberty, that would be betrayed by Israel’s regime and United States, the self-appointed ‘honest broker’. 161 members of Israel’s occupation forces, illegal Israeli settlers and civilians in Palestine 1948 would die also, with 53 of them civilians outside the occupied territories. Hundreds of Palestinian children and couple of dozen of Israeli children were killed, but as we have been unable to find exact numbers (B’Tselem, whose statistics we otherwise used here, gives only the deaths of those of age 16 and under) we can’t report the child casualties exactly.
(Source / 09.12.2018) 

On 37th Friday of Great March of Return and Breaking Siege, Israeli Forces Wound 72 Civilians, including 11 Children, 1 Woman and 2 Paramedics

08 DEC12:17 PM

On Friday evening, 07 December 2018, Israeli forces wounded 72 Palestinian civilians, including 11 children, 1 woman and 2 paramedics in the peaceful demonstrations in the eastern Gaza Strip despite the decreasing intensity of the demonstrations there for the sixth week consecutively and absence of most means usually used during the demonstrations since the beginning of the Return and Breaking the Siege March 7 months ago.

According to observations by PCHR’s fieldworkers, for the fifth week since the beginning of the Return March on 30 March 2018, the demonstrators abstained from burning tires while the attempts to cross the border fence and throw stones and incendiary balloons were completely absent.

Though the demonstrators were around tens of meters away from the border fence, the Israeli forces who stationed in sniper positions and military jeeps along the fence continued to use excessive force against the demonstrators by opening fire and firing teargas canisters at them, without the later posing any imminent threat or danger to the life of soldiers.

On 07 December 2018, the incidents were as follows:

At approximately 14:30, thousands of civilians, including women, children and entire families, started swarming to the five encampments established by the Supreme National Authority of Great March of Return and Breaking the Siege adjacent to the border fence with Israel in eastern Gaza Strip cities.  Hundreds, including children and women, approached the border fence with Israel in front of each encampment and gathered tens of meters away from the main border fence. Further, setting fire to tires and throwing stones, incendiary balloons and Molotov cocktails were almost absent. The demonstrators gathered in areas open to the Israeli snipers stationed on the top of the sand berms and military watchtowers and inside and behind the military jeeps. Despite the prevailing calmness, the Israeli forces fired live and rubber bullets in addition to hundreds of teargas canisters, particularly in eastern Jabalia, Gaza and al-Bureij refugee camp. The Israeli shooting, which continued at around 17:00, resulted in the injury of 72 Palestinian civilians, including 11 child, 1 woman and 2 paramedics. The injury of 3 civilians, including a child, was reported serious. In addition, hundreds suffered tear gas inhalation and seizures due to tear gas canisters that were fired by the Israeli forces from the military jeeps and riffles in the eastern Gaza Strip.

The following table shows the number of civilian victims due to the Israeli forces’ suppression of the Great March of Return since its beginning on 30 March:

NotesMedical CrewsJournalistsWomenChildrenTotalCasualties
Among those Killed, there were 6 Persons with Disabilities and a girl.32133175Killed
Among those wounded, 511 are in serious condition and 94 had their lower or upper limbs amputated; 82 lower-limb amputations, 2 upper-limb amputations, 10 finger amputations and 17 children had their limbs amputated according to the Ministry of Health.   The number of those wounded only include those wounded with live bullets and directly hit with tear gas canisters as there have been thousand others who suffered tear gas inhalation and sustained bruises.15012027917429733Wounded

PCHR emphasizes that continuously targeting civilians, who exercise their right to peaceful assembly or while carrying out their humanitarian duty, is a serious violation of the rules of international law, international humanitarian law, the ICC Rome Statute and Fourth Geneva Convention. Thus, PCHR calls upon the ICC Prosecutor to open an official investigation in these crimes and to prosecute and hold accountable all those applying or involved in issuing orders within the Israeli Forces at the security and political echelons.

PCHR hereby condemns the excessive use of force and commission of crimes by the Israeli forces despite the prevailed calmness, believing it is as a result of Israel’s enjoying impunity thanks to the U.S. and so encouraging the Israeli forces to commit further crimes upon an official decision by the highest military and political echelons.

PCHR also reiterates its call upon the High Contracting Parties to the 1949 Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their obligations under Article 1; i.e., to respect and ensure respect for the Convention in all circumstances and their obligations under Article 146 to prosecute persons alleged to commit grave breaches of the Fourth Geneva Convention.

PCHR calls upon Switzerland, in its capacity as the Depository State for the Convention, to demand the High Contracting Parties to convene a meeting and ensure Israel’s respect for this Convention, noting that these grave breaches constitute war crimes under Article 147 of the same Convention and Protocol (I) Additional to the Geneva Conventions regarding the guarantee of Palestinian civilians’ right to protection in the occupied territories.

(Source / 09.12.2018) 

Insidious Colonial Strategy

08 DEC10:53 PM

12/07/18 International Solidarity Movement

In the area of Salfit, harassment by settlers is a regular occurrence. They come to the villages, often late at night, to graffiti messages of hatred, and also vandalize cars and property. New settlements are being established frequently and are rapidly expanding.

Farris is a university teacher living in the village of Kufr al-Dik.  He drove us to his land of Deir Samaan, a beautiful olive grove with panoramic views, and a complex of Roman ruins at it’s heart. It’s only a stone’s throw from his village, but we had to drive 15 minutes extra, as the occupation’s gate to the village’s main entrance has been closed for three weeks. This is a common practice of collective punishment inflicted by the army. Farris and the rest of the village were perplexed as to why they were being “punished” just now.

Up until now, it’s still possible to access Farris’ land, but one must pass the brand new constructions of Leshem, and an array of JCBs and cranes.  Leshem appeared in 2010, and now hugs the west edge of Deir Saaman.  It is the newest of many illegal settlements that now surround him.  This year a further 1200 units were added.

Leshem, 1200 units built this year

“Leshem means Holy Rock in Hebrew.  I think they used this name because I have a Roman castle on my land.  They used bombs, a lot of bulldozers, and a lot of time to build Leshem.  Construction has been constant since 2010 until now, and I suffer for this.  There is a lot of dust because of this, so during the olive harvest I cannot collect the olives until the rain comes.”

Alei Zahhav intrusively overlooking the ruins of Farris’ land

Alei Zahhav, a settlement on the East side of Farris’ property, was established in 1983.  It has now joined up with Leshem to the North, creating a large crescent of houses that have eaten into his land.  “On the other side of the settlement, I have another piece of land with 300 olive trees.  Now, because of the new constructions, I cannot come to my land because the road was closed.  I need to go around the whole valley, and then more than 3km off road, through the valley, which is very bad for the car.  So a lot of time is wasted and I have to get a tractor which is expensive.”

Alei Zahhav pinching the border of Farris’ land

He tells us that another huge impact from the Alei Zahhav settlement is the emptying of its sewage directly into the fields, which runs down the valley into his land.  “Aside from being disgusting and affecting the trees, it is attracting many wild boars which are destroying everything I plant.”

In the midst of the interview a Settler nonchalantly strolled through the middle of Farris’ private property.  Farris tells us that many of the ornately carved Roman stones have been destroyed by settlers. They often enter, vandalize the ruin, and also swim in his well occasionally.

The crescent has now expanded around to the South side of the property, with a new double fence, only a few weeks old, completely surrounding him. He was recently notified that he’ll soon be locked out from his olive trees and will have to obtain permission from the Israeli military to pass through. Based on previous cases, it’s likely he’ll only get permission for a few days a year to harvest olives.

“I opened a new agricultural road to come to my land because they destroyed the previous one. Now they’ve constructed a fence, which means that I will need a permit to come to my land. I have here 170 olive trees, and I recently planted 200 trees of other kinds. The restrictions mean these will be destroyed.”

Double fence recently installed

“Israel is annexing everything from the green line to the Jordan Valley. That is a big finger which cuts across the middle of the West Bank” he explains.

It’s clear that the settlements are being strategically planned and positioned.

Another settlement, Shalem to the south

“If you go to the high mountain and look around, to the West you will see Kafr Qasim, that’s the green line. From there the Israelis put settlements as a finger in the middle of the West Bank. All the mountains in that line have settlements on top, and they’re near to each other. If there is an Israeli city in the middle of the west bank there is no state of Palestine.”

The progression of annexation and dividing of the West bank

There are now 24 settlements in the Salfit area and only 18 Palestinian villages. Ariel, at the top of the valley from Farris’ land, with a population of around 20,000 is one of the largest settlements in the West Bank. “They want to make Ariel a city, all the settlements you can see refer to Ariel”.

Just bellow Ariel is a huge Israeli industrial area called Barkan. Palestinians have suffocating restrictions on what they can build. For example, they are prohibited from building industrial facilities. Whereas Israel has managed to flaunt International laws, and even Israeli laws, to establish these massive industrial zones, thus giving Israel evermore control over the region, and the Palestinian natives.

Barkan employs many Palestinians. At a time when unemployment is very high in the West Bank, the Palestinians take the work out of necessity, receiving much lower wages than their Israeli colleagues. Working for your illegal occupier is beyond humiliating, and gives rise to intense frustration. It’s not surprising that this forces people over the edge at times.

For land owners there is not always a choice. The accumulated obstructions and violent interventions take away the capacity to earn a living, forcing younger generations into accepting the low wages at Barkan. Traditional ways of village life are eroded, land is left untended, and therefore open to settler land-grabbing, as per Israeli law, and against international law. The objective is obvious, frustrate the occupants into leaving, or act out so as to be thrown into prison or worse, leaving the land empty.

Sewage and waste from all settlements, and the Barkan industrial complex, is emptied on to the fields of Palestinian farmers. This is causing a big loss of income, there are also significant cancer clusters within the villages of the valley below.

“I hope the Israeli people change their government because their government are terrorists to the Palestinian people. They don’t want peace, they lie all the time saying they do want peace, they lie about everything. They lie just to make the people keep wanting them. If the government wanted peace it would take ten minutes to do, we can start with 1967, but the Israeli government wants to take all of the land.”

(Source / 09.12.2018) 

Former Israeli PM Ordered Targeting of Densely Populated Areas in 2008

08 DEC11:40 PM

Former Israeli Prime Minister and Defense Minister Ehud Barak ordered the targeting of densely populated areas, in the 2008 war on Gaza.

The revelation was made yesterday by Israeli newspaper “Maariv”, which reported that Barak had been frustrated with his failure to stop the firing of primitive Qassam rockets, from the besieged Gaza Strip.

In response, he ordered any location from which the rockets were fired to be hit with 155mm artillery shells, regardless of the population density and the destructive consequences of the proposed shelling.

However, according to Days of Palestine, Barak’s order was denied by then Chief Military Advocate General Avichai Mandelblit, who told the prime minister: “The order you want to be approved by the chief of staff is illegal”.

Mandelblit – who is now Israel’s Attorney General – stressed that Barak would be “defined as a war criminal” and could be “convicted by the International Court of Justice at The Hague,” if he went through with the order.

Mandelblit suggested that, though rockets could be fired from densely populated areas, this does not justify turning the civilian area into a military target.

He argued: “The proportionality of the response must be examined in light of the danger posed by the source of the shooting, and it would be inconceivable to kill 100 civilians in a hospital in order to destroy one rocket launcher.”

In addition, Mandelblit said that it was necessary to “respond with weapons with high precision when it comes to a specific target, rather than responding with a shell which causes shrapnel to scatter in a very wide area,” stressing it was “very doubtful” that artillery shells would hit the target.

When Mandelblit rejected the order, Barak met with him and then Chief of Staff Gabi Ashkenazi. Barak claimed that Mandelblit was not the army commander, but rather that Ashkenazi was, and so he should carry out the order as instructed.

However, Ashkenazi replied: “You are right, Avichai [Mandelblit] is not the commander of the army and I am the commander, but I am telling you that this order will not be implemented […] I am not willing to carry out such an order which is illegal and immoral.”

Opinion/Analysis 12/02/18 Dr. Saeb Erekat: “Trump administration is trying to divide Palestinians.”

(Source / 09.12.2018) 

Soldiers Invade The Home Of Jerusalem Governor

09 DEC2:57 PM

Israeli soldiers invaded, Sunday, the home of Jerusalem Governor Adnan Gheith, in Silwan town, south of the al-Aqsa Mosque, in occupied East Jerusalem, and took measurements of the property.

Dozens of soldiers surrounded the Governor’s home, before breaking into it using excessive force, and conducted provocative acts against the family.

The soldiers then took measurements of the property, a move which is usually followed by a demolition order, but did not hand him any order.

It is worth mentioning that Gheith was placed under house arrest,an order which expired Saturday, and was frequently abducted and detained by the army, in an attempt to prevent him from performing his duties.

The ongoing arrests and violations are part of Israel’s measures aimed at preventing the Palestinian Authority, and various institutions, including the UNRWA,its facilities and clinics,from providing services in East Jerusalem, including its surrounding communities.

Krähenbühl Applauds International Contributions to UNRWA

(Source / 09.12.2018) 

Israel arrests 5,600 Palestinians in year since Trump’s Jerusalem decision

Israeli occupation forces arrest a Palestinian protester on 9 December 2017 in Jerusalem who stood in opposition of US President Donald Trump's decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel's capital . [Salih Zeki Fazlıoğlu/Anadolu Agency]

Israeli occupation forces arrest a Palestinian protester on 9 December 2017 in Jerusalem who stood in opposition of US President Donald Trump’s decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital

Israeli occupation authorities have arrested more than 5,600 Palestinians since 6 December 2017, when US President Donald Trump announced his administration’s recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

The Palestinian Prisoners’ Club said that the majority of the arrests took place in the first following  Trump’s announcement as Palestinians protested across occupied East Jerusalem, the West Bank and besieged Gaza Strip.

During its 50 years of military occupation of the West Bank – including East Jerusalem – and the Gaza Strip, Israel has detained approximately 800,000 Palestinians; including women and children.

Trump’s administration has been repeatedly targeted Palestinians since it came to power in 2017. Earlier this year it decided to end its funding of the UN organisation setup to support Palestinian refugees, close the PLO Office in Washington, and has repeated tried to pass resolutions which condemn the Palestinian resistance at the UN level, most recently yesterday when its draft resolution failed to receive he necessary backing.

READ: A year after his Jerusalem bombshell, Trump continues to strangle the Palestinians

50 years on, tens of thousands of Palestinians detained for political protest | #PalPrisoners

READ: https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20170827-50-years-on-ten…/

MEMO #Infographic by QUAD Business House

(Source / 07.12.2018) 

Israel court approves punitive demolition of Palestinian house in Tulkarm

23-year-old Palestinian Ashraf Na’alowa went on the run more than two months ago after being accused of killing two Israeli settlers on 6 October at his workplace in the illegal Barkan settlement [AlRai]

23-year-old Palestinian Ashraf Na’alowa went on the run more than two months ago after being accused of killing two Israeli settlers on 6 October at his workplace in the illegal Barkan settlement

Israel Supreme Court yesterday rejected an appeal by a Palestinian family whose house is threatened with demolition in the occupied West Bank city of Tulkarm, Yedioth Ahronothreported.

Twenty-three-year-old Palestinian Ashraf Na’alowa went on the run more than two months ago after being accused of killing two Israeli settlers on 6 October at his workplace in the illegal Barkan settlement, which is built on land belonging to the Palestinian town of Salfit. His family have lived with the threat of demolition since.

Occupation authorities have tried to pressure Na’alowa to surrender by arresting his family members. His parents and brother are still in Israeli detention with his father charged with “failing to prevent the incident”.

READ: Israel’s Supreme Court approves pre-conviction punitive house demolition

The family home has also been threatened with demolition as a punitive measure which rights groups have repeatedly denounced as collective punishment. Collective penalties are prohibited under international law. According to Israeli human rights NGO B’Tselem, since 2015, Israeli punitively demolished 44 Palestinian houses resulting in the displacement of 260 Palestinians.

(Source / 07.12.2018) 

Israeli forces injure 33 Palestinian protesters

A Palestinian reacts during a protest within the "Great March of Return" demonstrations in Shuja'iyya neighborhood of Gaza City, Gaza on December 07, 2018. ( Ali Jadallah - Anadolu Agency )
A Palestinian is being carried away after being injured by Israeli forces during a protest within the "Great March of Return" demonstrations in Shuja'iyya neighborhood of Gaza City, Gaza on December 07, 2018. ( Ali Jadallah - Anadolu Agency )
A Palestinian is being carried away after being injured by Israeli forces during a protest within the "Great March of Return" demonstrations in Shuja'iyya neighborhood of Gaza City, Gaza on December 07, 2018. ( Ali Jadallah - Anadolu Agency )
A Palestinian is being carried away after being injured by Israeli forces during a protest within the "Great March of Return" demonstrations in Shuja'iyya neighborhood of Gaza City, Gaza on December 07, 2018. ( Ali Jadallah - Anadolu Agency )
A Palestinian is being carried away after being injured by Israeli forces during a protest within the "Great March of Return" demonstrations in Shuja'iyya neighborhood of Gaza City, Gaza on December 07, 2018. ( Ali Jadallah - Anadolu Agency )
A Palestinian reacts during a protest within the "Great March of Return" demonstrations in Shuja'iyya neighborhood of Gaza City, Gaza on December 07, 2018. ( Ali Jadallah - Anadolu Agency )
A Palestinian is being carried away after being injured by Israeli forces during a protest within the "Great March of Return" demonstrations in Shuja'iyya neighborhood of Gaza City, Gaza on December 07, 2018. ( Ali Jadallah - Anadolu Agency )

At least 33 Palestinian protesters were injured on Friday by Israeli army gunfire near the Gaza-Israel border, according to Gaza’s Health Ministry, Anadolu Agency reports.

In a statement, the ministry said that the 33 Palestinians had been wounded by live ammunition.

Since Palestinians began holding regular rallies along the border on March 30, more than 200 protesters have been martyred and thousands more injured.

Demonstrators demand the right to return to their homes and villages in historical Palestine from which they were driven in 1948 to make way for the new state of Israel.

They also demand an end to Israel’s 12-year blockade of the Gaza Strip, which has gutted the coastal enclave’s economy and deprived its roughly two million inhabitants of many basic commodities.

READ: The world condemns Israel 

(Source / 07.12.2018) 

Israeli Soldiers Raid a Print Shop in Ramallah City

07 DEC1:10 AM

During an early morning raid into Ramallah City, Israeli soldiers invaded, Thursday, a print shop and confiscated the equipment, sparking locals to resist.

Eyewitnesses said that local Palestinian’s opposed the incursion, and hurled stones at the invading soldiers who fired rubber-coated steel bullets and tear-gas canisters at the civilians.

Fawwaz Barghouthi, head of the Deir Abu Mashal village council told Maan News Agency that a crane, escorted by Israeli forces, installed an iron gate at the main entrance of the village in the northern Ramallah District.

The iron gate now blocks the road to Ramallah city for the people living in the village of Deir Abu Mashal.

(Source / 07.12.2018) 

PCHR Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (29 November – 05 December 2018)

07 DEC4:36 AM

Israeli forces continued with systematic crimes, in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), for the week of 29 November – 05 December, 2018.

On the International Day for Persons with Disabilities: Israeli forces killed a Palestinian civilian with a disability in Tulkarem.
5 civilians were wounded in the West Bank. Israeli forces continued to use excessive force against unarmed civilians and peaceful protestors in the Gaza Strip. 98 civilians, including 28 children, 4 women, 2 journalists, and a female paramedic, were wounded; the injuries of four were reported as serious.

Shooting:

In the Gaza Strip, the Israeli forces continued to use lethal force against the participants in the peaceful protests organized along the Gaza Strip borders, which witnessed the peaceful protests for the 35th week along the eastern and northern border area of the Gaza Strip.  They also continued to use armed force as well during the incursions into the West Bank.  In the West Bank, the Israeli forces on the international Day of Persons with Disabilities killed a Palestinian civilian with a disability in Tulkarm and wounded 5 others.  In the Gaza Strip, the Israeli forces wounded 98 civilians, including 28 children, 4 women, 2 journalists, and a female paramedic.  The injury of four of those wounded was reported serious.

In the West Bank, in a new crime of lethal armed force against Palestinian civilians, Israeli forces killed on 04 December 2018, Mohammed Habali (22) in Tulkarm.  He was killed when the Israeli forces moved into the city as part of its operation to search for the Wanted Ashraf Na’alwah and opened fire at a group of young men who were in front of al-Malek coffee shop in the Western neighborhood of the city.  The Information Office of the Minitsry of Health said that the abovementioned was wounded with explosive bullet shrapnel to the head (entered but did not exit); as a result, he immediately died.  His brother, ‘Alaa’, said that his brother suffers from a mental disability and motor impairment.  It should be mentioned that the above-mentioned civilian was killed on the International Day of Persons with Disabilities.

In the same context, the Israeli forces during the reporting wounded 5 civilians in separate shooting incidents.

In the Gaza Strip, as part of using excessive force against the peaceful protesters along the Gaza Strip borders, during the reporting period, Israeli forces wounded 98 civilians, including 28 children, 4 women, 2 journalists, and a female paramedic.  The injury of four of those wounded was reported serious.

GovernorateInjuries
TotalChildrenWomenJournalistsParamedicsCritical Injuries
Northern Gaza Strip62244113
Gaza City2100000
Central Gaza Strip1440100
Khan Younis000000
Rafah100001
Total98284214

As part of targeting the Palestinian fishermen in the sea, the Israeli forces continued to escalate their attacks against the Palestinian fishermen, indicating the on-going Israeli policy to target their livelihoods.  During the reporting period, PCHR documented 4 incidents against fishermen; 3 of them off the northern Gaza Strip shore, and one off the southern Gaza Strip shore.

As part of targeting the border areas on 29 November 2018, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of al-Shokah village, east of Rafah, opened fire at the Palestinian shepherds.

On 03 December 2018, Israeli soldiers stationed inside the watchtowers heavily opened fire at the bird hunters in the border area adjacent to the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, southeast of Beit Haoun in the northern Gaza Strip.

On 04 December 2018, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of Deir al-Balah, opened fire at a border control point belonging to the Palestinian armed groups.  On 05 December 2018, Israeli soldiers opened fire at the agricultural lands adjacent to the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah.  Though no casualties were reported in those incidents, the farmers, shepherds and bird hunters were forced to leave their areas, fearing for their lives.

Incursions:

During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 101 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank. During those incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 59 Palestinians, including 8 children, in the West Bank.  Moreover, 5 others were arrested in Jerusalem and its suburbs.

In the Gaza Strip, on 03 December 2018, Israeli forces moved into eastern al-Bureij in the central Gaza Strip around 100 meters.  They levelled the lands adjacent to the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, and 2 hours later redeployed along the border fence.

On 04 December 2018, Israeli forces moved 100 meters off the Memorial Statute, southeast of Beit Hanoun in the Gaza Strip.  On 05 December 2018, Israeli forces moved a similar distance off Site 16, northeast of the abovementioned village. In both incursions, they levelled and combed vacant lands there amidst sporadic shooting.  However, neither casualties nor damage to the area was reported.

Israeli Forces continued to create a Jewish Majority in occupied East Jerusalem:

As part of the Israeli house demolitions and notices, on 03 December 2018, Ahmed Siyam self-demolished a storehouse, car parking, and stairs near his house in ‘Ein al-Lozeh neighborhood in Silwan village, south of East occupied Jerusalem’s Old City, to implement the Israeli municipal decision under the pretext of building without a license.

On 04 December 2018, Israeli authorities demolished an under-construction house in al-Sal’ah neighborhood in al-Mukaber Mount village, south of occupied East Jerusalem, and belonging to the family of Na’im Abu Dweih.  The house which was built 2 months and a half ago is 150 square meters and the abovementioned civilian intended to move to it with his family of 12 members, mostly children.

On the same day, Israeli forces demolished a house and its surrounding fences in Wad al-Hummus neighborhood in Sour Baher village, south of occupied East Jerusalem. The 250-square-meter house belonged to Mohammed Hussein Abu Teir near the annexation wall.

In Beit Haninah, north of the city, the Israeli vehicles demolished 2 commercial facilities

built 2 years ago belonging to the families of Taha and Shqeirat.   The two families affected said that the Israeli forces confiscated the construction tools and equipment in the land in addition to demolishing barracks already built on it.  The Israeli authorities also forced Amin al-‘Abasi to self-demolish a parking owned by him in ‘Ein al-Lozeh in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem.

As part of the settlers’ attacks against the Palestinian civilians and their property, On 05 December 2018, the Israeli Magisterate’s Court issued a decision to evacuate a Jerusalemite building in Wad Hilweh, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City for the interest of “El’ad” Settlement association.  Wadi Hilweh Information Center said that The Magistrate Court issued a decision to evacuate the heirs of the late Mariam Abu Zweir and gave

the family until the beginning of March 2019 to implement the decision to evacuate the property.  The Center added that the property is a house where Ilham Siam and four of her children live in addition to a land ​​about 500 square meters.The center added that the Magistrate’s Court issued the eviction decision, preceded by a session appointed by the Supreme Court to consider the “ownership of the land.” The documents were submitted to court stating that the land on which the house is built belongs to the late Jamil Siam and not to the late Abu Zweir. The court session will be held on 08 January 2019.

Israeli Forces continued their settlement activities, and the settlers continued their attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property

As part of the Israeli house demolitions and demolition notices, on 03 December 2018, Israeli forces demolished 2 houses belonging to Ayman Sharaydeh and Hasan Zayed in Fasayel village, north fo Jericho under the pretext of building without a license, the first house is comprised of one room built of cement and roofed with tin plates on an area of 50 square meters, sheltering him and his wife with 4 children.  MEahwile, the second house is comprised of a room built of steel on an area of 20 square meters, sheltering him with his wife and 8 kids, including 4 children; one of whom suffers a physical disability.

On the same day, the Israeli forces dismantled a barrack built of steel and tin plates from the lands of Qasrah village on Street (505- al-Samerah ‘Aber), southeast of Nablus, and confiscated it.  The barrack belonged to Maqboulah ‘Othman from the nearby Majdal Bani Fadel village and was built on an area of 44 square meters for planting in a land of 70 dunums for reclaiming it.

On 04 December 2018, the Israeli forces demolished (4 barracks) built of fortified steel at the entrance to Haris village, northwest of SAlfit.  The barracks belonged to Fadi, Nadi, and Saleh Soliman and was used as an alminuim workshop, a carpentary workshop, dry clean, and a greenhouse.  Those barracks were on the main street connecting Haris and Bedia villages.

On 05 December 2018, Israeli forces dismantled Change13 School in al-Simiyah village, southwest of al-Samou’a village, south of Hebron, which was accredited by the min8isry of Education and funded by ACF a week ago to take in around 40 to 50 students from the village residents.  The school which was built of isolated tin plates was confiscated and its tiles  were uprooted while those responsible for the construction were not  handed any notice to stop the construction works or demolition orders.

As part of the Israeli settlers’ attacks against the Palestinians civilians and their property, on 03 December 2018, a group pf Israeli settlers from al-Tahta neighbourhood in Awdella village, south of Hebron, and attacked the Palestinian cars in front of the houses’ owners, in its yards and in the village streets.  They also wrote slogans against Arabs and Muslims on the walls of houses and cars and punctured with sharp tools tires of 3 cars and tires of a big bus.

Use of Force against Demonstrations in Protest against the U.S. President’s Decision to Recognize Jerusalem as the Capital of Israel:

Israeli forces continued its excessive use of lethal force against peaceful demonstration organized by Palestinian civilians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and it was named as “The Great March of Return and Breaking Siege.” The demonstration was in protest against the U.S. President Donald Trump’s declaration to move the U.S. Embassy to it. According to PCHR fieldworkers’ observations, the border area witnessed large participation by Palestinian civilians as the Israeli forces continued to use upon highest military and political echelons excessive force against the peaceful demonstrators, though the demonstration were fully peaceful. The demonstration was as follows during the reporting period:

Gaza Strip:

In the Thirty-five week of the March of Return and Breaking Siege activities, Israeli forces wounded 98 civilians, including 28 children, 4 women, 2 journalists and a female paramedic. Doctors classified 4 civilians’ injuries as serious.

On 30 November 2018, Israeli forces wounded 60 civilians, including 13 children and a journalist. The incidents were as follows:

  • The Northern Gaza Strip: 24 civilians, including 9 children and a journalist, were wounded. Thirteen of them were hit tear gas canisters, 8 were hit  with tear gas canisters and 3 were hit with rubber bullets. Doctors classified 2 civilian s ‘ injuries as serious. The wounded journalist identified as Abdul Rahim Ashraf Abdul Rahim Abu Mahadi (20), a photojournalist at Media Office of the Palestinian Health Ministry, was hit with a tear gas canister to the right arm.
  • Gaza City: 21 civilians were wounded. Seventeen of them were hit with live bullets and their shrapnel, 4 were hit with rubber bullets. An ambulance further was targeted with a tear gas canister.
  • Central Gaza Strip: 14 civilians, including 4 children and a journalist, were wounded. Thirteen of them were hit with live bullets and their shrapnel and one was hit with a tear gas canister. The wounded journalist identified as Moammed Yusuf Mohammed Mahawesh (20), a freelance journalist from al-Maghazi, was hit with a live bullet to the lower limbs.
  • Rafah: a 29-year-old civilian was shit with a live bullet to the left thigh and doctors classified his wounds as serious.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Monday, 03 December 2018, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, and Israeli forces stationed along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, opened fire and fired sound bombs at dozens of Palestinian civilians who were at the Return camp along the border coastal, adjacent to adjacent to “Zikim” military base, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip. It should be noted that this is the 18thtime for Palestinian boats to sail for Breaking the Siege. As a result, 38 civilians, including 15 children, 3 women and a female paramedic, were wounded. Four of them were hit with live bullets and their shrapnel, 9 were hit with rubber bullets and 25 were hit with tear gas canisters. doctors classified one civilian’s injury as serious while the other civilians’ injuries were between minor and moderate. The wounded paramedic identified as Reham Jom’ah Abu Nasser (20), a volunteer paramedic at the Palestinian Ministry of health, was hit with a tear gas canister to the right thigh.

West Bank:

  • At approximately 13:30 on Friday afternoon, 30 November 2018, a group of Palestinian civilians moved from the center of Kufor Qadoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah, into the eastern entrance to the village, which has been closed for 15 years in favor of the entrance to “Kedumim” settlement established on the village lands. The protestors chanted national slogans demanding end of occupation and condemning the Israeli forces’ crimes against Palestinian protestors along the eastern border of the Gaza Strip. The protestors threw stones at Israeli forces stationed behind sand barriers. The Israeli forces fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians were hit with tear gas canisters throughout their bodies.
  • At approximately 12:00 on Sunday, 02 December 2018, a group of Palestinian civilians organized a protest from the center of Nablus and moved into Howarah checkpoint at the southern entrance to the city in solidarity with Jerusalem. The protestors chanted national slogans demanding the end of occupation and condemning the Israeli forces’ crimes against Palestinian civilians in Jerusalem. The protestors threw stones at Israeli forces stationed behind sand barriers. The Israeli forces fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, an 18-year-old civilian, from Balata refugee camp, east of the city, was hit with a Two-Two bullet to the left leg. He was transferred to Rafidiya Hospital in Nablus to receive medical treatment.
  • House Demolitions and Notices:
  • On Monday, 03 December 2018, Ahmed Siyam self-demolished some of his property in ‘Ain al-Louza neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem, as an implementation to the Israeli Municipality decision under the pretext of non-licensing. Ahmed said that he rented a bulldozer and demolished an 8-square-meter store, a 30-square- meter parking and a staircase near his house to implement the Israeli Municipality decision, which gave him 48 hours to demolish the property. He added that, the facility built 2 years ago and the municipality ordered him from 8 months to demolish it under the pretext of non-licensing. The municipality staff accompanied with the Israeli forces raided Ahmed’s property and gave him 48 hours to implement the demolition decision or the municipality bulldozers will carry out the demolition in addition to ordering him paying the demolition costs .
  • At approximately 06:40 on Tuesday, 04 December 2018, Israeli Municipality bulldozers demolished an under-construction residential building in al-Sal’ah neighborhood in al-Mukaber Mount village, south of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. The house owner, Na’iem Abu Dowieh, said that the Israeli Municipality bulldozers demolished his house in al-Sal’ah neighborhood without a prior warning while the Israeli forces heavily opened fire. He added that the Israeli forces attacked his relative, pushed them and beat them up during the demolition. As a result, 3 civilians sustained wounds and bruises. He pointed out that the 150 –square-meter building was built about two and a half months ago and after the completion of the external construction, the municipality issued a decision to demolish it. He went to the municipality and managed to postpone the demolition.  He added that the municipality refused to license the building  and issued a decision to demolish it by himself. He said that he had already started implementing the decision and was intending to complete the demolition in the coming days, but he was surprised that the municipal staff raided the house on Tuesday morning and demolished it. He pointed out that the municipality staff threatened him to impose a fine on him estimated at NIS 100.000-120.000 as a demolition costs. Na’iem was intending to live in the house along with his family, which is comprised of 12 members most of them are children. It should be noted  that the Israeli Municipality demolished a commercial facility belonging to Na’iem at the beginning of this year under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • In the same context, Israeli forces accompanied with a vehicle of the Israeli Civil Administration and a bulldozer moved into Wad al-Humus neighborhood in Surbaher village, south of occupied East Jerusalem. The bulldozer demolished a house belonging to Mohamed Hussain Abu Tair under the pretext of non-licensing and being near the annexations wall. Abu Tair said that the house was fully equipped for housing and he was surprised with raiding and demolishing the house without a prior warning and without allowing him to remove the furniture or reach the house due to the closures that accompanied the demolition. He added that the house was built on an area of 250 square meters, in addition to the walls surrounding it. He pointed out that the municipal staff raided his house last month and confiscated the electrical tools that used to equip his house.
  • In Beit Haninah village, north of occupied East Jerusalem, Israeli vehicles demolished 2 commercial facilities belonging to Taha and Shoqairat families. The facilities were built 2 years ago. The affected families clarified that the Israeli forces confiscated all tools and construction materials in addition to demolishing barracks.
  • On Tuesday, Ameen al-‘Abasi his own parking in ‘Ain al-Louiza neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing.’Emad al-‘Abasi said that his family demolished a parking belonging to the family and dismantled its roof. The 60-square-meter parking built of tin plates 4 years ago. He added that the family built the parking in order to protect the vehicles from damages, rubber bullets, sound bombs, and tear gas canisters due to the repeated incursions carried out against ‘Ain al-Louiza neighborhood. He added that the municipality warned them to demolish the parking 3 times and the last warning was a week ago, in which the municipality gave the family 21 days or it will demolish the parking and impose a fine on them as a demolition costs.
  • Settlers’ attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property:
  • On Wednesday morning, 5 December 2018, the Israeli Magistrate’s Court issued a decision to vacate a mosque in the Wadi Hilweh neighborhood of Silwan, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, in favor of the Elad settlement. According to the Wadi Hilweh Information Center, the court decided to vacate a property belonging to the late Maryam Abu Zuair, on one condition that the heirs will vacate the place until March next year. The center added that the talk revolves around the house of Ilham Siyam and her four sons, in addition to a plot of land of about half a dunum. He stated that the Magistrate’s Court issued an eviction order and before it a hearing that was appointed in the Israeli Supreme Court to consider the ownership of the land. The documents that were presented to the court confirm that the land on which the house was built belongs to the late Jerusalemite Jamil Siyam not to Maryam Abu Zuair. The court hearing will held on 08 January 2019. Abu Zweir’s heirs said they had been in a conflict in the Israeli courts for 22 years to protect the property and prove their ownership and to refute claims made by the Elad settlement group. They also said that they would continue to challenge the evacuation decision to the District Court. Nihad Siam, one of the heirs, said that the settlement association has worked over the years to seize the property in a number of ways. The first is through the collusion between brokers in taking the fingerprints of Abu Zweir on a document of waiver for three of her sons on the estate. She is on her deathbed, but in 1999 the Israeli courts rejected Elad’s claim that the property belongs to her eight children. He added that the association made a new attempt to control the property by raising another case that claimed its right in the real estate claiming that it purchased 3 shares in the property and called for other shares to be classified as absentee property guard in 2001. Nihad Siyam said after several hearings in the courts that Alad had already purchased four heirs and two shares under the Custodian of Absentee Property, while two others, Muneera and her sister Fatima, remained. Siam said that his late mother Munira Siam and his brothers faced the Israeli courts and the bias of settlers and settlement associations and the prosecutions and fines imposed on them and prevent them from any internal restoration in the house and land in order to protect the property overlooking the Al-Aqsa Mosque from the south. He pointed out that the family is going to the Central Court, within 45 days granted by the court to object to the decision to evacuate. According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), at least 180 Palestinian Palestinian families face the risk of forced eviction from their homes due to cases brought against them by settlers or settlement associations.
  • Settlement activities and attacks by settlers against Palestinian civilians and property

Israeli forces’ attacks:

  • At approximately 06:00 on Monday, 3 December 2018, Israeli bulldozers demolished two houses belonging to Ayman Yousef Khalil Rashaida(32) and Hassan Mohammed Hussein al-Zayed (40) in Fasayil village, north of Jericho, under the pretext of non-licensing. Ayman Rashaida said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the Israeli Civil Administration Staff accompanied with the Israeli forces and bulldozers surrounded his house along with his neighbor’s house, Hasan, without a prior warning. The Israeli forces forcibly got them out of the houses, pushed them and ordered them to keep away from the houses. The bulldozers then demolished the 2 houses. He said that his house was comprised of a 50-square-meter room built of concrete and roofed with a tin plates, where he along with his wife and their 4 children live. Regarding to Hasan, his house was comprised of a 20-sqaure-meter room built of iron, where his wife and their 8 children live, including a child with disabilities.
  • At approximately 07:00 on Monday, 03 December 2018, Israeli forces accompanied with military vehicles, a vehicle of the Israeli Civil Administration and a mounted-crane truck moved into al-Hawd Mount, which is located in the lands of Qasrah village on Street (505-‘Aber al-Samirah), southeast of Nablus. The Israeli soldiers deployed in the land belonging to Maqboulah Nasrallah Mohamed Othmanm from al-Majdal Bani Fadel village, southeast of the city. The soldiers brought a contingent of workers in civilian clothes and began to dismantle a 44-square-meter barrack built of iron and tin plates belonging to Maqboulah. The Israeli forces confiscated iron used for barrack before withdrawing. The abovementioned barrack used for agriculture in 70 dunums. Maqboulah repaired the 70 dunums a week ago via a bulldozer. The barrack was built on 27 November 2018.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Monday, Israeli forces accompanied with a vehicle of the Israeli Civil Administration moved into Kherbit Um al-Khair, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The Israeli soldiers deployed between residents’ houses while the Israeli Civil Administration staff distributed 4 notices to stop construction works under the pretext of non-licensing. The notices were as follows:
  • A 15-square-meter house built of tin plates and belongs to Yaser ‘Eid al-Hathaleen.
  • A 15-square-meter house built of tin plates and belongs to Khair Allah Suliman al-Hathaleen.
  • A 12-square-meter kitchen built of tin plates and belongs to Suliman Yamen al-Hathaleen.
  • A 30-square-meter tent belongs to Khadra Dawoud al-Hathaleen.

It should be noted that “Karmiel” settlement established on Palestinian civilians confiscated lands is only a few kilometers away from the al-Kherbah and its houses and Israeli settlers are carrying out attacks against civilians in order to force them to leave their land to facilitate the seizure in favor of settlement expansion. Moreover, Regevim Settlement Association, which monitors the Palestinian urban activities in areas classified as “C”, instigates the Israeli Civil Administration to demolish Palestinian houses and facilities and to expedite the execution of demolition orders issued against buildings and houses for which demolition orders have been issued.

  • At approximately 03:00 on Tuesday, 04 December 2018, Israeli bulldozers demolished 4 barracks at the entrance to Hares village, northwest of Salfit. The barracks belong to 3 siblings Fadi, Nadi and Saleh Hasan Saleh Suliman and used as aluminum workshop, a clothes dryer and an agricultural greenhouse. The barracks are located on the main road connecting  Hares and Bidya villages. The barracks were demolished under the pretext of locating in area classified as Area “C”.  The demolished shops are a 100-square-meter aluminum shop includes machines and aluminum tools; a 110- square-meter carpentry includes machines and tools; a clothes dryers; and a 100-sqaure-meter agricultural greenhouse. The plot of land, where facilities are located, estimated at 1.5 dunums.
  • Settlers attacks:

At approximately 03:00 on Monday, 03 December 2018, a group of Israeli settlers attacked al-Tahtah neighborhood in Odlah village, south of Nablus. The settlers attacked Palestinian civilians vehicles parked in front of their owners’ houses and yards. The settlers also wrote slogans against Arabs and Muslims on the village streets and punctured with sharp tools the tiers of 3 vehicles and a bus belonging to al-Waleed Company before withdrawing the village. The effected cars belong to ‘Azzam Ahmed Kharouf, Samer Rajeh Rashed, Salah Qawareq, Yaser Qawareq.

Recommendations to the International Community:

  1. PCHR calls upon the international community to respect the Security Council’s Resolution No. 2334 and to ensure that Israel respects it as well, in particular point 5 which obliges Israel not to deal with settlements as if they were part of Israel.
  2. PCHR calls upon the ICC to continue to investigate the Israeli crimes committed in the oPt, particularly the settlement crimes and grave violations in the Gaza Strip.
  3. PCHR Calls upon the European Union (EU) and all international bodies to boycott settlements and ban working and investing in them in application of their obligations according to international human rights law and international humanitarian law considering settlements as a war crime.
  4. PCHR calls upon the international community to use all available means to allow the Palestinian people to enjoy their right to self-determination through the establishment of the Palestinian State, which was recognized by the UN General Assembly with a vast majority, using all international legal mechanisms, including sanctions to end the occupation of the State of Palestine.
  5. PCHR calls upon the international community and United Nations to take all necessary measures to stop Israeli policies aimed at creating a Jewish demographic majority in Jerusalem and at voiding Palestine from its original inhabitants through deportations and house demolitions as a collective punishment, which violates international humanitarian law, amounting to a crime against humanity.
  6. PCHR calls upon the States Parties to the Rome Statute of the ICC to work hard to hold Israeli war criminals accountable.
  7. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to fulfill their obligations under article (1) of the Convention to ensure respect for the Conventions under all circumstances, and under articles (146) and (147) to search for and prosecute those responsible for committing grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions to ensure justice and remedy for Palestinian victims, especially in light of the almost complete denial of justice for them before the Israeli judiciary.
  8. PCHR calls for a prompt intervention to compel the Israeli authorities to lift the closure that obstructs the freedom of movement of goods and 1.8 million civilians that experience unprecedented economic, social, political and cultural hardships due to collective punishment policies and retaliatory action against civilians.
  9. PCHR calls upon the European Union to apply human rights standards embedded in the EU-Israel Association Agreement and to respect its obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights when dealing with Israel.
  10. PCHR calls upon the parties to international human rights instruments, especially the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), to pressurize Israel to comply with its provisions in the oPt and to compel it to incorporate the human rights situation in the oPt in its reports submitted to the relevant committees.
  11. PCHR calls upon the EU and international human rights bodies to pressurize the Israeli forces to stop their attacks against Palestinian fishermen and farmers, mainly in the border area.

Fully detailed document available at the official website of the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR).

(Source / 07.12.2018)