Israeli Soldiers Shoot And Abduct A Palestinian In Hebron

Israeli Soldiers Shoot And Abduct A Palestinian In Hebron

Israeli soldiers shot, on Tuesday at night, a young Palestinian man near the Ibrahimi Mosque, in the southern West Bank city of Hebron, causing moderate wounds, before abducting him, allegedly for carrying a knife while crossing a military roadblock.

Local sources said the young man, Abdul-Rahman Abdul-Mahdi Burqan, 22, with live rounds in his lower extremities, and later took him by ambulance to Soroka medical center in Be’er as-Sabe’(Beersheba).

The Israeli army said the soldiers believe the man was attempting to stab them before they opened fire and injured him.

It added that the young will be interrogated after his discharge from the hospital. The army did not report any injuries among the soldiers.

(Source / 13.01.2021)

Palestinian Loses Arm After Unexploded Israeli Explosive Detonates Near Him In Hebron

Palestinian medical sources in Hebron, in southern West Bank, has reported that a young man lost his arm after an explosive, dropped by the army during training, detonated near him, on Tuesday evening.

The sources said the young man, Sanad Khalil Mohammad Rawashda, was walking near the ordinance when it exploded, in the as-Sammoa’ town, south of Hebron.

They added that the Palestinian lost his arm, and was rushed to a hospital in Hebron.

The Israeli army frequently uses Palestinian lands and communities for live-fire military drills, including shells, bombs, and other explosives, in Hebron, the Jordan Valley, and several parts of the occupied West Bank.

These explosives have led to dozens of casualties, including many fatalities, in addition to the massive destruction of property and farmlands. The live-fire military drills have also displaced dozens of Palestinian Bedouin communities.

(Source / 13.01.2021)

Israeli Colonists Invade Palestinian Lands, Plow Them, and Injure A Father And His Son

A group of fanatic Israeli colonists, squatting on private Palestinian lands near Nablus, in northern West Bank, invaded large areas of farmlands and started plowing them, in addition to assaulting the Palestinians and injuring a father and his son.

The fanatic colonists invaded Palestinian lands in Khirbat at-Twayyil area, east of Nablus, and started plowing them in an attempt to annex the lands and plant them.

Locals in the village rushed to their lands and tried to stop the colonists, while some residents brought agricultural tractors and started plowing their own lands, while the fanatic colonists continued to attack their lands, and physically assaulted the residents.

Eyewitnesses said Israeli soldiers were present in the area even before the attack took place, and did not even attempt to stop the colonists, who injured a father and his son in the head.

They added that the soldiers only intervened when many Palestinians rushed to the area to protect their lands, and stated that at least one soldier also participated in assaulting the Palestinians.

“While we own these lands, the lands of our ancestors, those colonists, who came from several parts of the world as invaders and attackers, now they want to force us out of our lands to occupy them and build illegal outposts,” the injured father said.

There are more than 1500 Dunams of private Palestinian lands in the attacked area, and are surrounded by illegal colonialist outposts in addition to a number of Israeli military bases.

Ayman Bani Fadel, the former mayor of Aqraba village, and an owner of one of the attacked lands, said the residents have official deeds dating back to their ancestors, proving ownership of their lands.

It is worth mentioning that, in the year 1982, colonialist groups occupied the lands, and tried to build an outpost, but the residents filed appeals with Israeli courts and presented the official deeds, proving their ownership of the lands, and the construction was halted.

The villagers said that they will never abandon their lands, the lands of their ancestors, and will remain steadfast to protect their livelihoods despite the constant assaults by the colonists and the soldiers.

It is worth mentioning that the attacked lands are owned by many Palestinians from several surrounding villages and towns in Nablus.

(Source / 13.01.2021)

Cancer-Stricken Detainee Enters Serious Health Condition

The Palestinian Detainees Committee has warned, Wednesday, that a cancer-stricken political prisoner held by Israel is currently in a life-threatening condition at the Soroka Israel medical center.

The Committee said the detainee, Hussein Masalma, 37, from Bethlehem, south of occupied Jerusalem, is at the intensive care unit of the hospital and added that he recently started suffering from a sharp pain in the abdomen but did not receive professional medical treatment.

It said that the detainee was only recently the detainee was moved to the hospital, and was officially diagnosed with Leukemia, and stated that his conditions started rapidly deteriorating a week ago.

It is worth mentioning that Masalma was taken prisoner in the year 2002, and was sentenced to twenty years in prison.

The Committee slammed Israel’s continued abuse of the detainees, and its elaborate policies of depriving them of the urgently needed professional medical attention, in addition to the alarmingly increasing number of detainees who have contracted the coronavirus.

“The detainees’ lives are in real danger, not only they are facing these difficult living conditions and constant violations, but also face deliberate medical neglect,” it said, “There is now a serious concern about the detainees who have weak immune systems, including cancer patient.”

It called on the International Community, various regional and international human rights, and legal groups, to intervene and pressure Israel into releasing the ailing detainees, especially cancer patients, and those with other medical conditions.

(Source / 13.01.2021)

Soldiers Abduct Two Palestinian Teenage Boys In Hebron

Israeli soldiers abducted, Wednesday, two Palestinian teenage boys in Tal Romeida neighborhood, in the center of the southern West Bank city of Hebron.

Local sources said the soldiers attacked several Palestinians while trying to force them away, and abducted the two teens.

They added that the soldiers abducted Mos’ab Natsha, 17, and Saed Seder, 17, before moving them to an interrogation facility in the city.

On Wednesday at dawn, the soldiers abducted fourteen Palestinians from several parts of the occupied West Bank, after the army stormed and ransacked many homes.

Also Wednesday, Israeli military bulldozers uprooted more than eighty trees and bulldozed 8 Dunams of farmlands, east of Beit Ummar town, north of Hebron.

In related news, a group of fanatic Israeli colonists, squatting on private Palestinian lands near Nablus, in northern West Bank, invaded large areas of farmlands and started plowing them, before assaulting the Palestinians and injuring a father and his son.

(Source / 13.01.2021)

Palestinian injured after Israeli military ordnance goes off south of Hebron

Occupied West Bank (QNN)- A Palestinian man sustained injuries Tuesday evening after an unexploded Israeli military ordnance went off in As-Samu town in Hebron south in the occupied West Bank.

They told WAFA that Sanad Rawashda lost his arm after the unexploded ordnance left behind by the Israeli occupation forces during drills exploded near him in the town.

Rawashda was rushed to a hospital for urgent treatment.

The Israeli occupation forcrs usually conducts drills in the southern Hebron, the Jordan Valley and several other parts of the occupied West Bank, and often hand Palestinian families notices ordering them to leave their homes for various periods until the drills are over.

(Source / 13.01.2021)

Pictures| Resistance snipes Israeli bulldozer that infiltrated Gaza border

Gaza (QNN)- The Israeli occupation army announced on Wednesday that a military force was sniped on Gaza’s eastern border near the so-called ‘Kissufim’ area.

The Israeli army added in a statement that the shooting did not cause injuries among its soldiers.

Israeli media reported that four bullets, shot by a sniper, hit the windshield of the military bulldozer that was working in the area and infiltrated Gaza border.

Israeli media said the bullets did not go through the bulletproof glass of the bulldozer that had infiltrated the border and was carrying out a land levelling operation.

Israeli tanks fired a missile at a monitoring center of the resistance in the area.

Earlier this morning, Israeli bulldozers penetrated Gaza border and started leveling land 100 meters deep inside Khan Yunis, threatening farmers and expelling them.

(Source / 13.01.2021)

‘Israel’ to turn village’s only drinkable water spring into park for settlers

Jordan Valley (QNN)- The Israeli settlement council surrounded Sakout water spring, the only water spring in the area and the main source of drinkable water for several villages, with barbed wire in preparation for confiscating it in order to construct a settlers-only park.

The Sakout water spring is located near the borders between Palestine and Jordan. Activist Firas Foqaha told QNN that the occupation state seized the area in 1967 under the pretext of being buffer zones.

He added that locals recovered nearly 5000 dunums after filing lawsuits against the occupation state at the supreme court but the Israeli army refused to apply the court rule.

He also said that the Israelis surrounded the water spring with barbed wire and put signs claiming that it is “private property”.

Foqaha added that the water spring has been the only and main source of drinkable water for several villages in the area.

“The settlement council will probably turn the water spring into a settlers-only park, preventing Palestinians from reaching it”, he said.

(Source / 13.01.2021)

A regime of Jewish supremacy from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea: This is apartheid

Israeli apartheid, which promotes the supremacy of Jews over Palestinians, was not born in one day or of a single speech

Israeli human rights group B’Tselem explains how the occupation state of Israel is nothing but a regime of Jewish supremacy, stressing this is apartheid.

More than 14 million people, roughly half of them Jews and the other half Palestinians, live between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea under a single rule. The common perception in public, political, legal and media discourse is that two separate regimes operate side by side in this area, separated by the Green Line. One regime, inside the borders of the sovereign State of Israel, is a permanent democracy with a population of about nine million, all Israeli citizens. The other regime, in the territories Israel took over in 1967, whose final status is supposed to be determined in future negotiations, is a temporary military occupation imposed on some five million Palestinian subjects.

Over time, the distinction between the two regimes has grown divorced from reality. This state of affairs has existed for more than 50 years – twice as long as the State of Israel existed without it. Hundreds of thousands of Jewish settlers now reside in permanent settlements east of the Green Line, living as though they were west of it. East Jerusalem has been officially annexed to Israel’s sovereign territory, and the West Bank has been annexed in practice. Most importantly, the distinction obfuscates the fact that the entire area between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River is organized under a single principle: advancing and cementing the supremacy of one group – Jews – over another – Palestinians. All this leads to the conclusion that these are not two parallel regimes that simply happen to uphold the same principle. There is one regime governing the entire area and the people living in it, based on a single organizing principle.

When B’Tselem was founded in 1989, we limited our mandate to the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip, and refrained from addressing human rights inside the State of Israel established in 1948 or from taking a comprehensive approach to the entire area between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea. Yet the situation has changed. The regime’s organizing principle has gained visibility in recent years, as evidenced by the Basic Law: Israel – the Nation State of the Jewish People passed in 2018, or open talk of formally annexing parts of the West Bank in 2020. Taken together with the facts described above, this means that what happens in the Occupied Territories can no longer be treated as separate from the reality in the entire area under Israel’s control. The terms we have used in recent years to describe the situation – such as “prolonged occupation” or a “one-state reality” – are no longer adequate. To continue effectively fighting human rights violations, it is essential to examine and define the regime that governs the entire area.

This paper analyzes how the Israeli regime works to advance its goals in the entire area under its control. We do not provide a historical review or an evaluation of the Palestinian and Jewish national movements, or of the former South Africa regime. While these are important questions, they are beyond the purview of a human rights organization. Rather, this document presents the principles that guide the regime, demonstrates how it implements them and points to the conclusion that emerges from all of this as to how the regime should be defined and what that means for human rights.

Divide, separate, rule

In the entire area between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River, the Israeli regime implements laws, practices and state violence designed to cement the supremacy of one group – Jews – over another – Palestinians. A key method in pursuing this goal is engineering space differently for each group.

Jewish citizens live as though the entire area were a single space (excluding the Gaza Strip). The Green Line means next to nothing for them: whether they live west of it, within Israel’s sovereign territory, or east of it, in settlements not formally annexed to Israel, is irrelevant to their rights or status.

Where Palestinians live, on the other hand, is crucial. The Israeli regime has divided the area into several units that it defines and governs differently, according Palestinians different rights in each. This division is relevant to Palestinians only. The geographic space, which is contiguous for Jews, is a fragmented mosaic for Palestinians:

  • Palestinians who live on land defined in 1948 as Israeli sovereign territory (sometimes called Arab-Israelis) are Israeli citizens and make up 17% of the state’s citizenry. While this status affords them many rights, they do not enjoy the same rights as Jewish citizens by either law or practice – as detailed further in this paper.
  • Roughly 350,000 Palestinians live in East Jerusalem, which consists of some 70,000 dunams [1 dunam = 1,000 square meters] that Israel annexed to its sovereign territory in 1967. They are defined as permanent residents of Israel a status that allows them to live and work in Israel without needing special permits, to receive social benefits and health insurance, and to vote in municipal elections. Yet permanent residency, unlike citizenship, may be revoked at any time, at the complete discretion of the Minister of the Interior. In certain circumstances, it can also expire.
  • Although Israel never formally annexed the West Bank, it treats the territory as its own. More than 2.6 million Palestinian subjects live in the West Bank, in dozens of disconnected enclaves, under rigid military rule and without political rights. In about 40% of the territory, Israel has transferred some civilian powers to the Palestinian Authority (PA). However, the PA is still subordinate to Israel and can only exercise its limited powers with Israel’s consent.
  • The Gaza Strip is home to about two million Palestinians, also denied political rights. In 2005, Israel withdrew its forces from the Gaza Strip, dismantled the settlements it built there and abdicated any responsibility for the fate of the Palestinian population. After the Hamas takeover in 2007, Israel imposed a blockade on the Gaza Strip that is still in place. Throughout all of these years, Israel has continued to control nearly every aspect of life in Gaza from outside.

Israel accords Palestinians a different package of rights in every one of these units – all of which are inferior compared to the rights afforded to Jewish citizens. The goal of Jewish supremacy is advanced differently in every unit, and the resulting forms of injustice differ: the lived experience of Palestinians in blockaded Gaza is unlike that of Palestinian subjects in the West Bank, permanent residents in East Jerusalem or Palestinian citizens within sovereign Israeli territory. Yet these are variations on the fact that all Palestinians living under Israeli rule are treated as inferior in rights and status to Jews who live in the very same area.

Detailed below are four major methods the Israeli regime uses to advance Jewish supremacy. Two are implemented similarly throughout the entire area: restricting migration by non-Jews and taking over Palestinian land to build Jewish-only communities, while relegating Palestinians to small enclaves. The other two are implemented primarily in the Occupied Territories: draconian restrictions on the movement of non-citizen Palestinians and denial of their political rights. Control over these aspects of life lies entirely in Israel’s hands: in the entire area, Israel has sole power over the population registry, land allocation, voter rolls and the right (or denial thereof) to travel within, enter or exit any part of the area.

A. Immigration – for Jews only:

Any Jew in the world and his or her children, grandchildren and spouses are entitled to immigrate to Israel at any time and receive Israeli citizenship, with all of its associated rights. They receive this status even if they choose to live in a West Bank settlement not formally annexed to Israel’s sovereign territory.

In contrast, non-Jews have no right to legal status in Israeli-controlled areas. Granting status is at the almost complete discretion of officials – the Minister of the Interior (within sovereign Israel) or the military commander (in the Occupied Territories). Despite this official distinction, the organizing principle remains the same: Palestinians living in other countries cannot immigrate to the area between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River, even if they, their parents or their grandparents were born and lived there. The only way Palestinians can immigrate to areas controlled by Israel is by marrying a Palestinian who already lives there – as citizen, resident or subject – as well as meeting a series of conditions and receiving Israeli approval..

Israel not only hampers Palestinian immigration but also impedes Palestinian relocation between the units, if the move – in the perception of the regime – would upgrade their status. For instance, Palestinian citizens of Israel or residents of East Jerusalem can easily relocate to the West Bank (although they risk their rights and status in doing so). Palestinians in the Occupied Territories cannot obtain Israeli citizenship and relocate to Israeli sovereign territory, except for in very rare instances, which depend on the approval of Israeli officials.

Israel’s policy on family unification illustrates this principle. For years, the regime has placed numerous obstacles before families in which each spouse lives in a different geographical unit. Over time, this has impeded and often prevented Palestinians marrying a Palestinian in another unit from acquiring status in that unit. As a result of this policy, tens of thousands of families have been unable to live together. When one spouse is a resident of the Gaza Strip , Israel allows the family to live there together, but if the other spouse is a resident of the West Bank, Israel demands they relocate permanently to Gaza. In 2003, the Knesset passed a Temporary Order (still in force) banning the issuance of Israeli citizenship or permanent residency to Palestinians from the Occupied Territories who marry Israelis – unlike citizens of other countries. In exceptional cases approved by the Minister of the Interior, Palestinians from the West Bank who marry Israelis may be granted status in Israel – yet it is only temporary and does not entitle them to social benefits.

Israel also undermines the right of Palestinians in the Occupied Territories – including East Jerusalem – to continue living where they were born. Since 1967, Israel has revoked the status of some 250,000 Palestinians in the West Bank (East Jerusalem included) and the Gaza Strip, in some cases on the grounds they had lived abroad for more than three years. This includes thousands of East Jerusalem residents who moved mere miles east of their homes to parts of the West Bank that are not officially annexed. All these individuals were robbed of the right to return to their homes and families, where they were born and raised.

B. Taking over land for Jews while crowding Palestinians in enclaves:

Israel practices a policy of “Judaizing” the area, based on the mindset that land is a resource meant almost exclusively to benefit the Jewish public. Land is used to develop and expand existing Jewish communities and build new ones, while Palestinians are dispossessed and corralled into small, crowded enclaves. This policy has been practiced with respect to land within sovereign Israeli territory since 1948 and applied to Palestinians in the Occupied Territories since 1967. In 2018, the underlying principle was entrenched in Basic Law: Israel – the Nation State of the Jewish People, which stipulates that “the State considers the development of Jewish settlements a national value and will take action to encourage and promote the establishment and reinforcment of such settlements.”

Inside its sovereign territory, Israel has enacted discriminatory laws, most notably the Absentee Property Law , allowing it to expropriate vast tracts of Palestinian-owned land, including millions of dunams in communities whose residents were expelled or fled in 1948 and were barred from returning. Israel has also significantly reduced the areas designated for Palestinian local councils and communities, which now have access to less than 3% of the country’s total area. Most of the designated land is already saturated with construction. As a result, more than 90% of land in Israel’s sovereign territory is now under state control.

Israel has used this land to build hundreds of communities for Jewish citizens – yet not a single one for Palestinian citizens. The exception is a handful of towns and villages built to concentrate the Bedouin population , which has been stripped of most of its proprietary rights. Most of the land on which Bedouins used to live has been expropriated and registered as state land. Many Bedouin communities have been defined as ‘unrecognized’ and their residents as ‘invaders.’ On land historically occupied by Bedouins, Israel has built Jewish-only communities.

The Israeli regime severely restricts construction and development in the little remaining land in Palestinian communities within its sovereign territory. It also refrains from preparing master plans that reflect the population’s needs, and keeps these communities’ areas of jurisdiction virtually unchanged despite population growth. The result is small, crowded enclaves where residents have no choice but to build without permits .

Israel has also passed a law allowing communities with admission committees, numbering hundreds throughout the country, to reject Palestinian applicants on grounds of “cultural incompatibility.” This effectively prevents Palestinian citizens from living in communities designated for Jews. Officially, any Israeli citizen can live in any of the country’s cities ; in practice, only 10% of Palestinian citizens do. Even then, they are usually relegated to separate neighborhoods due to lack of educational, religious and other services, the prohibitive cost of purchasing a home in other parts of the city, or discriminatory practices in land and home sales.

The regime has used the same organizing principle in the West Bank since 1967 (including East Jerusalem). Hundreds of thousands of dunams, including farmland and pastureland, have been taken from Palestinian subjects on various pretexts and used, among other things, to establish and expand settlements, including residential neighborhoods, farmland and industrial zones. All settlements are closed military zones that Palestinians are forbidden from entering without a permit. So far, Israel has established more than 280 settlements in the West Bank (East Jerusalem included), which are now home to more than 600,000 Jews. More land has been taken to build hundreds of kilometers of bypass roads for settlers.

Israel has instituted a separate planning system for Palestinians in the West Bank, chiefly designed to prevent construction and development. Large swathes of land are unavailable for construction, having been declared state land, a firing zone, a nature reserve or a national park. The authorities also refrain from drafting adequate master plans reflecting the present and future needs of Palestinian communities in what little land has been spared. The separate planning system centers on demolishing structures built without permits – here, too, for lack of choice. All this has trapped Palestinians in dozens of densely-populated enclaves, with development outside them – whether for residential or public use, including infrastructure – almost completely banned.

C. Restriction of Palestinians’ freedom of movement

Israel allows its Jewish and Palestinian citizens and residents to travel freely throughout the area. Exceptions are the prohibition on entering the Gaza Strip, which it defines “hostile territory,” and the (mostly formal) prohibition on entering areas ostensibly under PA responsibility (Area A). In rare cases, Palestinian citizens or residents are permitted to enter Gaza.

Israeli citizens can also leave and reenter the country at any time. In contrast, residents of East Jerusalem do not hold Israeli passports and lengthy absence can result in revocation of status.

Israel routinely restricts the movement of Palestinians in the Occupied Territories and generally forbids them from moving between the units. Palestinians from the West Bank who wish to enter Israel, East Jerusalem or the Gaza Strip must apply to the Israeli authorities. In the Gaza Strip, which has been blockaded since 2007, the entire population is imprisoned as Israel forbids almost any movement in or out – except in rare cases it defines humanitarian. Palestinians who wish to leave Gaza or Palestinians from other units who wish to enter it must also submit a special application for a permit to the Israeli authorities. The permits are issued sparingly and can only be obtained through a strict, arbitrary mechanism, or permit regime , which lacks transparency and clear rules. Israel treats every permit issued to a Palestinian as an act of grace rather than the fulfillment of a vested right.

In the West Bank, Israel controls all the routes between the Palestinian enclaves. This allows the military to set up flying checkpoints, close off access points to villages, block roads and stop passage through checkpoints at will. Furthermore, Israel built the Separation Barrier within the West Bank and designated Palestinian land, including farmland, trapped between the barrier and the Green Line as “the seam zone .” Palestinians in the West Bank are barred from entering this zone, subject to the same permit regime.

Palestinians in the Occupied Territories also need Israeli permission to go abroad. As a rule, Israel does not allow them to use Ben Gurion International Airport, which lies inside its sovereign territory. Palestinians from the West Bank must fly through Jordan’s international airport – but can only do so if Israel allows them to cross the border into Jordan. Every year, Israel denies thousands of requests to cross this border, with no explanation. Palestinians from Gaza must go through Egyptian-controlled Rafah Crossing – provided it is open, the Egyptian authorities let them through, and they can undertake the long journey through Egyptian territory. In rare exceptions, Israel allows Gazans to travel through its sovereign territory in an escorted shuttle, in order to reach the West Bank and from there continue to Jordan and on to their destination.

D. Denial of Palestinians’ right to political participation

Like their Jewish counterparts, Palestinian citizens of Israel can take political action to further their interests, including voting and running for office. They can elect representatives, establish parties or join existing ones. That said, Palestinian elected officials are continually vilified – a sentiment propagated by key political figures – and the right of Palestinian citizens to political participation is under constant attack .

The roughly five million Palestinians who live in the Occupied Territories cannot participate in the political system that governs their lives and determines their futures. Theoretically, most Palestinians are eligible to vote in the PA elections. Yet as the PA’s powers are limited, even if elections were held regularly (the last were in 2006), the Israeli regime would still rule Palestinians’ lives, as it retains major aspects of governance in the Occupied Territories. This includes control over immigration, the population registry, planning and land policies, water, communication infrastructure, import and export, and military control over land, sea and air space.

In East Jerusalem, Palestinians are caught between a rock and a hard place. As permanent residents of Israel, they can vote in municipal elections but not for parliament. On the other hand, Israel makes it difficult for them to participate in PA elections.

Political participation encompasses more than voting or running for office. Israel also denies Palestinians political rights such as freedom of speech and freedom of association. These rights enable individuals to critique regimes, protest policies, form associations to advance their ideas and generally work to promote social and political change.

A slew of legislation, such as the boycott law and the Nakba law, has limited Israelis’ freedom to criticize policies relating to Palestinians throughout the area. Palestinians in the Occupied Territories face even harsher restrictions : they are not allowed to demonstrate; many associations have been banned; and almost any political statement is considered incitement. These restrictions are assiduously enforced by the military courts, which have imprisoned hundreds of thousands of Palestinians and are a key mechanism upholding the occupation. In East Jerusalem, Israel works to prevent any social, cultural or political activity associated in any way with the PA.

The division of space also hampers a unified Palestinian struggle against Israeli policy. The variation in laws, procedures and rights among the geographical units and the draconian movement restrictions have separated the Palestinians into distinct groups. This fragmentation not only helps Israel promote Jewish supremacy, but also thwarts criticism and resistance.

No to apartheid: That is our struggle

The Israeli regime, which controls all the territory between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea, seeks to advance and cement Jewish supremacy throughout the entire area. To that end, it has divided the area into several units, each with a different set of rights for Palestinians – always inferior to the rights of Jews. As part of this policy, Palestinians are denied many rights, including the right to self-determination.

This policy is advanced in several ways. Israel demographically engineers the space through laws and orders that allow any Jew in the world or their relatives to obtain Israeli citizenship, but almost completely deny Palestinians this possibility. It has physically engineered the entire area by taking over of millions of dunams of land and establishing Jewish-only communities, while driving Palestinians into small enclaves. Movement is engineered through restrictions on Palestinian subjects, and political engineering excludes millions of Palestinians from participating in the processes that determine their lives and futures while holding them under military occupation.

A regime that uses laws, practices an organized violence to cement the supremacy of one group over another is an apartheid regime. Israeli apartheid, which promotes the supremacy of Jews over Palestinians, was not born in one day or of a single speech. It is a process that has gradually grown more institutionalized and explicit, with mechanisms introduced over time in law and practice to promote Jewish supremacy. These accumulated measures, their pervasiveness in legislation and political practice, and the public and judicial support they receive – all form the basis for our conclusion that the bar for labeling the Israeli regime as apartheid has been met.

If this regime has developed over many years, why release this paper in 2021? What has changed? Recent years have seen a rise in the motivation and willingness of Israeli officials and institutions to enshrine Jewish supremacy in law and openly state their intentions. The enactment of Basic Law: Israel – the Nation State of the Jewish People and the declared plan to formally annex parts of the West Bank have shattered the façade Israel worked for years to maintain.

The Nation State basic law, enacted in 2018, enshrines the Jewish people’s right to self-determination to the exclusion of all others. It establishes that distinguishing Jews in Israel (and throughout the world) from non-Jews is fundamental and legitimate. Based on this distinction, the law permits institutionalized discrimination in favor of Jews in settlement, housing, land development, citizenship, language and culture. It is true that the Israeli regime largely followed these principles before. Yet Jewish supremacy has now been enshrined in basic law, making it a binding constitutional principle – unlike ordinary law or practices by authorities, which can be challenged. This signals to all state institutions that they not only can, but must, promote Jewish supremacy in the entire area under Israeli control.

Israel’s plan to formally annex parts of the West Bank also bridges the gap between the official status of the Occupied Territories, which is accompanied by empty rhetoric about negotiation of its future, and the fact that Israel actually annexed most of the West Bank long ago. Israel did not follow through on its declarations of formal annexation after July 2020, and various officials have released contradicting statements regarding the plan since. Regardless of how and when Israel advances formal annexation of one kind or another, its intention to achieve permanent control over the entire area has already been openly declared by the state’s highest officials.

The Israeli regime’s rationale, and the measures used to implement it, are reminiscent of the South African regime that sought to preserve the supremacy of white citizens, in part through partitioning the population into classes and sub-classes and ascribing different rights to each. There are, of course, differences between the regimes. For instance, the division in South Africa was based on race and skin color, while in Israel it is based on nationality and ethnicity. Segregation in South Africa was also manifested in public space, in the form of a policed, formal, public separation between people based on skin color – a degree of visibility that Israel usually avoids. Yet in public discourse and in international law, apartheid does not mean an exact copy of the former South African regime. No regime will ever be identical. ‘Apartheid’ has long been an independent term, entrenched in international conventions, referring to a regime’s organizing principle: systematically promoting the dominance of one group over another and working to cement it.

The Israeli regime does not have to declare itself an apartheid regime to be defined as such, nor is it relevant that representatives of the state broadly proclaim it a democracy. What defines apartheid is not statements but practice. While South Africa declared itself an apartheid regime in 1948, it is unreasonable to expect other states to follow suit given the historical repercussions. The response of most countries to South Africa’s apartheid is likelier to deter countries from admitting to implementing a similar regime. It is also clear that what was possible in 1948 is no longer possible today, both legally and in terms of public opinion.

As painful as it may be to look reality in the eye, it is more painful to live under a boot. The harsh reality described here may deteriorate further if new practices are introduced – with or without accompanying legislation. Nevertheless, people created this regime and people can make it worse – or work to replace it. That hope is the driving force behind this position paper. How can people fight injustice if it is unnamed? Apartheid is the organizing principle, yet recognizing this does not mean giving up. On the contrary: it is a call for change.

Fighting for a future based on human rights, liberty and justice is especially crucial now. There are various political paths to a just future here, between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea, but all of us must first choose to say no to apartheid.

(Source / 13.01.2021)

Israel is weaponising the Covid-19 vaccine against the Palestinians

‘The Palestinians are being systematically prosecuted, away from the context of their life which includes their being subject to systematic and institutionalised violence under the Israeli occupation,’ Israeli writer Amira Hass wrote to Haaretz

By Motasem A Dalloul

In violation of all religious norms as well as international laws and conventions, Israel is weaponising Covid-19 vaccine against Palestinians, whose land, homes and rights are under constant threat from the occupation state.

The Israeli Health Ministry began its vaccination programme on 20 December. Officials including Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said that millions of doses had been bought, enough for everyone in Israel. This was deceitful, because the occupation government is not vaccinating some of the most vulnerable people under its control: the Palestinians living under Israeli occupation, for whom Israel is legally and morally responsible; and Palestinian prisoners in its jails.

The latter was made clear on 26 December, when Public Security Minister Amir Ohana ordered that security prisoners in Israel be removed from the list of priority groups for the vaccine. According to the Times of Israel, Ohana told the Israel Prison Service only to vaccinate staff in the prisons where such prisoners are held.

The minister thus disregarded the recommendations of the Health Ministry and the fact that the only security prisoners in Israel are Palestinians, who endure very harsh conditions in overcrowded jails, making them the most vulnerable to catching Covid-19 in the country. Around 200 Palestinian prisoners have caught the coronavirus in Israeli jails to date.

The UN has reported that the Israeli human rights organisation Physicians for Human Rights receives around 400 complaints annually from Palestinian prisoners and their families about prison conditions. Ohana, though, insists that his decision stands. He confirmed this last Friday in a letter to Israel’s Deputy Attorney General, Amit Marari, who had told him that his instruction not to vaccinate prisoners at this stage was not within his authority, and prisoners must receive the vaccine.

Five Israeli rights groups filed an appeal to the Israeli High Court on Sunday against Ohana’s decision. “According to professional sources,” the petition stated, “prisoners are an at-risk population and action must be taken to vaccinate them in parallel with the at-risk populations at large.”

As far as the Palestinians in the occupied territories are concerned, Israel has done nothing to facilitate the distribution of vaccine for them. Regardless of the existence of the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, these territories are still under full Israeli occupation and control, and the state has a legal responsibility to provide basic essentials to everyone living under occupation, a responsibility that it ignores routinely.

In the West Bank, the Apartheid Separation Wall and military checkpoints make access to healthcare very difficult for the Palestinians. In Gaza, the Israeli-led blockade on the territory since 2007 has seen the healthcare sector almost collapse. Hospitals suffer from a severe shortage of medicines, medical disposables and medical equipment, adequate electricity supplies and fresh water. Hundreds of patients have died unnecessarily due to these shortages.

Under Article 56 of the Fourth Geneva Convention, the occupier of any country has the duty to ensure “the adoption and application of the prophylactic and preventive measures necessary to combat the spread of contagious diseases and epidemics.” Israel thus has a legal obligation to provide the coronavirus vaccine to the Palestinians living under its occupation.

Israel weaponisation of the vaccine is clear from its condition that it would never allow its entry into the Gaza Strip until the return of the Israeli soldiers (or their bodies) captured during the Israeli offensive on Gaza in 2014 and held by the Palestinian resistance ever since. However, no official Israeli claim has been made in this regard, but as neither Israeli officials nor Hamas have denied these reports, they are likely to be accurate.

“Israel is exploiting Hamas’ helplessness to halt the spread of the coronavirus and conditioning aid for the pandemic on the return of Israeli captives and missing soldiers,” wrote Gada Majadli in Haaretz on 29 December. She stressed that allowing the vaccine into Gaza is not a charitable act, but Israel’s “legal and humanitarian duty.”

The Centre for Political and Development Studies (CPDS) in Gaza has criticised this condition and said that Israel is adopting “a racist policy” on the vaccination issue. “Israel is exploiting the issue of the coronavirus vaccine in order to achieve political gains,” the CPDS pointed out. “This is a flagrant violation of international law.”

Last week, the Israeli rights group Gisha-Maslak also commented on these reports, reiterating that, “Israel is obligated to protect the health and safety of all people living under its control, including by ensuring that the vaccine is available in Israel, the West Bank and Gaza… Israel must contribute to covering the cost of the vaccine and its distribution, unconditionally.”

Israeli journalist Amira Hass had this to say in Haaretz: “Ohana has developed this prevailing Israeli trend, which must continue forever, that the Palestinian prisoners and their families must be continually punished… The Palestinians are being systematically prosecuted, away from the context of their life which includes their being subject to systematic and institutionalised violence under the Israeli occupation.”

Based on this distorted logic, she added, the Israeli settlers, who are not living in their land — “I mean the settlements” — get the vaccine, “while the Palestinians, who are the owners of the land, stay out of the calculations of the state.”

(Source / 13.01.2021)