Al-Halawani is one of a group of Palestinians who voluntarily remains at Al-Aqsa to watch over it, in an effort to stop Israel’s effort to Judaise the site.
Israel stormed the house of Jerusalemite Hanadi Al-Halawani and arrested her this morning, local activists have reported.
Al-Halawani, a teacher at Al-Aqsa Mosque schools, is an activist who has been going to the Muslim holy site to serve the iftar, break fast meal, to those who are fasting.
Videos circulating on social media show her leading chants against the occupation at the site.
This is not the first time that Al-Halawani has been arrested. In May last year Israeli occupation authorities banned her from entering the Old City of Jerusalem for three months. The order came just days after a previous ban on her access to the area had expired.
Al-Halawani is one of a group of Palestinians who voluntarily remains at Al-Aqsa to watch over it, in an effort to stop Israel’s effort to Judaise the site.
She believes that Israel wants to show Muslims, as well as the whole world, that it controls the mosque and is responsible for it.
“Israel is trying to prove something that isn’t right. The real owners of the mosque are all the Muslims around the world,” she told the Media Line in March.
Allah de meest Verhevene heeft in de Koran verduidelijkt aan wie wij onze zakaat moeten geven. Dit zijn acht groepen die Allah in één vers heeft genoemd. Allah zegt:
“Voorwaar, de zakaat is slechts voor 1) de armen en 2) de behoeftigen en 3) de werkenden (aan de inzameling ervan) en 4) de Moe’allaf en voor 5) het vrijkopen van de slaven en 6) de schuldenaren en om (uit te geven) op 7) de weg van Allah en voor 8) de reiziger (die zonder proviand is komen te zitten)als een plicht tegenover Allah …” [9:60]
Het zijn slechts deze acht groepen die recht hebben op de zakaat, andere doeleinden hoe vroom ze ook mogen zijn, zoals het bouwen van moskeeën e.d., mag geen zakaat aan worden besteed.
In dit bericht gaan we in op de drie meestvoorkomende groepen rechthebbenden:
De armen Allah heeft als eerste de armen genoemd omdat zij het meest behoeftig zijn. De arme is niet wat wij ons voorstellen bij het woordje “arme”: namelijk iemand die geen woning heeft en er onverzorgd bijloopt.
Met een arme wordt in islamitische termen een persoon bedoeld die helemaal geen inkomen heeft, of een inkomen heeft maar dat het minder dan de helft van zijn jaarlijkse kosten dekt.
Voorbeeld Een persoon heeft een inkomen op jaarbasis van €3000, en zijn jaarlijkse kosten (en die van degenen die hij onderhoudt) qua huur, eten, kleding e.d. bedraagt €7000. Dan behoort deze persoon tot de groep “armen” (faqier) omdat zijn inkomen minder dan de helft van zijn jaarlijkse kosten dekt. Hij heeft in dat geval recht op datgene wat hij op jaarbasis tekort komt, en dat is in dit voorbeeld €4000.
De behoeftigen De behoeftige is in minder hoge nood dan de arme. Een persoon die onder de behoeftigen valt, heeft voldoende inkomen om: de helft van zijn jaarlijkse kosten te dekken, of meer dan de helft.
Voorbeeld Een persoon heeft een inkomen op jaarbasis van €3000, en zijn jaarlijkse kosten zijn €4000. Deze persoon behoort tot de groep “behoeftigen” (miskien) omdat zijn inkomen meer dan de helft van zijn jaarlijkse kosten dekt. Hij heeft in dit voorbeeld recht op €1000 zakaat.
Het valt op dat het enige verschil tussen de twee groepen, de hoogte in nood is. Ze komen beiden overeen in het feit dat hun inkomsten niet genoeg zijn om hun jaarlijkse kosten te dekken. Dat is dus ook de reden waarom zij recht hebben op zakaat.
De schuldenaren Een persoon die genoeg inkomsten heeft om zijn jaarlijkse kosten te dekken, maar met een schuld zit en niet in staat is om deze af te lossen, is ook rechthebbende. Dit wanneer de schuld is ontstaan door het lenen van geld voor noodzakelijke zaken, zoals het kopen van kleding voor zijn gezin e.d. en niet wanneer de schuld is ontstaan vanwege het kopen van allerlei overbodige zaken.
Deze schuld mag direct aan de schuldeiser worden afgelost, wanneer de schuldenaar bijvoorbeeld niet goed met geld om kan gaan en wordt gevreesd dat hij het zal verspillen.
Intentie De zakaat is een aanbidding en voor elke aanbidding is een intentie vereist. Wanneer je dus een persoon geld geeft als zakaat, moet de intentie van zakaat vooraf zijn genomen (in het hart). Je kan een bedrag dat je iemand hebt gegeven zonder intentie dat het zakaat is daarom niet achteraf als zakaat beschouwen.
Vermelden dat het zakaat is Wanneer jij zo goed als zeker weet dat een bepaalde persoon recht heeft op zakaat, hoeft het niet te worden vermeld dat het geld dat jij hem geeft zakaat is, aangezien dit de betreffende persoon in verlegenheid kan brengen.
Wie je geen zakaat mag geven Iedereen die jij verplicht bent te onderhouden (wanneer zij dat nodig hebben en jij daartoe in staat bent) mag je geen zakaat geven. Dat zijn met name jouw ouders (en hun ouders) en jouw kinderen (en hun kinderen), omdat je met het geven van zakaat jouw verplichting om hen te onderhouden op deze manier ontloopt. Wel wordt er een uitzondering gemaakt wanneer een persoon het niet ruim genoeg heeft om hen te onderhouden, dat hij ze van zijn zakaat geeft. Een andere uitzondering is in het geval dat degenen die jij verplicht bent te onderhouden, zoals vader of kind, schulden hebben. Dan mag jij hen helpen met het aflossen van hun schulden.
Voorrang Het beste is om jouw zakaat aan arme familieleden te geven, omdat de zakaat op deze manier liefdadigheid is én reden van het onderhouden van de familiebanden, zoals dat in een overlevering staat. Vaak geven mensen hun zakaat aan allerlei instantie’s terwijl zij familieleden hebben in binnen of buitenland die nauwelijks rond kunnen komen.
Voorgaande jaren Zakaat die jij voorgaande jaren niet hebt uitgegeven vanwege bijvoorbeeld onwetendheid, komt niet te vervallen. Met het tonen van berouw maak je goed wat tussen jou en Allah is, maar de schuld naar de armen en behoeftigen blijft staan.
Wie niet exact weet wat zijn inkomsten waren, maakt een schatting totdat hij het gevoel heeft dat hij over al zijn voorgaande inkomsten zakaat heeft betaald (uiteraard de voorwaarden in het vorige bericht in acht nemende). Allah belast een persoon niet boven zijn vermogen.
Beste broeders en zusters
De zakaat is een onlosmakelijk onderdeel van ons geloof, net zoals het gebed en het vasten dat is. De gelovige is blij wanneer het jaarlijkse tijdstip van het uitgeven van zijn zakaat aanbreekt, omdat hij dan zijn arme en behoeftige broeders en zusters blij kan maken met een klein deel van zijn geld.
Nu het – hopelijk – duidelijk is geworden hoe de zakaat wordt berekend en wie de rechthebbenden zijn, rest nu nog alleen het handelen naar deze kennis.
Labourers work on building units for Jewish settlers in East Jerusalem
The Israeli government has announced plans to build 805 new settlement units in occupied East Jerusalem, an Israeli website has reported, according to Anadolu Agency.
Israel’s Housing Ministry on Thursday announced tenders for the construction of the new housing units in the Jewish-only Ramot and Pisgat Ze’ev settlements, according to the pro-settler Arutz Sheva7 website.
The announcement reportedly coincided with a meeting in Jerusalem between Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Jared Kushner, US President Donald Trump’s top advisor, who arrived in Israel Wednesday as part of a wider tour of the region.
Kushner’s tour is intended to promote the so-called “Deal of the Century”, a backchannel US Middle East peace plan details of which have yet to be made public.
Israeli forces, on 13 February, 2019, demolished a Wastewater Screening Station and other Palestinian owned facilities in the Bir ‘Ona area of Beit Jala town, located south of Jerusalem, central West Bank.
The demolition, carried out without any prior notice by the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem, caused an environmental disaster and major financial losses. According to the WSSA, the flow of wastewater into agricultural lands from the station caused damage to the olive planted lands owned by citizens, contamination to the ground wells, poisoning to the wild animals, odor emissions and rodents, while the financial losses were estimated at approximately 100,000 Euros, according to the PNN.
The Bethlehem Water Supply and Sewage Authority (WSSA) said that its administrative and technical staff had no reports of the demolition consequences since occupation authorities kept delaying their permits to access the site, located in area C of the West Bank, which falls under Israeli military and civil control. The authority also assured that the station has been owned by the Water Authority since 1993, and had received all the legal papers and permits for construction. However, Palestinians in the area still suffer from ongoing demolitions of homes and facilities. Three weeks into research and contact with the Israeli Civil Administration for access, WSSA said it was shocked to find the magnitude of the humanitarian disaster caused by the demolition, which was already based on illegal procedures.
The Water and Sewage Authority, following its visit to the site — in coordination with the Palestinian Civil Association and representatives of Israeli bodies including the Civil Administration, the Environment and Nature Protection Authority and the Israeli Water Authority — confirmed that the demolition had already caused an environmental and health disaster, holding the Israeli municipality in occupied Jerusalem responsible for the demolition and reconstruction of the station.
The authority added that the municipality must bear the responsibility and reconstruct the station, which it demolished outside of the law. It also demanded to regain sovereignty over the station in order to run it properly, and demanded the Israeli occupation to facilitate the easement of WSSA’s employees and follow-up by the engineers, which would also require a major intervention from the Palestinian Civil Administration Office and stakeholders.
Israeli forces continued with systematic crimes, in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), for the week of 23 – 29 May, 2019.
Israeli forces continued to use excessive force against peaceful protestors in the Gaza Strip. 11 Palestinian civilians, including 3 children, a paramedic, and a journalist, were injured. A Palestinian child was wounded in the West Bank.
In the Gaza Strip, the Israeli forces continued to use lethal force against the participants in the peaceful protests organized along the Gaza Strip borders, which witnessed the peaceful protests for the 59th week along the eastern and northern border area of the Gaza Strip. They also continued to use force as well during the incursions into the West Bank. In the Gaza Strip, Israeli forces wounded 11 civilians, including 3 children, a paramedic, and a journalist, while participating in the Return March. Moreover, 2 Palestinian civilians were wounded after being targeted in the border area of the Gaza Strip. In the West Bank, Israeli forces wounded a Palestinian child.
In the Gaza Strip, Israeli forces wounded 11 civilians, including 3 children, a paramedic and a journalist, while participating in the 59th Friday of the Return March.
As part of targeting the border areas, on 26 May 2019, Israeli forces opened fire and fired an artillery shell at 2 Palestinian civilians, who were about 250 meters into the east of Um al-Mahd area, east of ‘Abasan al-Jadidah village, east of Khan Younis. As a result, they sustained shrapnel wounds. The injured civilians stayed in the area for an hour after which a number of farmers arrived and transferred them to Gaza European Hospital.
In the West Bank, Israeli forces wounded a Palestinian child during the reported period.
During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 54 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 7 other incursions into Jerusalem and its suburbs. During those incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 47 Palestinians, including 4 children, from the West Bank, while 25 other civilians, including 8 children and a woman, were arrested from Jerusalem and its suburbs.
Israeli authorities continued to create a Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem.
Despite their claims to provide facilities for Palestinian civilians in Ramadan and allow them to perform prayers in al-Aqsa Mosque yards in occupied Jerusalem’s Old City, Israeli forces continued to impose restrictions on them, including the city residents. During this week, and for the second consecutive week, large forces of Israeli soldiers raided al-Aqsa Mosque after al-‘Isha and al-Taraweeh prayers and forcibly ordered al-Mo’takefeen, who are staying in the al-Aqsa Mosque for a certain number of days to perform prayers, to leave the mosque.
Israeli Forces continued their settlement activities, and the settlers continued their attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property
Aspart of the Israeli house demolitions and notices, on 23 May 2019, Israeli bulldozers demolished an under-construction house in Khalyil al-Louz area near al-‘Abayyat village, east of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. The house, which is comprised of 40 square meters belongs to a person from Surbaher village in occupied East Jerusalem.
On 27 May 2019, Israeli forces destroyed an agricultural facility in Shoshahla village near al- Khadir village, south of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. The 40-sqaure-meter agricultural room belongs to Mohamed Ahmed Salah.
Settlement activities and attacks by settlers against Palestinian civilians and property
Israeli forces’ attacks:
On Thursday, 23 May 2019, Israeli bulldozers demolished an under-construction house in Khalyil al-Louz area near al-‘Abayyat village, east of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Hasan Barijiyah, Head of the Wall and Settlement Resistance Commission in Bethlehem, said that the Israeli bulldozers moved into Khalyil al-Louz area and demolished an under-construction house, which was comprised of 2 story. The house belongs to a person from Surbaher village in occupied East Jerusalem.
On Monday, 27 May 2019, Israeli forces destroyed an agricultural facility in Shoshahla village near al- Khadir village, south of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Eyewitnesses said that at approximately 11:00, the Israeli forces accompanied with a bulldozer moved into Shoshahla village. The bulldozer demolished a 40-sqaure-meter agricultural room without a prior warning. The room belongs to Mohamed Ahmed Salah.
Recommendations to the International Community
PCHR warns of the escalating settlement construction in the West Bank, the attempts to legitimize settlement outposts established on Palestinian lands in the West Bank and the continued summary executions of Palestinian civilians under the pretext that they pose a security threat to the Israeli forces. PCHR reminds the international community that thousands of Palestinian civilians have been rendered homeless and lived in caravans under tragic circumstances due to the latest Israeli offensive on the Gaza Strip that has been under a tight closure for almost 11 years. PCHR welcomes the UN Security Council’s Resolution No. 2334, which states that settlements are a blatant violation of the Geneva Conventions and calls upon Israel to stop them and not to recognize any demographic change in the oPt since 1967. PCHR hopes this resolution will pave the way for eliminating the settlement crime and bring to justice those responsible for it. PCHR further reiterates that the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are still under Israeli occupation in spite of Israel’s unilateral disengagement plan of 2005. PCHR emphasizes that there is international recognition of Israel’s obligation to respect international human rights instruments and international humanitarian law. Israel is bound to apply international human rights law and the law of war, sometimes reciprocally and other times in parallel, in a way that achieves the best protection for civilians and remedy for the victims.
PCHR calls upon the international community to respect the Security Council’s Resolution No. 2334 and to ensure that Israel respects it as well, in particular point 5 which obliges Israel not to deal with settlements as if they were part of Israel.
PCHR calls upon the ICC this year to open an investigation into Israeli crimes committed in the oPt, particularly the settlement crimes and the 2014 offensive on the Gaza Strip.
PCHR Calls upon the European Union (EU) and all international bodies to boycott settlements and ban working and investing in them in application of their obligations according to international human rights law and international humanitarian law considering settlements as a war crime.
PCHR calls upon the international community to use all available means to allow the Palestinian people to enjoy their right to self-determination through the establishment of the Palestinian State, which was recognized by the UN General Assembly with a vast majority, using all international legal mechanisms, including sanctions to end the occupation of the State of Palestine.
PCHR calls upon the international community and United Nations to take all necessary measures to stop Israeli policies aimed at creating a Jewish demographic majority in Jerusalem and at voiding Palestine from its original inhabitants through deportations and house demolitions as a collective punishment, which violates international humanitarian law, amounting to a crime against humanity.
PCHR calls upon the international community to condemn summary executions carried out by Israeli forces against Palestinians and to pressurize Israel to stop them.
PCHR calls upon the States Parties to the Rome Statute of the ICC to work hard to hold Israeli war criminals accountable.
PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to fulfill their obligations under article (1) of the Convention to ensure respect for the Conventions under all circumstances, and under articles (146) and (147) to search for and prosecute those responsible for committing grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions to ensure justice and remedy for Palestinian victims, especially in light of the almost complete denial of justice for them before the Israeli judiciary.
PCHR calls upon the international community to speed up the reconstruction process necessary because of the destruction inflicted by the Israeli offensive on Gaza.
PCHR calls for a prompt intervention to compel the Israeli authorities to lift the closure that obstructs the freedom of movement of goods and 1.8 million civilians that experience unprecedented economic, social, political and cultural hardships due to collective punishment policies and retaliatory action against civilians.
PCHR calls upon the European Union to apply human rights standards embedded in the EU-Israel Association Agreement and to respect its obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights when dealing with Israel.
PCHR calls upon the international community, especially states that import Israeli weapons and military services, to meet their moral and legal responsibility not to allow Israel to use the offensive in Gaza to test new weapons and not accept training services based on the field experience in Gaza in order to avoid turning Palestinian civilians in Gaza into testing objects for Israeli weapons and military tactics.
PCHR calls upon the parties to international human rights instruments, especially the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), to pressurize Israel to comply with its provisions in the oPt and to compel it to incorporate the human rights situation in the oPt in its reports submitted to the relevant committees.
PCHR calls upon the EU and international human rights bodies to pressurize the Israeli forces to stop their attacks against Palestinian fishermen and farmers, mainly in the border area.
The head of the political bureau of the Islamic Resistance Movement “Hamas” Ismail Haniyeh sent letters to the Secretary-General of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the heads and kings and princes of Islamic countries, at its fourteenth regular session.
In his messages, Haniyeh addressed the dangers and challenges facing the Palestinian cause which threaten its present and future existence. This includes the threat of the Zionist terrorism practiced against the Palestinian people and land in Jerusalem, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip and its escalation through building settlement, Judaization, displacement and siege. He pointed to the American administration’s bias toward the occupation, its racist and criminal agendas, and its adoption of extremist government positions. It is now dedicated to the tripartite team of US President Trump Kouchner-Greenblatt-Friedman.
Haniyeh pointed out that the American team is playing suspicious roles to market projects and political or economic solutions aimed at essentially ignoring the Palestinian cause, and striking deep the rights of the Palestinian people.
He also called on the heads of state at the conference to work to make the Mecca Declaration a unified Islamic position in building a roadmap toward ending the Israeli occupation of Palestine and achieving the aspirations of the Palestinian people of liberation and return.
He urged them to declare an active and urgent Islamic movement that protects the occupied city of Jerusalem, Al-Aqsa Mosque, and Islamic and Christian sanctities in addition to confronting the policy of criminal and racist occupation against it and put an end to the plans of Judaization, division, displacement and deportation.
Furthermore, Haniyeh stressed on the importance of supporting the steadfastness of the Jerusalemites and their adherence to their land and to protect them from the dangers of restricting their lives and livelihoods by smuggling and selling their properties to settlement associations. In addition, he emphasized the need to put an end to the repeated incursions into the Al-Aqsa Mosque and to support the Jerusalemites in defending it. He rejected all projects and plans marketed by the US administration and promoted through the so-called “Deal of the Century,” warning of the seriousness of the violation of the rights and key issues of the Palestinian people considering them fixed rights.
Haniyeh noted that the rights are not negotiable and can not be waived or compromised, and no party has the right to do so, noting that the Palestinian people in all their places of existence will not allow this conspiracy to pass, and all options will remain open to defend the Palestinian land and sanctities by all possible means until the demise of the occupation. The right of return of the Palestinian refugees to their towns and villages from which they have been displaced is an inalienable right, as he called for their protection from all forms of discrimination and racism and for granting them their natural rights in employment, mobility and ownership as a humanitarian and moral duty. Haniyeh called on the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) to continue its provision of services to more than 5 million Palestinian refugee and to reject all settlement projects and alternative homeland, and to seeking to prosecute the occupation for crimes committed against the Palestinian people during the 71 year-old Nakba.
Haniyeh called on the heads of state at the conference to work to end and break the unjust siege imposed on the Gaza Strip for 13 years and put an end to the suffering of more than 2 million people and threaten their lives and slow death.
He also called on them to warn the occupation of the consequences of continuing its aggression against the Palestinian people and targeting the lives of unarmed civilians, women, children and the elderly, and to hold the full responsibility for the consequences of escalation and repeated violations.
Haniyeh pointed out that the Zionist occupation is the first common enemy of the entire Muslim Ummah, and that attempts to polish its image and courting it, under occupation and criminalization against the land and the Palestinian people, are desperate attempts that will not succeed in planting and infiltrating its raging entity into the body of our Islamic nation.
He called for the rejection and criminalization of projects normalization relations with him, and work to support the boycott and isolation, politically, economically, culturally, academically and sports.
In the letter, Haniyeh expressed his appreciation for the distinguished political and diplomatic positions and roles in the international forums of all the Islamic countries, a victory for Palestine and defense of Jerusalem and the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque, in solidarity with the Palestinian people and in support of his legitimate struggle to wrest his rights.
The President of the Political Bureau expressed his hope and aspirations that the efforts and roles of the Islamic Ummah would be united and united in order to stand united against all suspicious attempts to approve or pass projects that contradict the unity, identity, principles, constants, history and struggle of the nation.
He wished the Islamic Summit success in accomplishing its goals and out of honorable positions that would establish a bright future and a better tomorrow for the entire Islamic Ummah, and at the heart of which is Palestine and the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque. The Palestinian people have taken their freedom and their rights, liberated their land and sanctities and established their independent state on the land of Palestine. Jerusalem.