Libya moves a step closer to new post-Qaddafi constitution

Libya’s national assembly passed a law to elect a committee to draft a new constitution, as governance stumbles amid continuing power of former rebel militias.

Libya’s national assembly passed a law on Tuesday providing for the election of a committee to draft a new constitution following the overthrow of dictator Muammar Qaddafi in 2011.

The 60 members of the constitutional committee will be elected by popular vote, and will have 120 days to draft the charter, lawmakers said.

They will be divided equally between Libya’s three regions: Tripolitania in the west, Cyrenaica in the east and Fezzan in the south. The model resembles the committee that drafted Libya’s pre-Qaddafi constitution, implemented when it became an independent state in 1951.

Libya desperately needs a viable government and system of rule so that it can focus on reconstruction and on healing the divisions opened up by the 2011 war that toppled Qaddafi.

Those who will draft the constitution will need to take into account political and tribal rivalries and calls for more autonomy in the east when deciding what political system Libya will adopt. Their draft will be put to a referendum.

Armed violence and lawlessness caused in part by the continuing power of former rebel militias and the ineffectiveness of state security forces has hobbled governance in wide areas of the oil-producing state.

Attempts to write a new constitution have been repeatedly delayed because of political infighting within the General National Congress, which was elected for an 18-month term last July in Libya’s first free election in nearly 50 years.

Most GNC members are civilian professionals or former exiled opposition members with little or no political experience or knowledge of how to run a government.

Qaddafi ostensibly ruled Libya by a bizarre set of laws drawn up by him in his Green Book, although in practice he and his family ran a totalitarian state where no coherent political opposition was tolerated and rival tribes were bought off or played off against each other.

On the constitutional committee, six seats will be reserved for women and another six will be given to members of the Amazigh (Berber), Tibu and Tuareg communities. Candidates will stand as individuals, not representing political parties, officials said.

Omar Hmaidan, spokesman of the GNC, said the committee would be based in the town of Baida. The election date has yet to be announced but it is expected to take six months to organize.

One congress member said the main criteria for candidates were that they must be at least 25 and hold no passport other than a Libyan one.

Separately, GNC deputy chairman Giuma Attaigha said on Tuesday that he was resigning for personal reasons.

(Source / 16.07.2013)

Deadly clashes strike Egypt as a new government takes shape


Watch this video

Morsy supporters block a bridge in Cairo

(CNN) — Hours after Egyptian state media reported Tuesday that at least seven people died in overnight clashes across Cairo, interim President Adly Mansour swore in a new Cabinet.

The unrest and changes in power follow President Mohamed Morsy’s removal from power in a military coup July 3.

Earlier Tuesday, Health Ministry official Khaled Al-Khatib was quoted by EgyNews, the nation’s state news agency, as saying that 261 additional people were injured in violence in the capital.

Meanwhile, 401 Morsy supporters were arrested overnight in Ramses Square, according to state-run Nile TV.

Cairo has seen repeated protests since Morsy was deposed.

The official website of Morsy’s Muslim Brotherhood party said four people were killed and more than 300 injured in the clashes in Ramses Square and near a downtown Cairo mosque, and that police opened fire on Morsy supporters while they were taking part in Ramadan prayers at Al-Fath mosque.

The continuing violence comes as Egypt’s interim government starts to take shape, its members chosen by the country’s military leaders.

Mansour, head of the country’s Supreme Constitutional Court, was sworn in as interim president on July 4.

Hazem El-Beblawi has been appointed the interim prime minister, while reformer and Nobel laureate Mohamed ElBaradei was sworn in as the country’s interim vice president for foreign relations.

Nabil Fahmy, former Egyptian ambassador to the United States, accepted the post of foreign minister, he said.

Ahmed Galal, a liberal economist educated in the United States and a World Bank veteran, has been appointed as finance minister, and Hisham Zaazou will retain his post as tourism minister, the state-run MENA news agency said.

The appointments represent the first phase of a transition that is expected to bring presidential elections next year.

Presidential spokesman Ahmed El-Moslemani told Egypt’s Al-Masriya TV on Tuesday that everyone should be included in the political process.

“We are not alienating anyone, and we expect most Islamist movements to take part in reconciliation, including the Muslim Brotherhood,” he said.

Cabinet posts were offered to the Muslim Brotherhood and the Islamist Nour Party, according to El-Moslemani.

The Muslim Brotherhood, however, refused to participate.

Ahmed Ali, spokesman for the Muslim Brotherhood, recently responded to Mansour’s invitation to include the group in the transitional period.

“More than 700 of our members arrested, broadcasters shot down and people killed in front of the Republican Guard. It is impossible to speak under the current circumstances,” he said. “There is no way to have negotiations.

“Adly Mansour is a figurehead, a decorative picture to try and hide the reality that this is a military coup,” he added. “He is no decision-making power.”

Morsy, sworn in in June 2012 as Egypt’s first democratically elected president, has been detained since his ouster.

El-Moslemani said Morsy is “in a safe place, and he is being treated with the utmost dignity that suits a former head of state, and when it comes to the legal charges, I will leave this to the official spokesman of the public prosecutor.”

Egyptian authorities are investigating Morsy and several leaders and supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood over accusations of spying and killing protesters. They have have frozen the assets of more than a dozen people in an investigation of violence in Cairo.

On Monday, U.S. Deputy Secretary of State William J. Burns emphasized the need for stability and tolerance as he became the first U.S. official to meet with Egypt’s interim leaders.

Burns urged leaders to end the violence, according to senior State Department officials, adding that “only Egyptians can determine their future.”

More than 50 people were killed last week after Morsy supporters clashed with security forces, who opened fire.

Egypt has long been a close ally of the United States’. The country gets $1.3 billion in annual U.S. military aid.

The Obama administration has called for Morsy’s release and has not referred to his ouster via military might as a “coup.” The use of the term could force the United States to terminate the military aid.

(Source / 16.07.2013)

June 30 anti-Morsi crowd figures just don’t add up


Tahrir Square Crowd figures

Despite the well-known difficulties of estimating large crowds, it is clear that the numbers game was played by the opposition and the military to orchestrate and justify the coup d’etat against President Mohamed Morsi. For whatever reason, several external parties also used the numbers claimed to validate their support for the military intervention.

The Army presented a video to the media taken by military helicopter of demonstrations in Cairo to justify their coup; emphasising that the entire population had risen up against President Morsi and as such, it had no choice but to align itself with the people. No one questioned the fact that some of the video footage presented as evidence against Morsi was actually the filming of a pro-Morsi demonstration.

Disturbingly, certain countries in the west and leading political figures supported the argument without confirming the veracity of the figures quoted. They went along with the coup, which to all intents and purposes targeted not just the elected president but the entire process of democratic transition in Egypt, on the basis that this was the will of the overwhelming majority of the people.

To give their statistics an air of respectability and credence, the anti-Morsi alliance claimed that their crowd statistics were obtained from coverage and analyses conducted by Google Earth. Though never confirmed by the satellite giant, the estimates given ranged from 14.3 million to 33 million demonstrators. A search of the net revealed no official statement by Google Earth to confirm these claims. Meanwhile, MEMO requested a comment from Google but has not received a reply.

What made matters even more dubious was the intervention by former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, who said that the army had to choose between “intervention or chaos”. He added that while “seventeen million” on the streets is not an election, “it is an awesome manifestation of people power.”

Ten years ago, on 15 February 2003, the organisers and media reported that two million British citizens marched in London against the war in Iraq. The Metropolitan Police estimated the crowd to be at least 750,000. Notwithstanding, Mr Blair ignored his people with consummate disdain. The enormity of that historic demonstration was recorded by a Metropolitan Police helicopter. At the time, London was not alone in its opposition to the invasion. There were simultaneous demonstrations in 800 other cities around the world, and an estimated 30 million protesters participated in what was considered the largest global demonstrations in one day in the history of mankind. That said, comparing the videos of these demonstrations to that of 30/6, it seems highly improbable that 30 million people or even a tenth of that figure were mobilised in Egypt on 30 June.

Although Google is yet to confirm the huge figures quoted by the Salvation Front and Tamarod, western researchers had previously used Google Earth Ruler to measure the capacity of Tahrir Square and the accessible spaces surrounding it. Having used this method himself, Dr Clark McPhail an emeritus professor of Sociology at the University of Illinois, and an expert in the science of crowd-sizing, ruled out the possibility of fitting one million people into the square.

While Cairo is by no means representative of Egypt it has, like most capitals, been the centre of major national protests. The area of Tahrir Square is 53,000 square metres. While the area from its peripheries to the other side of the Nile across the Nile Palace Bridge is 13,000 sq m. The area from Tahrir Square to the 6 October Bridge is 20,000 sq m. Accordingly, the total area that contained the demonstrators was 86,000 square metres.

Assuming that the highest number of people which can be squeezed into one square meter is four, it means that the maximum capacity of Tahrir Square and its environs on 30 June was 344,000 demonstrators.

As for the area of the Presidential Palace and its environs, the video shown by the opposition revealed that the length of the demonstration was 1,400 metres (just under a kilometre and a half); it had a width of 45 metres, giving a total area of 63,000 sq m.

Added to this, there was another demonstration north of the palace in an area of 9,000 sq m. Altogether, therefore, the total area accessible to the demonstrators in the vicinity of the Presidential Palace was 72,000 square metres.

Accordingly, the total number of demonstrators around the Presidential Palace, using the base figure of four people per square metre, would be 288,000. The grand total from Tahrir Square and the Presidential Palace area would therefore be about 632,000 protesters on the day. These calculations are consistent with findings of various researchers and bloggers.

Even if the figures are stretched, the number of June 30 protesters could not have been more than a few million people in the whole country. In fact, no credible media, even those which inflated the numbers and exaggerated them, ever used anything other than the vague term, “millions of protesters”. The Egyptian media, however, were not as restrained in their reporting. Muhammad Hasanayn Heikal, the veteran Egyptian writer and former information minister under Gamal Abdel Nasser described the demonstrations on June 30 as “unprecedented in the modern human politics, larger than whatever England or France had witnessed.”

However, there is nothing in the conduct of the Egyptian media prior to June 30 that suggests that they would offer an impartial estimate of the crowds on the day. Their anti-Morsi and anti-Brotherhood campaign throughout last year and even after his overthrow, as well as the media’s role in endorsing, publicising and cheering Tamarod’s actions from its inception until the realisation of its aim, all prevent us from regarding the Egyptian media as a neutral and reliable source on the June 30 protests.

It is incredible that the coup plotters’ reference to Google Earth has never been viewed critically in Egypt, the Middle East or indeed in the west. People in positions of authority and influence have accepted the figures without any critical analysis or corroboration. Whether this was on account of their own laziness or because of complicity with the anti-Morsi opposition is anyone’s guess.

What is absolutely certain is that today Egypt stands perilously close to the brink of national disaster. With no constitution, no parliament and a civilian president handpicked by the military, the country has become politically paralysed and polarised. Although the process of democratic transition which started on 25 January 2011 has clearly suffered a setback, it has not been aborted. The revolutionary Egyptians who brought down the Mubarak regime in 18 days will, in the fullness of time, regain the initiative and restore democratic legitimacy for the greater good. Unsubstantiated Google Earth estimates cannot replace the ballot box in ascertaining the real democratic will of the people.

(Source / 16.07.2013)

Saudi Arabia deports Syrian doctors found working for Assad’s regime

Saudi Arabia’s health ministry deported a number of Syrian doctors found working for the regime of president Bashar al-Assad.

Saudi Arabia has expelled a number of Syrian doctors accused of supporting the regime of President Bashar al-Assad, the daily al-Watan newspaper reported on Tuesday.

The doctors, among them women, were found collecting suspected donations claiming to be for the Syrian “revolution,” the newspaper quoted a health ministry source as saying. They were also found guilty of collecting names of Syrian opposition members to the Assad’s regime in Damascus, the report said.

They individuals were reportedly active in “at least four cities” inside the kingdom, according to al-Watan.

The newspaper also quoted a source from the directorate of health affairs in the Northern Borders Province as saying that some of the suspects were under surveillance before the decision to suspend them for “politically driven” activities.

Saudi Arabia is a major supporter of the Syrian uprising and pressed from the early days of the conflict for joint international action against Assad Bashar al-Assad’s murderous crackdown of civilian protesters.

As the conflict developed into an open civil war, Saudi Arabia has called for backing the opposition Free Syrian Army with the weaponry needed to defeat the Assad’s army.

(Source / 16.07.2013)

Ergste wat je kan overkomen!

Het ergste wat je kan overkomen beste broeders en zusters, is het vervallen in shirk; dé grootste zonde. Deze zonde die het paradijs voor jou verboden maakt en jou doet behoren tot de eeuwige bewoners van het hellevuur!

Allah zegt:

“Hij die deelgenoten aan Allah toekent: Allah heeft hem waarlijk het Paradijs verboden. En zijn bestemming zal de Hel zijn. “ [5:72]

Dit geldt voor degene die grote shirk begaat en daar geen berouw van heeft getoond vóór zijn dood.

Shirk is namelijk onder te verdelen in twee soorten: grote en kleine shirk. Grote shirk houdt in dat je een deelgenoot aan Allah toekent door je te wenden tot iets of iemand dan Allah met een vorm van aanbidding.

Een voorbeeld van grote shirk is het aanroepen van iets of iemand dan Allah, terwijl deze afwezig is en niet in staat is om jou te verhoren. Zoals sommige onwetenden dat doen bij de graven in vele landen. Al zij het met het voorwendsel dat zij hen slechts aanroepen als voorspraak bij Allah. Dit was ook het voorwendsel van de vroegere mushrikien (polytheïsten):

“En zij aanbidden naast Allah wat hen niet schaadt en hen niet baat, en zij zeggen: ‘Dezen zijn onze voorsprekers bij Allah’.” [10:18]

Degene die grote shirk begaat, begaat ongeloof. Al zijn voorgaande goede daden worden vruchteloos. Allah zegt:

“En voorzeker, er is aan jou en aan degenen vóór jou geopenbaard: Als jij shirk pleegt, dan zullen jouw daden vruchteloos worden en zal jij zeker tot de verliezers behoren.”[39:65]

Grote shirk wordt niet vergeven wanneer daar geen berouw van is getoond vóór de dood, in tegenstelling tot de overige zonden waar het aan Allah is om de dienaar daarvoor te straffen of te vergeven. Allah zegt:

“Voorwaar, Allah vergeeft niet dat aan Hem deelgenoten toegekend worden, maar Hij vergeeft daarnaast, aan wie Hij wil..” [4:48]

Kleine shirk

Kleine shirk is alles wat leidt naar grote shirk en in de Qoraan en Sunnah shirk is genoemd, maar niet valt onder grote shirk. Vormen van kleine shirk zijn het zweren bij iets of iemand anders dan Allah. Zo ook de uitspraak: als het die of dat niet was dan was dit gebeurd, zoals bijvoorbeeld: ‘als het de arts niet was dan was ik nog steeds ziek.’  Het correcte is: ‘als het Allah niet was en daarnade arts was ik nog steeds ziek.’

Een andere vorm van kleine shirk is riyaa; de aanbidding beter uitvoeren omdat mensen deze aanschouwen. Zoals de persoon die de gewoonte heeft om het gebed gehaast te verrichten, maar omdat deze wordt aanschouwt nu goed de tijd neemt.

Verschil tussen grote en kleine shirk

Kleine shirk in tegenstelling tot grote shirk is geen ongeloof, maar behoort wel tot de grootste zonden. Ook maakt kleine shirk de voorgaande daden niet vruchteloos, wel maakt het de daad waarin deze voorkomt vruchteloos. Zoals het voorgaande voorbeeld van het gebed.

Groot of klein beste broeders en zusters, wij moeten ver verwijdert blijven van alle vormen vanshirk. Hopend dat de volgende uitspraak van onze nobele profeet salla allaho ‘alahi wa sellam op ons van toepassing zal zijn:

“Wie sterft zonder iets aan shirk te plegen, zal het paradijs betreden.” 

En dat de volgende uitspraak van de profeet profeet salla allaho ‘alahi wa sellam niet op ons van toepassing zal zijn:

“En wie sterft terwijl hij shirk pleegde (en daar geen berouw van heeft getoond) zal de Hel betreden.” [Sahih moslim]
Abulfadl, student aan de Universiteit van Medina. Saudi Arabië.

7 Ramadan

Ramadan advies door Umar ibn Al-Khattab

By Marianna Laarif

Het is overgeleverd dat Umar (moge Allah tevreden met hem zijn) op de eerste nacht van de Ramadan het Magreb-gebed verrichtte en daarna (de mensen) gebood om te gaan zitten, waarna hij een korte toespraak hield met een nuttig Ramadan advies waar we allemaal iets aan hebben.

Umar (moge Allah tevreden met hem zijn) zei:
“Waarlijk het vasten tijdens deze maand is een verplichting voor jullie en het staan in het nachtgebed is geen verplichting voor jullie, maar degenen onder jullie die het nachtgebed kunnen verrichten, zouden dit moeten doen, want het behoort tot de extra goede daden waarover Allah gesproken heeft. En wie het nachtgebed niet kan verrichten, laat hem slapen in zijn bed.
En kijk uit voor het zeggen van: “Ik zal vasten als die en die vast en ik zal het nachtgebed verrichten als die en die het gebed verricht.” Degene die vast of het nachtgebed verricht, dient dit enkel te doen omwille van Allah. En weet dat je in een staat van aanbidding bent, zolang je wacht op een gebed.
Houd je af van ijdel en leugenachtig gepraat in de huizen van Allah (moskeeën – en hij zei dit twee of drie keer). En laat niemand van jullie een paar dagen voor de maand (Ramadan) vasten (om te voorkomen dat je het begin van de maand mist – hij zei dit drie keer). En vast niet totdat je (de nieuwe maan die het begin van een nieuwe maand inluidt) gezien hebt, behalve wanneer het bewolkt is. Als het bewolkt is, vervolmaak dan de dertig dagen (van de vorige maand en begin het vasten de dag erna). En verbreek je vasten niet, totdat je de nacht vanachter de bergen ziet komen (dat wil zeggen: als je er zeker van bent dat de zon ondergegaan is).”

Danger ahead: an Israel boycott

Concern over a possible international economic boycott of Israel has been growing. Justice Minister Tzipi Livni is responsible for negotiations with the Palestinians. At the beginning of the month she warned that if there was no progress in diplomatic negotiations with the Palestinian Authority, the European boycott of Israeli products would not be limited to goods produced in West Bank settlements, but that it would be applied to Israel proper as well.

At a speech in Eilat, Livni said that when it comes to economic issues, the discourse in Europe had also taken on an ideological turn, spawning increasing calls for a boycott of Israel. “It’s true,” she stated, “that it will begin with the settlements. But their problem is with Israel, which is perceived as a colonialist country, so it won’t stop with the settlements and will reach all of Israel.”

In Friday’s Haaretz, Yossi Verter reported that the relevant government ministries had recently received disturbing news. Major banks in Europe with operations around the world have been exploring the possibility of barring loans to Israeli companies that have a business or economic link with the occupied territories. According to the information received, these banks’ investment committees have been considering recommending barring their institutions from providing loans, or any other assistance, to Israeli companies that manufacture, build or conduct commerce in the territories, or to banks that provide mortgage lending or loans to builders or buyers of housing in the territories.

Although the recommendations have been rejected for the time being − after an Israeli lobbying campaign that came against the backdrop of U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry’s diplomatic initiative in the region − the proposal will continue to hover over Israel.

The magnitude of the danger this poses to the Israeli economy is hard to overstate. A European economic boycott of those with any connection to the occupied territories would be very broad. And Livni is warning that it would spread way beyond that. Even at this point, the worldwide Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement (BDS) has chalked up a not-inconsiderable number of achievements.

As a result, Israel is facing its moment of truth. Is it prepared to pay a steep economic price for its continued occupation of the West Bank and for its diplomatic inaction? Is it ready to pay the price of the government’s refusal to work for the establishment of a Palestinian state, to which Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu committed back in 2009, with the economic implications that such a boycott entails?

The need for new, courageous and steadfast policy does not stem solely from the threatened economic damage. The diplomatic and moral price that Israel is paying for the continued occupation is high enough, but now − with Europe talking about stiffening its economic stance − the price that Israel is due to pay becomes substantial and tangible. Israel has only one conclusion to draw from this: To exercise a genuine readiness to end the occupation and reach an agreement, before this major threat becomes a reality.

(Source / 16.07.2013)

Muslim Brotherhood rejects presidency’s call for national reconciliation

Gehad al-Haddad, spokesperson for the Muslim Brotherhood<br />

The Muslim Brotherhood rejected on Tuesday a call by presidential media advisor Ahmed al-Meslemany to take part in national reconciliation meetings with all political forces.
“We will not take part or sit down with any institution that approved the coup against President Mohamed Morsy, the legitimate president who came to office through the people’s free will and the ballot boxes,” the group’s spokesperson Gehad al-Haddad told Al-Masry Al-Youm on Tuesday.
“Attempts by the presidency or the armed forces to communicate with us will fail. Our demands will not change. We insist that Mohamed Morsy be released and reinstated to his post,” he added.
Haddad added that the Muslim Brotherhood and its Freedom and Justice Party, as well as all other Islamist movements, will not engage in dialogue until Morsy returns to the presidency. The current government has usurped the legitimate one represented by Morsy, the winner of the first free elections in Egypt, he said.
Ahmed Aref, the group’s spokesperson, told Al-Masry Al-Youm that, “We will continue our rallies in the squares to reject the coup, end this disaster, and restore legitimacy.” He added that the group will not engage in dialogue with the ‘illegitimate’ president.
Aref explained that calls by the presidency to start dialogue are an attempt to convince the nation that the situation has been accepted and that it is time to move forward.  He added that this will never happen: “If we begin dialogue, we would be traitors to the doctrine founded by Sheikh Hassan al-Banna.”
“We ask that whoever opposes us not trivialize us as a weak enemy. We have accumulated much experience since our founding more than 80 years ago. We have been through hardship that others cannot even imagine. We have strong institutional work based on preaching and educational values, and thus we can be a bitter enemy,” Aref said. He also added that the Muslim Brotherhood is an institutional organization and part of a wider alliance that includes Islamists, civil groups, and patriotic figures.
On Tuesday, Meslemany said that the presidency will communicate with all political groups, including the Muslim Brotherhood and Islamists, in order to achieve national reconciliation and surpass the current crisis.
In a press conference, Meslemany added that he is in charge of communication himself, along with the help of Mostafa Hegazy, the president’s political advisor. He expected a response to his demands for reconciliation efforts, including from most Islamist groups.
(Source / 16.07.2013)

De tor

torIk sprak met Frau Politica. Ze was innemend, schudde mij de hand en bood me koffie in een plastic bekertje aan.

We wisselden beleefdheidsfrasen uit, zoals het moment van ons verlangde. En hoewel deze frasen niet meer inhoud hadden dan leeggespoelde varkensdarmen, hebben we er gezamenlijk onze conversatie mee gedecoreerd. Gezellig, niet? Jazeker, Frau Politica.

Maar toen, terwijl het gesprek onmiskenbaar de steile kloof van een onoverbrugbaar meningsverschil in sloop, zag ik het ineens.

Er kroop een glanzend gepolijste tor uit haar mond. Een volmaakt wezen, zijn dekschilden fonkelend van SS-zwart naar diep KMar-blauw. Niets in haar houding verried dat ze zich bewust was van de tor, die nu langs haar blanke keel naar beneden kroop.

Bezorgd om haar welzijnstoestand – ik ben niet vaak getuige van een insect dat tussen iemands lippen verschijnt – attendeerde ik haar discreet op hetgeen ik zojuist had waargenomen.

“Ik herken me niet in het beeld dat u nu schetst”, glimlachte ze vriendelijk, terwijl een tweede tor zich bij de eerste voegde, een al even perfect exemplaar als zijn voorganger. In verwarring was ik, door de torren, maar meer nog onthutst door haar onverstoorbaarheid.

De insecten hadden zich inmiddels ingegraven in één van de dossiers die verspreid op haar bureau lagen en vermenigvuldigden zich. In een mum van tijd krioelden honderden, duizenden, miljarden torren zelfs, door haar werkkamer en nestelden zich in dossiers, rapporten en brieven. Al die tijd zat zij daar en sprak op een welwillende toon, maar haar woorden werden overstemd door het aanzwellende geluid van dit knagende, smakkende en slurpende leger.

Het decor van beukenhout en rookglas vervaagde. Nu werd pas zichtbaar hoe dit leger zich voedde: met de onnoembaar vele zielen van hen, die naam- en papierloos wachtten op een verlossend woord dat nooit zou komen. Hen, wiens handen krachteloos neer waren gevallen en wiens ogen levenloos staarden naar de vele dossiers.

De weeïge lijkengeur werd een onverdraaglijke stank, maar nog steeds zat Frau Politica daar, haar handen verstrengeld, en zij praatte.

Ik vluchtte haar werkkamer uit de gang op, maar uit iedere aangrenzende kamer stroomde dezelfde krioelende massa. Ik vluchtte, ik vluchtte, tot ik buiten was.

Die eerste glanzende, volmaakte tor.

Ik ken zijn naam.

Zijn naam is Leugen.

(Source / 16.07.2013)

Egypt warns Turkey not to meddle in its affairs

  • Supporters of deposed Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi carry posters of Mursi during clashes on the Sixth of October Bridge over the Ramsis square area in central Cairo July 15, 2013. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
 (Reuters) – Egypt warned Turkey on Tuesday against interfering in its internal affairs following Ankara’s condemnation of the overthrow of President Mohamed Mursi, which has reoriented diplomatic relations across the region.

Turkey’s government, which like Mursi’s Muslim Brotherhood has Islamist roots, denounced the Egyptian military’s removal of Mursi, an elected leader, as an “unacceptable coup” in what Cairo views as the strongest criticism from overseas.

“I consider the (Turkish) statements inappropriate and I consider it interference in Egyptian internal affairs,” presidential spokesman Ahmed Elmoslmany told reporters in Cairo.

Last week, Egypt summoned Turkey’s ambassador to protest about Ankara’s statements on developments in Cairo.

Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu has also condemned bloody clashes in Cairo between Republican Guard soldiers and pro-Mursi demonstrators in which 57 people were killed and many more injured.

“I clearly say to Ankara, it should respect Egyptian sovereignty and the will of the Egyptian people. Egypt did not interfere in what happened in Taksim Square,” Elmoslmany said, referring to anti-government protests in Istanbul last month.

Turkey has to understand it is speaking about a big country with a great history,” he added.

Five people died and thousands were wounded during a month of protests in Istanbul and other Turkish cities which began peacefully in late May over plans to redevelop an Istanbul park but spiraled into a broader show of defiance against Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan’s government.

During his decade in power, Erdogan has managed to curb the power of the once-mighty Turkish military, which had ousted four elected governments since 1960.

(Source / 16.07.2013)