Islam Commands Justice for All People Without Exception


By Dr. Yusuf Al-Qaradawi in Islam: An Introduction

Islam calls toward the welfare of mankind, the establishment of justice between all people being one example. Justice in Islam is not for Arabs alone; it is for all the people of the world without exception.

While mentioning the objectives of revealed religions, Allah says:

لَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا رُسُلَنَا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَأَنزَلْنَا مَعَهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْمِيزَانَ لِيَقُومَ النَّاسُ بِالْقِسْطِ

We have already sent Our messengers with clear evidences and sent down with them the Scripture and the balance that the people may maintain their affairs in justice.

[Surah Al-Hadid 57:25]

Thus it stands established that the deputation of the Messengers and revelation of the Books were aimed at achieving a basic objective, so that the people will accomplish justice; in other words, fairness to ensure that everyone without exception gets his rights. Allah says:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَن تُؤَدُّوا الْأَمَانَاتِ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهَا وَإِذَا حَكَمْتُم بَيْنَ النَّاسِ أَن تَحْكُمُوا بِالْعَدْلِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ نِعِمَّا يَعِظُكُم بِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ سَمِيعًا بَصِيرًا

Indeed, Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judge between people to judge with justice. Excellent is that which Allah instructs you. Indeed, Allah is ever Hearing and Seeing.

[Surah An-Nisa 4:58]

The command is lucid in its message that when you judge between “people” – not only Muslims – that you judge with complete justice. In fact, Allah revealed nine verses of Surah An-Nisa admonishing His noble Messenger, peace be upon him, when he was about to defend some of the hypocritical Muslims who had accused a Jew of stealing. The accused had not stolen; the accusers themselves had stolen. Allah says:

نَّا أَنزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ لِتَحْكُمَ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ بِمَا أَرَاكَ اللَّهُ وَلَا تَكُن لِّلْخَائِنِينَ خَصِيمًا

وَاسْتَغْفِرِ اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا

وَلَا تُجَادِلْ عَنِ الَّذِينَ يَخْتَانُونَ أَنفُسَهُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ مَن كَانَ خَوَّانًا أَثِيمًا

Indeed, We have revealed to you the Book in truth so you may judge between the people by that which Allah has shown you. And do not be for the deceitful an advocate. And seek forgiveness of Allah . Indeed, Allah is ever Forgiving and Merciful. And do not argue on behalf of those who deceive themselves. Indeed, Allah loves not one who is a habitually sinful deceiver.

[Surah An-Nisa 4:105-107]

Allah has commanded the believers to stand firmly for justice. They should not be dissuaded by affection for kin or hatred of others. Justice is above the emotions of love and hate. It must be for Allah alone. Allah says:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامِينَ بِالْقِسْطِ شُهَدَاءَ لِلَّهِ وَلَوْ عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَوِ الْوَالِدَيْنِ وَالْأَقْرَبِينَ

O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, witnesses for Allah, even if it be against yourselves or parents and relatives.

[Surah An-Nisa 4:135]

This is the justice towards loves ones, whether it is towards family members or even one’s own self. Allah also says:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامِينَ لِلَّهِ شُهَدَاءَ بِالْقِسْطِ وَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَآنُ قَوْمٍ عَلَىٰ أَلَّا تَعْدِلُوا اعْدِلُوا هُوَ أَقْرَبُ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ

O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm for Allah, witnesses in justice, and do not let the hatred of a people prevent you from being just. Be just; that is nearer to righteousness. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is aware of what you do.

[Surah Al-Ma’idah 5:8]

In spite of dislike or hatred against certain people, Muslims are not supposed to commit transgression, because Allah does not like those who depart from justice nor does He guide them to the right path, as such people never succeed in this world or the Hereafter.

Muslims apply justice with all people. They applied it in the lifetime of the Messenger, peace be upon him, during the era of the Rightly Guided Caliphs and the early centuries of Islam. We know of Umar ibn Al-Khattab ordering the aggrieved Coptic Egyptian to seek retribution from the son of the governor of Egypt, Amr ibn Al-‘As. History then recorded his famous statement:

متى استعبدتم الناس وقد ولدتهم أمهاتهم أحرارا

When did you begin to enslave people while they were born from their mothers free?

This spontaneous statement of Umar became the opening statement of the formal documents ofhuman rights and constitutions of advanced countries in modern times.

What must be lauded here is that Islam made the masses perceive that justice is an obligation which endures no remissness or lenience and that the aggrieved will, for certain, retrieve his due from the perpetrator. There is nothing strange that one would travel all the way from Fustat to Medina, bearing all the hardship of the long journey, to claim his due. In the Roman empire, the oppressed were robbed of their possessions and honor and they could not raise their voice. There was no one in the wilderness to listen to his cry.

In contrast, during the caliphate of Ali ibn Abu Talib, the judge appointed by him passed his verdict against Ali himself, the Commander of the Faithful, in favor of a Christian subject, because Ali could not refute the claim against him. Upon seeing the fairness of Islamic justice, the Christian could not resist to declare publicly his faith in Islam and to confess that Ali was right and had been framed, adding that such verdicts were nothing less than prophetic.

Such examples are ample in history books.

[Qaraḍāwī, Y. (2010). Islam: An introduction. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Islamic Book Trust. p. 340-343]

(www.faithinallah.org / 17.04.2012)

Report: Israel ignores troops’ violence against Palestinians in West Bank

Two young Palestinians are seen during clashes with Israeli forces at a checkpoint in the occupied West Bank.
A report says many Israeli military personnel do not face prosecution over engagement in violent actions against Palestinians in the occupied West Bank.
According to Tuesday news reports by Israeli media, hundreds of cases of violence exercised by Israeli forces against Palestinians in the West Bank have been closed without trial of engaged troops since the 2000-2005 Second Intifada against the Israeli occupation.

Human rights organizations say letting Israeli military personnel go without trial in the cases show the Tel Aviv regime’s “commitment” to ignoring violence against Palestinians.

The latest report on Israeli violence against Palestinians comes as about 1,600 Palestinian prisoners began an open-ended hunger strike in the Israeli jails across the occupied territories on Tuesday to protest imprisonment without charge and solitary confinement exercised by the Tel Aviv regime.

Thousands of people also held demonstrations in towns and cities across the occupied West Bank and the Gaza Strip on Tuesday to express solidarity with the prisoners.

(www.presstv.ir / 17.04.2012)

Anti-islamnetwerken sterker sinds ‘Utoya’

Anders Breivik dinsdag tijdens de rechtszaak over de door hem gepleegde aanslagen in en rond Oslo.

Anti-jihadnetwerken en extreemrechtse groepen organiseren zich steeds beter. Sinds de aanslagen van Anders Breivik in Noorwegen zijn de netwerken in Europa en de Verenigde Staten beter gaan samenwerken.

Dat stelt de Britse anti-racisme-organisatie Hope Not Hate in een deze week uitgebracht rapport. In Amerika en Europese landen zouden in totaal momenteel 190 groepen islamofobie verspreiden. Een aantal daarvan werkt sinds drie maanden onder een soort internationale koepel, Stop Islamization of Nations (SION).

Volgens Hope Not Hate lopen de karakters van de organisaties uiteen. Een deel laat zich vergelijken met ‘traditioneel’ extreemrechts en combineert nationalisme met militant vertoon, anderen profileren zich met name op internet. In ons land zijn de PVV en de extreemrechtse Nederlandse Volks-Unie naar verluidt belangrijke spelers.

Ook evangelicalen
Saillant is dat de groepen sinds kort ook contact hebben met Amerikaanse neo-conservatieven en evangelicale christenen. Ook Pamela Geller, de Amerikaanse bondgenote van Geert Wilders, zou een verbindende factor zijn.

Op beide continenten zou ‘anti-jihadisme’ het van traditioneel extreemrechts hebben gewonnen. Overigens werden de groepen bij een internationale demonstratie vorige maand in Denemarken (door sommige deelnemers vooraf een mijlpaal genoemd) min of meer overstemd door anti-fascistische betogers.

Waardering
Overigens is de waardering die de groepen voor elkaar hebben niet altijd wederzijds. Toen de extreemrechtse English Defence League in 2010 steun betoogde aan het gedachtengoed van Geert Wilders, benadrukte de PVV-leider benadrukte niets met de groep te maken te hebben.

Extremist Anders Breivik, die afgelopen zomer een bloedbad aanrichtte op het Noorse eiland Utøya, had naar eigen zeggen contact met leiders en leden van de League. Leidsman Lennon ontkent dat zijn organisatie formele banden met Breivik onderhield.

Niet impopulair
Trouw-redacteur Eildert Mulder, die het manifest van Breivik ontleedde, publiceerde vorige maand een boek over het gedachtegoed van extreme islamofoben. Volgens hem appelleert Breivik aan ideeën die bepaald niet impopulair zijn.

Hij zou zich slechts onderscheiden doordat hij de daad bij het woord voegde. Breivik las dinsdag tijdens een zitting een 13-pagina’s tellend document voor waarin hij zijn aanslag een reactie op ‘het gevaar van de islamisering’ noemt.

(www.trouw.nl / 17.04.2012)

Hezbollah chief tells Russian TV tried to mediate in Syria crisis

MOSCOW (Reuters) — Hezbollah leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah told a Russian television channel on Tuesday that his Syria-backed group had tried to act as a mediator in the Syrian conflict but failed to persuade the opposition to come to the negotiating table.

Nasrallah made the remarks on the Kremlin-funded English language television station during the first broadcast of a new talk show hosted by WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange.

“We contacted the opposition to encourage them and to facilitate the process of dialogue with the regime,” said Nasrallah, speaking through a translator via a video link from a secret location. “But they rejected dialogue.”

Hezbollah has backed President Bashar Assad’s crackdown on a mostly Sunni-led uprising which they blame on foreign-backed militants.

In remarks broadcast on Tuesday, Nasrallah said al Qaeda fighters had joined the opposition and sought to turn Syria “into a battleground”. He also attacked “certain” Arab countries who he said were encouraging the opposition to fight.

His group, which fought a war with Israel in 2006, believes the West seeks to reshape the Middle East by replacing Assad with a ruler friendly to Israel. It has however praised uprisings elsewhere in the Arab world.

Nasrallah was the first guest on Assange’s much-anticipated interview show, The World Tomorrow, on Russia’s RT channel.

Currently under house arrest in Britain, Australian-born Assange is fighting extradition to Sweden for questioning on an alleged sexual assault.

After the Hezbollah interview, Assange told the channel he had chosen the Russian channel, which says it has a broad international reach, because he wanted his critical views to reach the American audience.

“Unfortunately, the majority of big networks in the United States are now not capable of effectively criticising the abuse of U.S. military power,” Assange said.

He dismissed suggestions the channel’s connection to the Kremlin undermined his editorial freedom.

Assange, 40, infuriated the U.S. government in 2010 when WikiLeaks released secret video footage and thousands of U.S. diplomatic cables about the U.S.-led wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Russia’s Vladimir Putin, once described in the cables as an “alpha dog” presiding over a “mafia state”, condemned Assange’s arrest, and the WikiLeaks founder has since received a sympathetic coverage in Kremlin-controlled media.

(www.maannews.net / 17.04.2012)

Palestinian organisations call for action against G4S over role in Israeli jails

Michael Deas 04/17/2012

As political prisoners begun a mass hunger strike and Prisoners Day was marked with demonstrations in Palestine and around the world, Palestinian organisations today called for action to be taken against G4S, the British-Danish security corporation that iscontracted to provide security equipment to Israeli prisons at which Palestinian political prisoners are held.

statement signed by 12 Palestinian organisations including Addameer, DCI Palestine and the Palestinian BDS National Committee said:

G4S is the British-Danish security company whose Israeli subsidiary signed a contract in 2007 with the Israeli Prison Authority to provide security systems for major Israeli prisons. G4S provided systems for the Ketziot and Megiddo prisons, which hold Palestinian political prisoners from occupied Palestinian territory inside Israel in contravention of international law. The company also provided equipment for Ofer prison, located in the occupied West Bank, and for Kishon and Moskobiyyeh detention facilities, at which human rights organisations have documented systematic torture and ill-treatment of Palestinian prisoners, including child prisoners. G4S continues to provide equipment to Israeli prisons.

In light of the increasing campaign of civil disobedience from within the prisons, we demand accountability for all corporations that both enable and directly profit from Israel’s continued violations of Palestinian prisoners’ rights being committed with impunity.

Amid hunger strikes and the highly publicized prisoner exchange deal in October, Palestinian prisoners’ issues have gained recent attention in international spheres. However, despite this increased focus and the criticisms of these practices by United Nations bodies, there has been no institutional changes made by Israel in regard to the human rights violations being committed against Palestinian political prisoners and detainees. In an attempt to counter Israel’s unwillingness to change its policies and the lack of accountability for its countless human rights violations, alternative measures such as preventing participation by companies such as the G4S proves to be one of the few remaining effective steps towards pressuring Israel to comply with international law.  It is time overdue to break this chain of international complicity.

The statement also welcomed the news that the European Union has decided not to renew a contract with G4S following a campaign by members of the European Parliament and Palestine solidarity organisations that counted former EU Parliament President Jerzy Buzek among its supporters. G4S had provided security services to the European Parliament buildings since 2008.

Activists and local politicians in Malmo in Sweden and Copenhagen in Denmark are currently working to pressure local authorities not to renew lucrative contracts with the company, and similar campaigns are being planned elsewhere in Europe. In October 2011, the Edinburgh University Student Association (EUSA) passed a motion blocking its contract with G4S.

As well as its support for Israeli Apartheid, G4S has also come under fire from campaign groups for its abuse of workers rights in countries across the world and its controversial role in the UK asylum and deportation system. Refused Angolan asylum seeker Jimmy Mubenga died after being “restrained” by G4S guards during a deportation flight in October 2010. Palestine solidarity activists subsequently joined members of the Justice for Jimmy Mubenga campaign outside a G4S shareholders’ meeting in London.

(electronicintifada.net / 17.04.2012)

Palestinians mark prisoners day in Gaza, West Bank

Protesters hold candles during a rally to show solidarity with Palestinian prisoners inside Israeli jails, in front of the Red Cross headquarters in Gaza City on Monday night.
JENIN (Ma’an) — Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank marked Palestinian Prisoners Day on Tuesday with ceremonies symbolizing long-hoped-for freedom from Israeli jails.

In Arraba village, south of Jenin, officials gathered to mark the day ahead of the expected release of local Khader Adnan, whose 66-day hunger strike ended with a deal to free him from administrative detention.

In Gaza City, Hana Shalabi — released after 43 days on hunger strike — lit a torch of freedom and applauded popular support for detainees challenging their imprisonment. Shalabi was sent from her native West Bank to Gaza under the release deal.

Another torch was lit in Arraba to honor Karim Younis, the longest-serving prisoner, and Lina Jarbouni, the longest-serving female prisoner, as well as Adnan, in the presence of prisoners’ families.

Officials unveiled a mural painted by four Palestinian artists at the entrance to the village. The “Will and Freedom” mural — by Muhammad Shalabi from Jenin refugee camp, Areij Urouq from Jenin city, Anas Abiyya from Salfit and Tamir Kamal from Zababda — shows Palestinian women suffering from imprisonment of Palestinians in Israel.

Speaking at the event, Fatah leader Abbas Zaki said: “There will be no peace and no safety without releasing all prisoners from Israeli jails.”

(www.maannews.net / 17.04.2012)

Brotherhood’s Mursi to run if Shater out of Egypt vote

CAIRO (Reuters) — The Muslim Brotherhood said on Tuesday that Mohamed Mursi, the head of the group’s political party, will run as its candidate in Egypt’s presidential elections if Khairat al-Shater is disqualified.

Two sources on the judicial committee overseeing the vote told Reuters that an appeal against Shater’s disqualification had been rejected on Tuesday.

“Mohamed Mursi is our candidate if Shater is excluded,” Brotherhood spokesman Mahmoud Ghozlan said

(www.maannews.net / 17.04.2012)

Salafi calls for sit-in to protest vote disqualification

CAIRO (Reuters) — Islamist preacher Hazem Salah Abu Ismail on Tuesday called for a sit-in on Tuesday outside the offices of an electoral commission that disqualified him from Egypt’s presidential election and several hundred of his followers began to gather there to protest.

“I was staying at home awaiting the decision, but after this game via which they want to divide the nation, I will not leave this place,” Abu Ismail said upon arriving at the election commission headquarters.

(www.maannews.net / 17.04.2012)

Israel frees former hunger striker

Khader Adnan, Palestinian prisoner who went on a 66-day hunger strike, is released following a deal reached in February.
Khader Adnan, a Palestinian prisoner who went on a 66-day hunger strike over his detention without charge by Israel, has been released following a deal reached in February.

Israeli authorities freed Adnan, who refused food from December 18 until February 21 in protest over his arrest, on Tuesday.

The detention of Adnan, a 33-year-old baker who was arrested “for activities that threaten regional security” due to his alleged leadership role in Islamic Jihad, an armed Palestinian group, triggered a series of protests calling for his release across Palestinian territories.

Prior to his release on Tuesday, at least 1,200 Palestinian inmates of Israeli jails began an open-ended hunger strike, as rallies across the occupied territories marked “Prisoners’ Day”.

As thousands gathered in towns and cities in both the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, three-quarters of the 4,700 Palestinians held by Israel began refusing food, the Israel Prisons Service (IPS) said.

“In the framework of (Palestinian) Prisoners’ Day, around 2,300 security prisoners said they were refusing their daily meals, and around 1,200 prisoners said they were starting a hunger strike,” IPS spokeswoman Sivan Weizman said on Tuesday.

Another eight women inmates had also said they were refusing food as a show of solidarity with the Palestinian security prisoners, Weizman said.

“We have coped with hunger strikes in the past and we are prepared to do so again now,” she added.

Speaking to crowds gathered in the northern West Bank city of Nablus, Qadura Fares, head of the Palestinian Prisoners Club, gave a higher figure for the hunger strike, saying “1,500 prisoners from all the factions” had joined it already and more were expected to later in the month.

“We are united and undivided when it comes to prisoners, and we will stand by them until they get their demands,” he said.

The Palestinian Prisoner Affairs Ministry says there are about 4,700 Palestinians being held in Israeli prisons, including 319 being held without charge in so-called “administrative detention”.

(www.aljazeera.com / 17.04.2012)