The Relation Between the Sunnah and the Seerah: Understanding the Prophet’s Biography from Authentic Sources

By Sheikh Salman al-Oadah

Knowledge of the biography of our Prophet, peace be upon him, is of paramount importance. We need to derive this knowledge from the most authentic sources.

Foremost of these sources is the Quran. It provides us with a considerable amount of guidance from the Prophet, peace be upon him, including his conduct during war and peace, at home and while traveling, and even in his domestic life. Books have been written on the subject of the biographical data that can be gleaned from the Quran.

There is another exquisite source of biographical information that people often do not think about when researching the life of the Prophet, peace be upon him, this source is the various compilations of Hadith that make up our knowledge of the Sunnah. These books contain an enormous wealth of authenticated historical reports that not only give us detailed information about the Prophet’s life, but also glimpses into the society of his time. Much of this detail is absent from the biographical works written about the Prophet.

From the time of Ibn Kathîr and his historical work al-Bidâyah wa al-Nihâyah, a few scholars have undertaken to compile together the biographical information found in the Sunnah. Ibn al-Qayyim’s Zâd al-Ma’âd is an excellent example. Even earlier, there were Hadith collections that focused on different aspects of the Prophet’s life, such as al-Bayhaqî’s Dalâ’il al-Nubuwwah and Abû Na’îm’s book by the same name. Now, a number of contemporary scholars have attempted to compile biographical works on the life of the Prophet, peace be upon him, drawing their references from from the authentic Sunnah. My own humble attempt at this approach is my book entitled al-Ghurabâ al-Awwalûn (The First Strangers).

I do not intend here to list the body of work that has been produced in this field. My only intention is to emphasize the fact that if a researcher devotes all of his attentions to the old biographical source works, he will not be able to confirm all of the historical events that he would like to. However, the answers to his questions may very easily be found in the Sunnah.

Take for instance, the events that took place when the tribe of Quraysh imposed a boycott on the Muslims and posted their oppressive resolution inside the Ka’bah. These events have been clearly described in the Sunnah.

We have where the Prophet, peace be upon him, said when he wanted to advance upon Mecca:

We will arrive tomorrow – with the will of Allah – in the lands of the tribe of Kinânah where they pledged each other to unbelief.

[Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim]

This Hadith tells us that tribe of Kinânah made an alliance with Quraysh that they would cooperate in the boycott of the clans of Banû Hâshim and Banû al-Muttalib, neither marrying with them nor doing any business with them until they surrendered the Prophet, peace be upon him. There is another similar narration in Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim. However, this event is almost never found related with a chain of transmission in the books of biography. Therefore, it can only be authenticated by referring to the books of the Sunnah.

The nature of biographical inquiry compels the researcher to look into various aspects of the society in which the person under investigation lives. The Prophet’s biography in not a mere record of the events that the Prophet, peace be upon him, experienced throughout his life. It is far more than that. It is a reliable record of Muslim society as a whole, showing all aspects of Muslim private, social, and political life.

This depiction of the first Muslim society provides the scholar and the jurist with another way of approaching the problems that face them, like apparent contradictions between two texts. This is especially true when it comes to issues affecting the general public, like those pertaining to water and purification, the times of prayer, the manner of performing the call to prayer, and dealing with people of other faiths. Often the only way to decisively answer such questions is to refer to the biography of the Prophet, peace be upon him, and the history of that first Muslim society.

For example, among the contentious questions in Islamic Law is whether a new convert must take a bath upon entering Islam, even if he was not previously in a state of major ritual impurity. We know for a fact that the people who were with the Prophet, peace be upon him, were all converts to Islam and that these converts numbered in the tens of thousands. We must assume that there were far more than that, since there were over 100,000 Muslims that accompanied the Prophet during his farewell pilgrimage. Is it conceivable that all of these people were ordered to bathe upon accepting Islam without any report of it reaching us except in the single instance of Qays ibn Asim? It is a fact that the Prophet, peace be upon him, ordered Qays to take a bath after he entered into Islam. However, this isolated case is by no means proof that every convert to Islam is obligated to do so.

Another good example is the peculiar claim that the body of a polytheist is impure and physical contact with him should be avoided. There have been people who have gone so far as to contend that a Muslim must perform ablutions after coming in contact with a pagan. However, how can we even entertain such a claim knowing that the Prophet, peace be upon him, and his Companions used to live among the pagans of Mecca, and that the Prophet may have been a guest at their homes and ate and drank from their dishes?

It is for reasons such as these that the great jurist Malik ibn Anas considered the practice of the people of Medina to be valid evidence for matters of Islamic Law. He considered it a practical manifestation of the Sunnah that was passed down collectively from the practice of the Companions.

These two examples are merely indicative of the value the biography of the Prophet, peace be upon him, for the study of Islamic Law. From this biography, we get a detailed image of a proper Islamic way of life. We get a carefully studied understanding of how to apply Islam within our society, in politics, and in our dealings with others both in peace and in war.

This is why it is so essential that we submit the biographical literature to various types of scrutiny – not just that of authentication – so we can better understand the society, politics, and international affairs of the Muslims so we can better guide all aspects of our lives in the light of Islam.

( / 10.04.2012)

Syria accused of failing to withdraw troops as deaths mount on ceasefire day

The U.N. Security Council called on President Bashar al-Assad to keep a Thursday deadline for a complete ceasefire in the Syria conflict, after his forces and heavy weapons did not pull back from key cities. (Reuters)

The U.N. Security Council called on President Bashar al-Assad to keep a Thursday deadline for a complete ceasefire in the Syria conflict, after his forces and heavy weapons did not pull back from key cities.
Global leaders on Tuesday accused Syria of failing to begin implementing a ceasefire deal as regime forces pounded protest hubs on the deadline day, with 28 civilians among more than 50 people killed.
The U.N. Security Council called on President Bashar al-Assad to keep a Thursday deadline for a complete ceasefire in the Syria conflict, after his forces and heavy weapons did not pull back from key cities in the crackdown.

Syria said it was abiding by the deal, but U.N.-Arab League envoy Kofi Annan accused it of pulling troops from some areas and moving them elsewhere.

At the same time, the rebel Free Syrian Army warned it would resume attacks if the government offensive does not stop.

In a statement read by U.S. ambassador Susan Rice, the Security Council backed a demand by U.N.-Arab League envoy Annan for Syria to make a “fundamental change of course” to end hostilities by 6:00 am Damascus time on Thursday.

After Annan appealed for new U.N. backing, council members expressed “deep concern” at the Syrian government’s failure to withdraw its forces and “stressed the importance that the parties meet the deadline of April 12.”

Council members also “underscored” Annan’s statement that “the Syrian leadership should now seize the opportunity to make a fundamental change of course,” Rice said.

“It is essential that the next 48 hours bring visible signs of immediate and indisputable change in the military posture of the government forces throughout the country” as set out in Annan’s six-point plan.

Washington said it hoped the Security Council would consider action if Annan concludes that Damascus broke its commitment on Tuesday’s deadline.

Withdrawal of troops

In Moscow, Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Muallem claimed Damascus had begun carrying out the deal by withdrawing some troops out of certain provinces.

But Annan, visiting Syrian refugees in Turkey, said that while the army had indicated it was withdrawing from some areas he had received reports of troops moving into other parts of the country.

“I again appeal to the Syrian government and the Syrian parties to cease violence in accordance (with) the plan,” he told reporters. “I believe there should be no preconditions for stopping violence.”

Annan insisted the deal was not in tatters, however.

“The plan has not been implemented according to the schedule that we laid out… but it does not mean that it cannot be implemented.”

In a letter to the Security Council, he said “the days before April 10 could have been an opportunity for the government of Syria to send a powerful political signal of peace. In the last five days it has become clear that such a signal has yet to be issued.”

Annan said Damascus should have taken steps “to cease troop movements towards population centers, to cease all use of heavy weapons in such centers, and to begin pullback of military concentrations in and around population centers.”

This had not happened, Annan said.

“While some troops and heavy weapons have been withdrawn from some localities, this appears to be often limited to a repositioning of heavy weapons that keeps cities within firing range,” he said.

Rice said that the council may soon face a “moment of truth” when it will have to decide whether to increase pressure on Assad’s government

Fifty-two people, including 28 civilians, were killed on Tuesday, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said. They included 19 members of the security forces and five rebels, bringing the toll since the weekend to at least 337.

The United Nations says more than 9,000 people have been killed since anti-regime protests broke out in March 2011. Monitors put the number at more than 10,000.

Free Syrian Army spokesman Colonel Kassem Saadeddine warned that rebel forces would resume attacking regular forces if they do not withdraw.

“If (the regime) does not stop shelling and not withdraw tanks, we will intensify our military operations and launch attacks,” he told AFP.

But Muallem insisted Damascus had begun implementing the Annan plan.

“We have already withdrawn military units from different Syrian provinces,” he told reporters in Moscow after talks with Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov.

Lavrov said Syria should be more decisive in fulfilling the Annan plan.

“We believe their actions could have been more active, more decisive when it comes to the implementation of the plan,” he said.

Lavrov later spoke with Annan by phone, telling him to put more pressure on the rebels to cooperate with his initiative.

Tough terms

White House spokesman Jay Carney said Washington had so far only seen evidence of further “brutality and aggression” from Assad’s forces.

“We would certainly hope the U.N. Security Council would evaluate the situation in Syria if in fact Mr. Annan finds that the Assad regime has not abided by its own commitments to begin withdrawal by today,” Carney said.

Paris and London spoke in equally tough terms.

“Bashar al-Assad has lied to Kofi Annan,” said French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe.

“Not only has the firing of heavy weapons not ceased, not only is the freeing of political prisoners minimal compared with the scale of the repression, not only is Damascus now attacking its neighbors, but what has been presented as a withdrawal is nothing but a thinly disguised redeployment.”

Britain’s Foreign Secretary William Hague said: “There is no evidence so far that the Assad regime has any intention of adhering to any agreement it makes.”

Annan arrived in Tehran late on Tuesday for talks centering on Iran’s key regional ally, the official IRNA news agency reported.

Iran has repeated that it fully backs Assad’s regime, and has lent it political and material support.

Meanwhile, Damascus was rebuked for violence that spilled over its borders on Monday, killing a Lebanese TV cameraman inside Lebanon and wounding four people in a Turkish camp for Syrian refugees.

Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan accused Syria of a “clear violation” of common frontiers, while Lebanon demanded an investigation.

( / 10.04.2012)

Luchthaven Marrakech bij beste tien ter wereld

Luchthaven Marrakech bij beste tien ter wereld
De luchthaven van Marrakech – Menara hoort bij de besten ter wereld.
Televisiekanaal Travel Channel deed onderzoek naar de beste luchthavens ter wereld. Luchthaven Marrakech – Menara is volgens Travel Channel een voorbeeld voor luchthavens door het mengen van islamitische architectuur en moderne architectuur. Marrakech Menara heeft twee terminals.

De eerste werd volledig gerenoveerd in juni 2008 en werkt voor een deel op zonne-energie. De tweede is in 2005 in werking getreden terwijl de derde terminal dit jaar nog open gaat. Deze nieuwe terminal moet jaarlijks 8 miljoen passagiers trekken, zo weet Travel Channel.

( / 10.04.2012)

Wat zegt de Islam over de evolutietheorie?

Het hangt zeer af van wat men met ‘de evolutietheorie’ bedoelt. Als men hiermee bedoelt dat:
A             De mens is geevolueerd uit een aap.
Islam wijst dit zeer zeker af.  In de Qur’an wordt in verschillende ayaats (verzen) duidelijk aangegeven dat Allah de eerste mens, Adam, geschapen heeft uit aarde/klei.
Toen uw Heer tot de engelen zeide: “Ik ga de mens uit droge klei scheppen. Wanneer
Ik hem daaruit heb gevormd en hem Mijn geest heb ingeblazen, valt dan in onderdanigheid voor hem neder.? (15/28-29)
En tot Zijn tekenen behoort, dat Hij u uit aarde schiep. (30/20)
B             De schepping uit het niets is ontsaan door een oerknal.
Als er een knal is geweest leert de islam ons dat er Iemand moet zijn die besloten heeft om deze knal te veroorzaken en uit deze chaos een perfect geordend systeem neer te zetten.  In de Qur’ an lezen we:
Hij is degene die de hemelen en aarde uit het niets heeft geschapen  (6/101)
Hebben de ongelovigen niet ingezien dat de hemelen en aarde ineengesloten waren en dat Wij ze hebben gescheiden?(21/30)
Voorzeker, Wij bouwden de hemel met Onze macht hebben en waarlijk Wij zijn het die hem laten uitdijen.  (51/47) (Onlangs hebben astronomen bewezen dat de universum vanaf de oerknal nog steeds zit uit te dijen)
Ziet gij niet dat Allah de hemelen en aarde in wijsheid en met rede schiep? (14/19)
Islam leert ons Allah alles uit het niets heeft geschapen en nog steeds aan het scheppen is. Het is niet zo dat hij de wereld in 6 dagen heeft geschapen en daarna zijn schepping heeft gestaakt.  Allah is continu aan het scheppen en gebruikt in deze materiele wereld (natuur)wetten, zoals aarde, water, zon, lucht, sperma, eicel enz, voor Zijn schepping.. Deze (natuur)wetten zijn zo perfect op elkaar afgestemd dat men vaak de Schepper achter deze wetten niet kan en wil zien. Hierdoor geeft men deze machteloze,, levensloze, oneindig  behoeftige  wetten de scheppingskracht.
Terwijl al deze (natuur)wetten wijzen naar Allah, de Almachtige Schepper, richt men de blik op    gereedschappen in plaats van de Kunstenaar die deze gereedchappen gebruikt voor zijn kunstwerk.
De Almachtige Schepper die zijn Schone Kunsten aan ons tentoonstelt heeft ons een handleiding gestuurd waaarin exact wordt vermeld hoe je je korte verblijf in deze expositieruimte optimaal kan benutten, zodat je uiteindelijk geestelijk en zintuigelijk rijp bent om bij de Kunstenaar te komen en voor altijd bij Hem te verblijven. Daar zal je oneindig van zijn kunstwerk genieten zonder tussenkomst van welk  gereedschap dan ook.
Dus dankzij deze handleiding kan een moslim duidelijk onderscheid maken tussen de gereedschap en de Kunstenaar die deze gereedschap gebruikt voor zijn kunstwerk. Degene die deze handleiding niet willen en kunnen lezen geven de ziel- en levensloze gereedschappen deze eer. Hoezeer ze ook hun best doen kunnen deze personen degenen wiens ogen geopend zijn door de handleiding onmogelijk in verleiding brengen door de gereedschappen in plaats van de kunstenaar te zetten. Het heeft niet veel inzicht en kennis nodig om te weten dat een gereedschap door iemand gebruikt moet worden om kunstwerk te verrichten. Als deze gereedschap een paar miljard jaar door wind, regen, hagel, bliksem, stroming en andere natuurkrachten heen en weer wordt geslingerd zal deze onmogelijk een kunstwerk kunnen neerzetten zoals Michelangelo die in een paar uur met dezelfde gereedchap zal neerzetten. Als dat al zo is bij een ‘simpel?’ kunstwerk hoe is het dan mogelijk dat doelloze en levensloze gereedschappen deze complexe universum en alles wat er in is heeft kunnen scheppen?
De Islam laat ons de Kunstenaar zien zodat we niet blijven haken bij de vele gereedschappen.
( / 10.04.2012)

Egypt court blocks creation of constitutional assembly

CAIRO (Reuters) — An Egyptian court on Tuesday blocked parliament’s decision to create a new constitutional assembly, challenging the legitimacy of a body that has been criticized for its domination by Islamists.

The Cairo administrative court “halts the implementation of the decision by the parliament’s speaker to form the constitutional assembly to draft the constitution,” Judge Ali Fekri told the court.

( / 10.04.2012)


And now what you didn’t read….. The Facts!

  1. So you read or heard about a home cooked flare from Gaza?

    Now the facts you did not read in your media:

    All attacks on Palestine by navy, army, land, sea, air, airplanes, remote drones, tanks, police, undercover forces, and even by radical illegal colonists. All Attacks since Jan 2011:

  2. Share
    Occupied Palestine | فلسطين | Category Archive | attack

    Related: Israel killed Mustafa Tamimi – Overview | The Funeral – in pictures Go to Page 1 | 2 Continuous updates… please keep reloading T…
  3. Or follow the timeline (Continuous daily updates)
  4. Share

    Gaza Under Attack – Timeline | In pictures Aug-Sept 2011 | Oct-Nov 2011 | Dec 2011 From Jan 2012, all Israeli attacks on Palestine For al…
  5. But first… understand facts like history. Who detonated and introduced terrorism and the first bomb ever in Palestine:
  6. Share
    Learn about the History of Zionist Militia: Menachem Begin (Irgun Zvei Leumi)

    Amy Zalman, Ph.D. | former GuideMenachem Begin on a 1978 visit to the U.S. Begin’s notoriety may be found in an extraordinary c…
  7. And the event that started: “Zionist Terrorism”
  8. Share

    Shamir himself has defended the various assassinations committed by the Irgun and Stern gangs on the grounds that “it was the only way we…
  9. And how Palestine was “sold out”
  10. Share
    Balfour’s Apartheid Legacy ~ by Stuart Littlewood

    Related: The History of the House of Rothschild By Stuart Littlewood | 5 November 2011 | Redress Stuart Littlewood charts the British lie…
  11. Where the roots of zionism started
  12. Share
    Timeline of the Rothschild family

    The Rothschilds claim that they are Jewish, when in fact they are Khazars. They are from a country called Khazaria, which occupied the la…
  13. Zionism, is older than the “State of Israel”. Real Judaism is fighting it for over 130 years now. Read a 130 year record of religious Jewish opposition against zionism:
  14. Share
    The Rabbis Speak Out

    The Jews have always been religious people who lived with belief and trust in the Almighty. In their long history, they have gone through…
  15. Real smart (Jewish) Albert Einstein knew. And warned the world with his letter to the world about facism and zionism in “Israel”
  16. Share
  17. For the sceptics among you: Here are the microfilms of the letter of Albert Einstein as it was published by the New York Times on Dec 4, 1948
  18. Share
    Einstein: Letter to New York Times [Scanned Original]

    Additional Reading: Einstein, Zionism and Israel: Setting the Record Straight Home Index of My Writings Have you visited my other sites?K…
  19. And his other letter. An answer to the Stern Terror Gang as it asked him to fundraise for Israel in the United States of America
  20. Share
    Scanned letter that Albert Einstein sent to the Stern terror gang when it solicitated him to raise fund in the United stated

    In the United States, the Stern Gang operated under the title of “American Friends of the Fighters for the Freedom of Israel.” Here is Ei…
  21. But US government is keeping the facts from the people. Playing ignorant serving Israel and silencing while the power of lies, deceptions and disinformation as Americans pay the price while funding genocide with their hard earned cash dollars and another price of collective stupidity which is funneled up by corrupt governments’ silence of the facts.. which they know too well:
  22. Share
    “Palestine Has to Be More Flexible…” H(ILL)ARY SAYS!

    Truth does not matter for “Israel”. Buttons Do. To mute. In an interview with Egypt’s Al-Hayat TV released Saturday October 1st 2011, U.S…
  23. Look how “Israel’s” firster thinks about Americans and their opinion or vision on that one!
  24. Share
    Checkpoint Washington – Netanyahu: ‘America is a thing you can move very easily’

    The United States and Israel have made a huge effort this month to patch up the sometimes difficult relationship between President Obama …
  25. History, facts, distorted and manipulated, even altered, so just let’s behold some facts. The real cost of human lives which has 2 sides:
    – Death due to violent aggression
    – Death due to passive aggression (so called avoidable mortality)

    Beware of zionist tendency and manipulated media, to only display the “damage” of confirmed “hit & kill”.. the so called “Body-Count” for this is only a very small part of the total of victims due to zionist policies to kill and ethnically cleanse.

    In 2011 only, over 242 people were slained by Israel in direct violence. The names of the martyrs and their stories. All 242 and the list is continuously updated as new victims fall sometimes daily or more a day:

Official: Gunmen rob fuel truck in Sinai

EL-ARISH, Egypt (Ma’an) — Four armed men robbed a fuel truck belonging to international peacekeeping forces in Egypt’s Sinai on Monday, a security official said.

An Egyptian security officer told Ma’an that gunmen stopped the truck in Sheikh Zuweid, a few kilometers from Gaza, and stole 50,000 liters of fuel.

They stole the fuel to smuggle it into the Gaza Strip, the official said.

The Egyptian government’s authority in Sinai has weakened since the fall of Hosni Mubarak in February 2011 and on Sunday, Egyptian officials announced plans to increase security.

2,000 officers, soldiers head to Sinai

Maj.-Gen. Ahmad Jamal said that the interior ministry decided to send 2,000 officers and soldiers from the special forces to the north of Sinai in order to increase security control of the area.

Jamal added that his forces would also send military vehicles including armored vehicles and weapons in coordination with the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.

He says the ministry has already sent 150 officers and the rest will be sent soon. The main reason for sending them is to implement security plans especially protecting the natural gas line, he said.

An explosion hit the pipeline carrying gas to Israel and Jordan on Monday for 14th time since the uprising against Mubarak. No group has claimed responsibility for the attacks.

The pipeline has been shut since an explosion on Feb. 5.

( / 10.04.2012)

Hundreds to swarm Israeli airport in fly campaign for Palestine

A leading activist on Tuesday blasted Israel’s “crazy” reaction to a fly-in campaign of hundreds expected to arrive at Tel Aviv airport this Sunday in solidarity with occupied Palestinians.

Israeli security forces said earlier on Tuesday that they had begun preparations for roughly 2,500 activists flying in primarily from Europe and North America, dubbing the ‘Welcome to Palestine’ campaign as “hostile.”

“We have made arrangements and are prepared for this operation, which is expected to begin from Sunday,” police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld told AFP, without giving further details.

Mick Napier, UK coordinator for Welcome to Palestine 2012, said the Israeli government was “whipping up a frenzy” and that the campaign is simply to highlight the right to travel to the occupied West Bank without hindrance.

“The aim is very clear, modest and minimal, it’s to highlight the fact that Israel has turned the West Bank into prison and is not allowing the prisoners to receive visitors,” he said.

Visitors can access the West Bank, but must lie to Israeli custom officials at Tel Aviv’s Ben Gurion airport in order to do so.

“I have been to the West Bank successfully, but in order to do that, I had to lie. When I told them the truth last July, I was hand shackled and taken away.”

Napier was part of roughly 100 activists who took part in a similar campaign last summer, and was detained for a number of days without charge.

The UK coordinator said he expected much of the same treatment this time.

“You can be sure that many hundreds will arrive in Tel Aviv. If the signs are anything to go by, the Israelis will imprison them,” he said.

Airlines cooperated with Israel last year and prevented hundreds from boarding their flights to Tel Aviv.

Napier said it will be difficult for Israel to repeat the same measures, revealing that the Jewish state had access to a list of names last year that will not be available this time around.

“They [Israel] had a lucky break last time, they managed to get a hold of a list of 322 names on it, they won’t have that again. They’ll have to put a lot more effort into it,” he said.

Napier also warned that campaigners will pursue legal action against airlines if they repeated their actions of last year.

“We’ll be putting legal pressure on airlines for breaking contracts and cancelling holidays at the last minute, and that for us will be a domestic forum for us to raise issues of Palestinian human rights.”

Israel’s public security minister Yitzhak Aharonovitch on Monday supervised a meeting of the security forces that will be in charge of the operation at Ben Gurion, including airport authorities, immigration officials and police.

“No provocation will be tolerated,” Israeli media quoted him telling his forces. “As any other country would do, Israel will stop hostile elements from entering its territory.”

Israel maintains a military occupation of the West Bank, and controls all entry points to the territory.

Within the West Bank, indigenous Palestinians are routinely humiliated and harassed at Israeli military checkpoints, which stifle Palestinian movement in their own land.

Campaigners would prefer not to go to Tel Aviv in order to reach the West Bank, Napier said, adding that their sole ambition was to be able to travel to the occupied territory peacefully and freely.

“Because Israel destroyed the Palestinian airport, the only way into the West Bank is through Israeli-controlled checkpoints. We have to go through Tel Aviv [to get to the West Bank], but we don’t want to go through Tel Aviv,” he said.

The Welcome to Palestine campaign, otherwise known on social media as the ‘flytilla’, has received the high-profile endorsement of Archbishop Desmond Tutu, author Noam Chomsky, journalist John Pilger and the Palestinian ambassador to the UK.

( / 10.04.2012)

Statement of meeting between Kurdistan Islamic Group and the Kurdistan Islamic Union

Statement of meeting between Kurdistan Islamic Group and the Kurdistan Islamic Union

Yesterday, Saturday, 31/3/2012 Political Bureau of the Islamic Group and the Political Bureau of the Islamic Union hold a meeting at the headquarters of the Political Bureau of the Islamic Union in the city of Erbil, under the supervision of the Secretary-General of the Kurdistan Islamic Union Mamosta Salah al-Din and the Emir of the Islamic group Mamosta Ali Baber.

The meeting highlighted the current situation in Kurdistan and Iraq and the region and assesses the situation and takes appropriate measures to them.

On the other hand they discussed bilateral relations and the bilateral project work between the Kurdistan Islamic Union and the Kurdistan Islamic Group and agree on decisions and items contained in this project and put it in the application window and have formed a bilateral committee for this purpose.

It also declared the reform project of the radical opposition and answered three opposition parties and the public by the authority of Kurdistan.

And also discussed relations between the KRG and the central government in Baghdad and they admitted to calm the situation between them through peaceful meetings and the constructive discussions and to find peaceful solutions to them.

Political Bureau of Kurdistan Islamic Union
Political Bureau of Kurdistan Islamic Group

( / 10.04.2012) 

Netanyahu is using Oslo Accords to annex more West Bank land

Israel’s political and security establishment, as well as the legal system, view Area C – spreading over 60 percent of the West Bank – as an integral part of the country,

The director of an international organization working in the occupied territories told me he was recently asked by an IDF officer the meaning of the terms “Areas A, B and C.” Naturally, the NGO head answered that according to the Oslo Accords, A is the area under Palestinian civil and military control; B is under Palestinian civil control but Israeli military control; and C is under complete Israeli control.

“You are wrong,” the Israeli officer laughed. “A is for Arafat, B is for bollixed up and C is ours” (in what language, I wonder ). But anyone familiar with the situation on the West Bank, such as Yossi Beilin, knows this is no joke. The Israeli political and security establishment, as well as the legal system, view Area C – spreading over 60 percent of the West Bank – as an integral part of Israel. This is one reason why Beilin has suggested to Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas to bury the Oslo agreements, the baby at whose birth they were present nearly 19 years ago.

Amos Biderman

When Beilin convinced Yitzhak Rabin to shake Yasser Arafat’s hand, then-opposition head Benjamin Netanyahu was already marching in front of the coffin symbolizing the end of the accords. Even in his first term as prime minister, Netanyahu understood that the terms of Oslo were a precious etrog to be preserved in thick layers of cotton, but not to be eaten. The division into three areas of control, meant as a temporary, transitional stage on the way to a final agreement, turned into a “legal” repository for the settlement enterprise.

Upon his return as prime minister three years ago, Netanyahu got back Area C with any number of improvements; the designers of Ariel Sharon’s separation wall set their sights 10 years ago on scattered parts of Area B. The settlers saw that it was good, and facts on the ground followed, with and without aid from the state.

Wheels of West Bank justice

It’s now been six years since an investigation into the building of hundreds of illegal apartments in the Matitiyahu East neighborhood in the ultra-Orthodox settlement of Upper Modi’in. In April 2006, the State Prosecutor’s Office informed the High Court of Justice that the police fraud unit had opened a criminal investigation of local council head Yaakov Gutterman (now mayor ); developers and large building firms; Jewish land dealers who had acquired private Palestinian land; and lawyers and settler organizations involved in what they termed the “redemption” of land. As reported then in Haaretz, the petitioners – Peace Now and residents of the village of Bil’in (in Area B ), on whose land the neighborhood was built and the route of the separation wall set – gave the court land sale contracts suspected of being forged.

Explaining the length of the investigation, a Justice Ministry spokesman told Haaretz a new file was recently added to the case and new evidence came to light a few months ago. “The State Prosecutor’s Office is aware of the length of this investigation,” the spokesman said, “and is exerting much effort and continuing to examine it all the time, but has not yet come to a decision.”

We will wait patiently, but can’t be sure that Abbas will wait until Netanyahu and the settlers have fully marked the territory of Area C. According to Abbas’ plan, after a large majority of UN member nations recognize a Palestinian state within the 1967 borders, the Palestinian Authority will announce that all the territory east of the Green Line belongs to Palestine, without distinguishing between Arafat, what’s bollixed up and what’s “ours.”

Going over attorney general’s head

The problem with Area C is that Palestinians who happen to live there find it hard to understand that the land is “ours,” and they insist on remaining. Most of the residents have documents that testify to their ownership of land that has been annexed by settler outposts. Even the Israeli attorney general can’t make these lands “ours.” To get around this obstacle, Netanyahu set up a committee in January to examine the status of land in the West Bank. Headed by former Supreme Court Justice Edmond Levy, the panel has invited testimony from several human rights organizations, including Peace Now, B’Tselem and Yesh Din.

This week Yesh Din, whose name translates roughly to “the law exists” or “judgment exists,” prohibited its members from cooperating with the committee, which it considers illegitimate because it bypasses and challenges the authority of the attorney general. A letter to this effect, sent by Yesh Din board chairman Yair Rotlevy, notes that the Shamgar Committee (which sought to reform the process of appointing the attorney general, following the Bar-On/Hebron affair ) decided in 1998 that the attorney general is the government’s authorized and most senior interpreter of the law applying to all governmental branches, and that unless a court has ruled on an issue, the attorney general’s opinion is the government’s official one. The Shamgar Committee, which included three former justice ministers, decided that the government could not accept any external advice without the agreement of the attorney general.

Yesh Din’s leaders say in their letter that as far as they know, the Levy committee was not created with the knowledge of Attorney General Yehuda Weinstein, who has also informed Netanyahu that the committee’s recommendations will not be binding on him or his office. Former Attorney General Michael Ben-Yair of the Yesh Din board told Haaretz on Monday that in Weinstein’s place, he would have announced at the outset that he does not require the committee’s advice even it turns out to be close to his own position. He said the committee’s establishment infringes on the standing of the 350 employees of the Attorney General’s Office.

( / 10.04.2012)