PARIS — At least 112 countries around the world have formally recognized Palestine as a state, stretching from Africa to Asia, Europe to Latin America.
In Latin America, Uruguay and Peru joined the growing ranks of countries which recognized Palestine this year, with 12 out of the region’s 13 countries formally recognizing it as a state.
Only Colombia, a key ally of the United States in the region, has not followed that path.
In Central America, the Palestinian state has been recognized by Cuba, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras and El Salvador.
Arab countries have also recognized Palestine, including Syria in July of this year.
In Europe, Iceland has become the latest country to recognize Palestine, joining the Czech Republic, Hungary, Malta and Poland.
Around 150 countries maintain diplomatic relations with the Palestinians in one form or another.
Palestine currently has “observer” status at the United Nations, but in September, Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas formally asked the United Nations for full state membership.
In October, Palestine was granted full membership at the UN cultural organization, UNESCO, in a diplomatic victory won despite stiff resistance from the United States and Israel.
Earlier this week, Abbas urged the European Union to support their UN membership bid after the Palestinian flag was raised over the UNESCO’s headquarters for the first time.
Figures published by the Palestine Liberation Organisation indicate that 130 countries have recognized Palestine.
Icelandic foreign minister Oessur Skarphedinsson, at a ceremony in Reykjavik with Palestinian counterpart Riad Malki, addressed Malki directly: “This is the day I formally submit to you the declaration of Palestine independence in accordance with the will of the Icelandic parliament.”
Malki hailed the decision.
“It’s significant because [Iceland] belongs to Europe and it’s very important that this might create a very positive atmosphere for others to follow suit,” he told AFP.
The two also announced the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Nordic island nation and the Palestinians.
“There will be an ambassador from Iceland that will present his credentials to the Palestinians, a non-resident, and … we are contemplating the possibility of appointing an honorary consul, an Icelander, here for the time being,” Malki said.
Thursday’s ceremony at the Reykjavik Culture House follows two years of preparations and a vote in the Icelandic parliament, or Allthingi, on November 29 in favour of recognizing the Palestinian state on the borders that existed before the 1967 Middle East war.
It also comes two days after the Palestinian flag was raised for the first time above a United Nations agency, flying over the UNESCO headquarters in Paris as Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas attended a ceremony marking his people’s historic admission to the education, science and culture body.
Admission to UNESCO has however had no impact on the Palestinians’ bid for full UN membership. They would need nine votes out of 15 in the Security Council, but the United States has made clear that it would veto the bid if needed.
“It was quite important for them at this point in time,” Skarphedinsson told AFP.
“They have had setbacks in the Security Council and that is why we thought it would be right not to wait, but to go ahead now and I hope it will put some wind in their sails,” he added, pointing out that “it is very symbolic for them that a Western European nation, which is also in NATO, should at this moment step forward and recognise the sovereignty of Palestine.”
“The timing was perfect,” Malki agreed, pointing out that “it comes after a dry season” in terms of new recognitions of the Palestinian state.
More than 100 countries around the world have recognised the Palestinian state.
Within the European Union, of which Iceland is not yet a member, the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary and Malta have officially recognised Palestine.
Asked whether the latest recognition could help move the Middle East peace process forward, Malki said: “I hope so.”
While stressing that “for the time being there is no peace process,” the Palestinian foreign minister said he hoped the recognition would help put pressure on Israel to “rethink again how to approach the peace process in a very positive manner this time.”
Skarphedinsson meanwhile said he was sure Iceland’s decision carried weight.
“I noted that Iceland’s vote and Iceland’s determination on Palestine’s admittance to UNESCO mattered in a few places, so I’d like to hope that this will help,” he told AFP.
(news.nationalpost.com / 15.12.2011)