FACTBOX-Details on Palestinian group blamed for Israel attack

Israel has blamed a Palestinian faction, the Popular Resistance Committees
(PRC), of launching attacks along its border with Egypt that killed seven
Israelis on Thursday.

Within hours of the assault, the Israeli airforce struck back at the PRC,
which is based in Gaza, killing five of its members, including the leader and
his lieutenant.

Following are some details on the organisation, which denied involvement in
the attack in southern Israel:

– The PRC is an umbrella group that draws together former armed activists of
different factions. It was formed in the Gaza Strip in 2000 at start of a
Palestinian uprising for statehood.

– It counted numerous former security men from the Palestinian Authority’s
various security agencies among its ranks, including many disaffected members of
Fatah, which has since renounced violence against Israel. It operates
independently from the Islamist rulers of Gaza, Hamas.

However fighters from the two groups have staged joint coordinated attacks in
the past years and the PRC’s leaders took similar political positions to that of
Hamas regarding the Palestinian Authority’s peace moves with Israel.

– The group staged dozens of attacks against Israeli troops and Jewish
settlers during its early years. Among the attacks it claimed was a 2003 strike
against a U.S. diplomat, that killed three security guards, and the 2004 fatal
shooting of a pregnant settler and her four young daughters.

– In June 2006, the Israeli airforce killed PRC founder Jamal Abu Samhadana
in a targeted strike in Gaza. Shortly afterwards, the PRC was one of three
groups that claimed responsibility for the cross-border abduction of Israeli
soldier Gilad Shalit. He is still believed to be in captivity in Gaza.

– The design of their emblem is very similar to that used by the
Iranian-backed, Lebanese guerrilla group Hezbollah, with a fist holding up a
Kalashnikov. Israel believes the group gets backing from Hezbollah.

(mideastnews-danmike.blogspot.com / 18.08.2011)

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