Five wounded in Israeli raids on Gaza: Palestinians

Aug 16, 2011

JERUSALEM (AFP) – Israeli warplanes carried out five raids on the Gaza Strip early on Tuesday, wounding five people, Palestinian medics said.

The raids came after an Israeli police spokesman said that at least one rocket had been fired from the Gaza Strip at the southern town of Beersheva, without causing casualties.

The Palestinian sources said the first raid targeted Zeitun to the east of Gaza City, seriously wounding three people, while two other Palestinians were wounded in two separate raids, also east of the city. Two further raids were carried out east of Khan Yunis and against a tunnel dug under the border with Egypt near Rafah, both in the south of the Strip, but no one was wounded.

An Israeli military spokesman did not immediately confirm or deny the attacks. Israeli public radio said a second rocket had been fired at Beersheva, but it was not immediately clear where it landed.

(www.straitstimes.com / 16.08.2011)

Abbas, Suleiman Reject Resettlement of Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon

BEIRUT,
August 16, 2011 (WAFA) – President Mahmoud Abbas and his Lebanese counterpart
Michel Suleiman Tuesday asserted their total rejection to permanent resettlement
of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon.

In a meeting in the Lebanese
Presidential Palace, Abbas said, “The Palestinian refugees’ existence in Lebanon
is temporary, which is under the Lebanese law.”

He added,
“Palestinian refugees are temporary guests, who abide by the Lebanese law and
Sovereignty. We believe that there are no Palestinian weapons to protect
Palestinians, but they are under the protection of Lebanon.”

Abbas thanked the Lebanese
government and people for the official announcement to exchange full diplomatic
relations between the countries.

On his part, Suleiman stressed
that the Palestinian refugee’s situation in Lebanon must be given more
attention, considering that refugee camps’ security is part of Lebanon’s
national security.

He added, “  The sovereignty of
Lebanon is not comprehensive without promoting Lebanon’s control over the entire
Lebanese territories…we seek to compel Israel to implement resolution 1707 in
corporation with the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), it is our
legal right to gain control over our occupied land by all means.”

(networkedblogs.com / 16.08.2011)

Donors help keep Palestinians in cages

August 16, 2011

“Israel besieges us, puts us in cantons — in cages — and the
international community is feeding us in these cages. It’s anything but
developmental and it’s helping Israel’s colonization, ethnic cleansing and
dispossession,” Dr. Samia Botmeh said, as she sat in her office in the Center
for Development Studies (CDS) at Birzeit University near
Ramallah in the occupied West Bank.

Despite the massive amounts of development aid that have been poured into the
West Bank, the productive capacity of the Palestinian economy — measured by
examining the agricultural and manufacturing sectors — is half that of 1994, and
accounts for no more than 12 percent of employment. While the World Bank and
Palestinian Authority boast an 8 percent growth in gross domestic product (GDP), real per capita income is still 8.4 percent
lower than what it was in 1999, signifying that the GDP
growth is not reflective of income growth for the average Palestinian.

Egypt provides an elucidative comparison. Two decades of serious neo-liberal
reforms produced a GDP growth in Egypt that was
similarly applauded by the International Monetary Fund (IMF): between 2006 and 2008, GDP grew
7 percent and there was a 4.6 percent spike in 2009 alone. However, as was made
stunningly clear at the end of January, the country’s GDP growth had not trickled down to the majority of the
people: unemployment had actually increased and 40 percent of the population
lived on less than two dollars per day.

With former IMF representative Salam Fayyad at the
helm since 2007, the PA has adopted the strategy of
neo-liberal “good governance” as its framework for the state-building project.
As post-colonial states have done in the past, the PA
has sought to create an environment conducive for efficient and free-flowing
markets by privatizing public services, emphasizing private property rights and
reducing corruption. This agenda — state-building through neo-liberal policies —
is most patently set forth in
a PA program
titled “Ending the Occupation,
Establishing a State.”

As Mustaq H. Khan, an economics professor at London’s School of Oriental and
Afrian Studies, pointed out in a lecture in Ramallah last winter, the injection
of development aid into Palestine has deceptively flattered the PA’s good governance program, leading onlookers and promoters
such as the IMF and World Bank to attribute the boost in
GDP to a successful market economy (“Post-Oslo
State-Building Strategies and their Limitation
,” 1 December 2010 [PDF]).

There is still a stark contrast between the perceived improvement in the
Palestinian economy and the actual standard of living for the majority of
Palestinians. Development aid — which comprises roughly 40 percent of
Palestine’s GDP — has been complicit in obscuring
economic reality and in some cases truncating Palestine’s struggle for
national liberation.

In June 2011, Birzeit University held a conference at which activists and
academics spoke with donors and a representative from the PA on the failures of development, as well as the troubling
role development aid plays in Palestine’s national movement.

“The framework of
development is extremely unrealistic and problematic,” Dr. Samia Botmeh told The
Electronic Intifada. The framework under scrutiny at Birzeit was the United
Nations Development Programme’s Conflict-Related Development Analysis (CDA), which seeks to maximize the impact of development aid in
conflict zones.

Botmeh added that the current international framework for assessing
development aid in the West Bank treats the Israeli-occupied region either as a
conflict zone or a post-colonial zone. “This is completely unrealistic because
we are not in a conflict, we are in a colonization process,” she said.

The conference took place after the university’s Center for Development
Studies concluded a project commissioned by the UNDP
that examined how development funds could be better allocated in the occupied
West Bank and Gaza Strip amid Israel’s continued occupation.

Because the CDA framework attempts to implement
“development” projects while avoiding any political position, the study found
that it implicitly assumes both parties have a reason to compromise. This
fundamentally flawed approach refuses to acknowledge — and therefore address —
the stark power imbalance that allows Israel to remain intransigent.

Realizing that reallocating funds would not address the fundamental
hindrances to achieving economic self-determination through development in
Palestine, the center articulated what development should look like in the
context of an active colonization process. “Development should be about more
than helping people survive; it should be about ending colonization,”
Botmeh explained.

The Center for Development Studies’ critique shows how development fails to
achieve much of anything tangible for Palestinians, and — even more ominously —
serves to fortify Israel’s occupation and further annexation of land.

Development confined to “state-building”

After the implementation of policies dictated by the Oslo Accords, signed
by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in the mid-1990s,
international aid to Palestine took a turn toward development. Previously, aid
to Palestine was earmarked for “humanitarian” purposes such as UN operations and charity. With the establishment of the
Palestinian Authority as a transitional government, development aid was
ostensibly intended to promote an independent economy that would facilitate a
smooth transition to a Palestinian state.

After 18 years of an ostensible peace process — of which the agency of the
Palestinian national liberation struggle has been confined to a “state-building”
project by the PA and Israel — Palestinians’ standards
of living have decreased, while inequality has increased.

Botmeh believes that the underlying assumption of this development aid is
that it is being funnelled into a post-colonial state and that Israel has an
intention to withdraw from the West Bank and Gaza Strip. These assumptions,
blatantly oblivious to any political reality, have allowed development aid to
reinforce Israel’s colonization through the continued degradation of Palestine’s
territorial contiguity and the ongoing depopulation of Area C — more than 60
percent of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, that is under full Israeli
military control.

Under the Oslo accords, the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip were carved up
into areas A, B and C, the last of which is administered and controlled by the
Israeli government and its military. Israel has declared three-quarters of the
land as “closed military zones” or nature reserves, and therefore “off-limits”
to Palestinians. Approximately 40,000 Palestinians live in Area C.

The 1999 deadline for the termination of the West Bank’s geographic
stratification into Areas A, B and C has long passed. Far from assisting in the
formation of a viable state, development aid has served to entrench the
partitioning of the land.

Peter Lundberg, a representative of the Swedish International Development
Cooperation Agency, confirms these faults in the current development paradigm in
Palestine. Speaking from the perspective of an international donor, Lundberg
excoriated the complicity of development aid in fragmenting Palestinians by only
working in Area A due to Israeli restrictions in Area C.

“Donors and the PA have been too focused on state-building, which is
important, but they are going to lose critical parts of the land,” Lundberg
said. “Development should help Palestinians stay on their land; too many have
left [their land in] Area C.”

Because implementing projects in Israeli-controlled Area C are logistically
burdensome and in many cases impossible, donors are inclined to contribute to
projects in Area A.

According to Lundberg’s statistics, there has been an exodus of Palestinians
from Area C mostly due to the impossible living conditions Israel has created
and the predatory nature of surrounding settlements. Israel does not allow
communities to be connected to sources of water or electricity and refuses
nearly every request for a building permit, thus leading to the destruction of
water-collecting devices, schools and homes. In contrast, settlements sitting
next to these Palestinian villages are afforded free-running water, electricity,
roads and expanding infrastructure.

In 1967 there were approximately 200,000 Palestinians living in the Jordan
Valley, which is designated Area C, except for the Palestinian city of Jericho.
Today, there are only 56,000, 40,000 of whom live in Jericho (in Area A),
according to statistics from the international aid agency Save the Children.

The devastating picture that these statistics reveal is that donors have been
complicit in aiding Israel’s process of cantonizing the West Bank into the 18
percent that comprises Area A. By doing so they have helped to surrender the
majority of the West Bank’s land and agriculture — which could form the basis of
a genuine self-sustainable Palestinian economy and state — to
Israel’s control.

Neo-liberalism undermining Palestinian rights
for self-determination

Raja Khalidi, a senior economist with the United Nations Conference on Trade
and Development (UNCTAD), has written that the
development enterprise — representing $1.5 billion a year — is taking place
inside territories that have been tagged by the World Bank, European Union,
IMF and United States as a site for expanding a
neo-liberal project (see “Neoliberalism
as Liberation: The Statehood Program and the Remaking of the Palestinian
National Movement
,” Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol 40, no. 2,
Winter 2011).

In the PA’s neo-liberal paradigm — as enshrined in
the “Palestinian Reform and Development Plan” of 2008-10 and “Ending the
Occupation, Establishing the State” — economic growth is promised as a
consolation for occupation rather than a strategy to resist it.

Speaking at the conference, Khalidi remarked on the absurdity of such an
agenda in the context of an occupation that ultimately determines Palestine’s
economy. “For the last three years, the PA has been
routing out internal obstacles to state-building, while the PA has no structure to tackle external obstacles,”
he said.

Moreover, without sovereignty, genuine economic growth is out of reach.
Khalidi explained that the PA is not only unable to
counteract Israel’s aggressive policies of colonization but it also does not
have the ability to exercise control over Palestine’s macro-economic policies —
such as its own currency and control over interest or exchange rates.

Development aid has long been faulted for its inadvertent assistance in
sustaining the occupation by reducing its humanitarian impact and thus making it
more palatable. However, Omar Barghouti, a
leading figure of the boycott,
divestment and sanctions
(BDS) movement, revealed
the disingenuous nature of international development aid.

“Development exudes
complicity in colonialism; it’s intentional and it’s complicit — ignorance is
not an excuse,” he said at the conference.

Barghouti proffered several examples of countries throwing some money at the
cause of development in Palestine while concurrently supporting projects or
companies that actively undermine Palestinian sovereignty.

Veolia, a French
transportation corporation that according to Barghouti is mostly owned by the
state, is currently building Jerusalem’s
new light rail system
. The Jerusalem light rail connects West Jerusalem to
illegal settlement blocs in occupied East Jerusalem. Despite targeted pressure
on Veolia to withdraw from the light rail project — part of a global BDS campaign that has cost the company up to $10 billion,
according to Barghouti — the company and by extension France have held onto
their contract with Israel.

Restoring class struggle to the national
liberation struggle

Adam Hanieh, a
lecturer in development studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies,
situates development aid in the longer arc of Israel’s colonization of the land
through systematic fragmentation of the Palestinian people and nation. In his
lecture at Birzeit, Hanieh restored the importance of class struggle to the goal
of national liberation and exposed development aid as working against
Palestinian unity undivided by wealth or class, against the occupation.

“Sixty-three years of
colonization have seen the division, fragmentation and fracturing of the
Palestinian people. Development must confront this fragmentation, not aid it,”
Hanieh explained to the audience.

Illustrating how neo-liberalism has encouraged the notion that the solutions
to problems are individual in nature rather than collective, Hanieh stressed
that much of the “development” one sees arising in the West Bank benefits
Israeli business. For example, consumption in Ramallah’s flourishing restaurant
and café culture is mostly funded by this development aid — and in turn sustains
the importation of Israeli products. Poignantly, this new consumer class —
enabled by development aid — creates one more isolated stratum of
Palestinian society.

All this continues against the backdrop of the regional popular uprisings
against, among other things, neo-liberal policies. These uprisings showcase an
exemplary shaking off of dictators and the present world order and the inspiring
potential of class struggle.

If development aid programmes set freedom — rather than the introduction of a
neo-liberal state — as their principal objective for Palestinians, then they may
begin to counter the 63-year process of confiscation and colonization.
Otherwise, they will be offering that process a helping hand.

(www.uruknet.de / 16.08.2011)

Medics: Gaza teenager shot dead suffered more than 10 gunshots in head & upper body

GAZA CITY (Ma’an) — Israeli forces shot dead a Palestinian teenager near the central Gaza Strip city of Deir Al-Balah late Tuesday, medical officials reported.

Medics said the Palestinian, who was not identified, suffered “more than 10″ gunshots to the head and upper body after soldiers east of the Al-Masdar area opened fire.

Gaza health ministry official Adham Abu Salmiya told Ma’an that an ambulance crew transferred the teenager’s body to the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Hospital in central Gaza.

An Israeli military spokeswoman told Ma’an that “IDF forces opened fire at a suspect approaching the security fence. The forces identified a hit,” the official said.

The teenager had approached the border east of the refugee camp of Maghazi in central Gaza, Agence France-Presse quoted Palestinian witnesses as saying.

Earlier, Abu Selmiya said Israeli airstrikes killed one man and injured seven others in the central and southern Gaza Strip, in what the army called retaliation for a rocket attack hours before.

(occupiedpalestine.wordpress.com / 16.08.2011)

Settlers Set Fire to Palestinian Land in Nablus

Jewish settlers Tuesday set fire to Palestinian agricultural lands north of
Nablus, According to Ghassan Daghlas, in charge of monitoring Israeli settlers’
activity in the northern West Bank.

He said that settlers set fire
to agricultural lands planted with trees, in the surrounding areas of the
evacuated settlement ‘Homish’.

He added that the fires are still burning in
the Palestinian fields, near villages adjacent to the settlements.

(mideastnews-danmike.blogspot.com / 16.08.2011)

For first time, foreign worker’s child born and educated in Israel to be deported

Arrest of four-year-old girl whose mother is from the Philippines points to further implementation of new Israeli new policy.

In an unprecedented move, the Interior Ministry announced Tuesday that it intends on deporting a four-year-old girl, the daughter of a foreign worker, who was born and educated in Israel.

Israel’s Population and Immigration Authority on Tuesday arrested the girl and her mother, originally from the Philippines, who are currently in a holding facility in Ben-Gurion International Airport, ahead of their deportation from the country.

The four-year-old was born in Israel and since then has been attending kindergartens in the Tel Aviv Municipality.

Last March, Interior Minister Eli Yishai announced his decision to postpone the deportation of foreign workers’ children who go to Israeli schools and kindergartens,  so the state began deporting smaller children. Last month Yishai’s postponement period expired and Tuesday marks the first time the Interior Ministry announced the deportation of a girl who studied in the Israeli education system.

The arrest, two weeks before the beginning of the school year, marks the beginning of the implementation of the deportation policy agreed upon by the government in August, 2010. According to the new policy, children who are in the Israeli education system but do not meet the criteria which was decided upon, will be deported from Israel.

The Population and Immigration Authority said in response, “We are working according to a government decision. One of the explicit conditions of the decision is that a child must be enrolled at least in compulsory kindergarten (around age 5) in the year before the decision was made in order to avoid deportation. Until now, as long as we found children who were far from meeting the criteria, we did not check the type of educational institution the child was enrolled in. In this specific case, the girl did not meet the criteria despite her impending enrollment in preschool.”

(www.haaretz.com / 16.08.2011)

Abbas in Lebanon to rally support for UN bid

BEIRUT (AFP) — President Mahmoud Abbas arrived in Beirut Tuesday to seek support for the Palestinian bid for UN membership in September, which will come as Lebanon serves as head of the Security Council.

Abbas will meet with President Michel Sleiman, Prime Minister Najib Mikati and other leaders during a two-day stay, a government official said on condition of anonymity.

Lebanon is one of 10 non-permanent current members of the United Nations Security Council and will serve as president of the council in September. It is expected to support the bid.

Following the collapse of direct peace talks with Israel in September last year, the Palestinians adopted a diplomatic strategy aimed at securing UN recognition for a state within the frontiers that existed before the 1967 Six-Day War.

They now plan to present their bid for UN membership on September 20, despite Israeli opposition.

Lebanon, which remains technically in a state of war with Israel, approved the recognition of a Palestinian state within the 1967 borders in November 2008 but the decision was never implemented.

Mikati’s cabinet, in which Iranian-backed Hezbollah and its allies hold majority, last week agreed to apply the decision, making Lebanon the last Arab country to recognize a Palestinian state.

The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian refugees estimates that some 425,000 Palestinian refugees reside in Lebanon, a country with a population of four million. Other estimates however put the number at some 250,000.

By long-standing convention, the Lebanese army does not enter the country’s 12 refugee camps, leaving security inside the destitute camps to the Palestinians.

(www.maannews.net / 16.08.2011)

‘West not after peace in Palestine’

Interview with Saeb Shaath, Author & Middle East Affairs Analyst

Israel’s new plan for the construction of hundreds of settler units in the occupied East Jerusalem al-Quds lands has prompted international criticism.

The UN, European Union and Russia have condemned the final approval for the building of 1,600 settler units in the Ramat Shlomo neighborhood of East Jerusalem al-Quds by the Israeli interior ministry, saying the move undermines the two-state solution and efforts to resume Palestinian-Israeli talks.

Press TV has interviewed Saeb Shaath, author and Middle East affairs analyst from Belfast, to further talk over the issue.

The following is a rough transcription of the interview, which is also supported by two other guests:

Press TV: In 2004, the International Court of Justice Ruling said in ruling that “Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem Al-Quds, are illegal and an obstacle to peace and to economic and social development [… and] have been established in breach of international law.”

Despite the ruling, Israel continues to build more settlements and even the US cannot or does not stop it. Do you see any resolve on the part of the international community to stop Israel or not?

Shaath: … about the scientific achievement of Israel, … I want to say just one point. In 1947, the French contributed a nuclear research center to the Haganah terrorist organization before the establishment of Israel to use it in achieving its aims of establishing Israel and kicking the Palestinians out of their homeland.

Most of the western countries contributing and building that advanced state in there [is] to intimidate and to occupy and to torture the people of the Arab world. … that will go back to the international community and all of that. It is hypocrisy.

When we look at the EU condemning and they are not accepting and the United States of America [is] even pressurizing the Palestinians to stop their bid for the United Nations or otherwise it will stop financing this and that.

First of all, the Palestinian entity in the West Bank, the Palestinian authority in the West Bank, is backed by the west, backed by the United States of America and backed by the European community and those people are hypocrites and they do not support any sort of peace settlements or peace move in there. They just issue some empty slogans without anything on the ground to be done.

The Europeans stopped treating with Israel on a record of human rights records as they claim. They could have influenced Israel in million ways of the United Nations Resolution, 65 resolutions there in the United Nations regarding the Palestinians.

When it comes to Palestinians, they do not care. They just want to keep Israel stronger and stronger and they try with the rhetoric acclaimed the high morally ground in here. It is absolute double standards in here.

The only way to stop that I say is [that] the Palestinians [should] intensify their resistance because the Israeli occupation is a cheap occupation. They have to be costing them a lot and the Palestinians have to hurt them hard so [that] they can withdraw from the occupied territories.

Press TV: Do you think that there is democracy in Israel?

Shaath: First of all, you cannot compare a Zionist state like Israel to nation states, historical nation states, from thousands of years being built and developed and struggled to achieve their status in the international community like Britain or France.

This is [an] unacceptable comparison to compare this Zionist apartheid state like Israel with the French or the British and from there those people [who] are the Zionist thugs came and robbed historical Palestine and [established] massacres… I do not want to go in there.

So you cannot compare and that [is] totally unacceptable. Then when you see peace and this and that, it is the might against the right. That was what was used in Palestine, a gun in the head of the helpless Palestinians.

You take this or you accept that. That is which contradicts with justice. Justice in here is [that] the Palestinians have to go back to their homes.

It is not even about two-state solutions because as I see with what is happening now, the Israelis are grabbing the best lands of Jerusalem to make a Jewish city totally, the West Bank [and] the best lands to annex the West Bank to Israel. [There is] no hope for two-state solutions.

Only they are planning for cantons-state and there are three cantons-states to put the Arab-Palestinians in it under military rule of Israel and call it an independent Palestinian state.

That is reject-able. Wait for Palestinian people [who] will [have] their third Intifada against all of that. They try to appease their population, the middle class in their demonstration, with building settlements in the West Bank and more cheap housing so they can shut the social protests in there.

Even if you look at that, that protest is racist, only for white western Israelis, not covering all the sides of the fabrics of society.

(www.presstv.ir / 16.08.2011)

VN onderzoeken massale diefstal voedselhulp Somalië

Duizenden zakken met voedsel bestemd voor de Somalische slachtoffers van de grote hongersnood die het gebied teistert, zijn gestolen en worden doorverkocht in lokale winkels. Dat blijkt uit onderzoek dat persbureau AP ter plaatse deed.De diefstal is een zoveelste slag in het gezicht van de duizenden wanhopige vluchtelingen die naar Mogadishu zijn getrokken op zoek naar hulp. Een woordvoerder van het World Food Program (WFP) van de Verenigde Naties heeft toegegeven dat de VN al twee maanden bezig zijn met een onderzoek naar de diefstallen. De woordvoerder zei tegen AP dat de ‘schaal en intensiteit’ van de crisis niet toelaten om de hulp op te schorten om de diefstallen af te straffen. ‘Als we dat doen, riskeren we vele onnodige doden’.

Volgens de VN hebben zo’n 3,2 miljoen mensen-ofwel de halve populatie van Somalië- dringend nood aan hulp nadat de regio getroffen werd door een lange periode van droogte. De desastreuze gevolgen van het uitblijven van regen worden nog versterkt door de gevolgen van een oorlog die Somalië al jaren verscheurt.

Meer dan 455.000 Somaliërs leven in gebieden die onder controle staan van aan al-Qaeda gelinkte terroristische militanten. Dat maakt het verstrekken van hulp moeilijk en risicovol. Volgens de VN zijn al zeker 29.000 kinderen onder de vijf jaar gestorven ten gevolge van de hongersnood.

Verkeerde handen

Internationale afgevaardigden vermoedden al langer dat een deel van de hulpgoederen die naar Somalië verscheept worden, in verkeerde handen valt. Maar de omvang van de diefstal doet de vraag rijzen of de VN wel in staat zijn om de slachtoffers van de ramp daadwerkelijk te bereiken. Het zet echter ook vraagtekens bij de bereidheid van lokale hulpprojecten en de Somalische overheid zelf tot het bestrijden van de corruptie. Bovendien twijfelen sommigen aan het feit of de hulp niet bijdraagt aan het in stand houden van de burgeroorlog die Somalië al twintig jaar in zijn greep houdt.

‘Wanneer je ondervoede mensen helpt, draag je ook bij aan de bestendiging van de macht van groeperingen die een slaatje slaan uit de ramp’, zegt Joakim Gundel, directeur van Katani Consult, een bedrijf in Nairobi dat regelmatig wordt ingeschakeld als consultant voor de internationale voedselhulp aan Somalië. ‘Je redt mensen het leven, zodat ze morgen vermoord kunnen worden’, aldus Gundel.

Plumpy’nut

Grote stapels zakken met voedsel met stempels van de WFP, de Amerikaanse en Japanse overheid zijn te koop op de markten van Mogadishu. Onder meer zakken graan en mais, en potten Plumpy’nut- een calorierijke pindakaas, speciaal ontworpen voor ondervoede kinderen- zijn gewoon te koop in de winkeltjes van de hoofdstad.

Een medewerker van de VN in Mogadishu zei tegen AP te weten dat voedselpakketten massaal worden gestolen door criminele zakenmannen. Het zou om zeker de helft van de totale hoeveelheid gaan.  Het percentage lag ooit lager, maar door de enorme toevloed aan hulppakketten in de afgelopen weken, zonder strenge controle op de verdeling, is een waar paradijs voor criminele handelaars ontstaan.

Het stelen van voedselpakketten is niet nieuw in Somalië. Het was de belangrijkste reden voor Amerika om hun leger naar het land te sturen ten tijde van de hongersnood van 1992. De operatie eindigde vlak na de veldslag bekend als Black Hawk Down.

Er zijn geen aanwijzingen dat het Amerikaanse leger ook dit keer plannen heeft tussen te komen in het geteisterde gebied. Een woordvoerder van het WFP liet in een verklaring weten dat de organisatie de controle en het toezicht op de voedselverdeling heeft opgeschroefd. ‘Echter, door het gebrek aan toegang tot vele gebieden ten gevolge van veiligheidsrisico’s zullen de humanitaire hulplijnen extreem kwetsbaar blijven voor plunderingen en gewelddadige aanvallen door gewapende groeperingen’, aldus de verklaring.

(www.ad.nl / 16.08.2011)