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Israeli Soldiers Injure Eight Palestinians In Gaza

23 MAR
8:48 PM

Israeli soldiers shot, Friday, eight young Palestinian men, including one who suffered a serious injury, after the army attacked protesters along the border fence, in several parts of the besieged coastal region.

Spokesperson of the Palestinian Health Ministry in Gaza, Dr. Ashraf al-Qedra, said the soldiers shot a young man, 18 years of age, with a live round in the face, north of Beit Hanoun, in northern Gaza.

He added that the young man was rushed to Beit Hanoun hospital, and was later moved to the Indonesian hospital, in Jabalia, in northern Gaza, due to the seriousness of his condition.

Dr. Al-Qedra also said that another young man was shot in the face, near Nahal Oz military base across the border fence, east of the Sheja’eyya neighborhood, east of Gaza city.

Furthermore, the soldiers shot and moderately injured a young man with a live round in the leg, east of Gaza city, before he was rushed to the Shifa medical center.

Another Palestinian, 25, was moderately injured with a live round, east of Khan Younis, in the northern part of the Gaza Strip.

Four more Palestinians were also shot with live rounds in their legs, and suffered moderate wounds, east of al-Boreij, in central Gaza.

Many Palestinians suffered the severe effects of teargas inhalation in several parts of the coastal region and received the needed treatment by local medics.

(Source / 23.03.2018)

Army Injures Five Palestinians In Kufur Qaddoum

23 MAR
9:35 PM

Israeli soldiers attacked, Friday, the weekly procession in Kufur Qaddoum town, east of Qalqilia in the northern part of the occupied West Bank, and injured five Palestinians, including a child and a cameraman working for Palestine TV.

Morad Eshteiwi, the media coordinator of the Popular Committee against the Annexation Wall and Colonies in Kufur Qaddoum, said the soldiers resorted to the excessive use of force and fired dozens of rubber-coated steel bullets, gas bombs and concussion grenades.

He added that the army injured five young men, including Palestinian TV cameraman Mohammad Enaya, and a child.

Two of the wounded Palestinians were rushed to Darwish Nazzal hospital, in Qalqilia, and the rest received treatment by local medics.

Furthermore, the soldiers invaded and ransacked many homes, and attacked several Palestinians.

Eshteiwi stated that the Palestinians will continue to protest the ongoing illegal Israeli occupation, its colonies and Annexation Wall, and will fight for their legitimate rights, until liberation and independence, and establishing a sovereign Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital.

He added that the Palestinians will not surrender to this occupation, and will continue to resist it, and reject the illegal US recognition of occupied Jerusalem as the unified capital of Israeli, in direct violation of International Law and various United Nations and Security Council resolutions.

The Palestinians, accompanied by international peace activists, have been holding weekly processions against the illegal Israeli colonies and the Annexation Wall, and demanding the army to reopen the town’s main road, which was blockaded fifteen years ago, to enable easy access for colonialist settlers driving to and from Kedumim illegal colony, which was built on private Palestinian lands.

(Source / 23.03.2018)

Israeli extremist settlers organise Jewish celebration in Umayyad Palaces in Jerusalem

Muslim worshippers arrive at Al-Aqsa Mosque compound to perform Friday Prayer in Jerusalem, on 15 December 2017

The Jewish Temple Institute announced that it will hold a festival in the Islamic Umayyad palaces area to the south and southwest of Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem on 26 March.

The Jerusalem-based Department of Waqf and Islamic Affairs said in a statement on Thursday that the Temple Institute announced on its website that it will organise the massive festival, noting that it has received approval from the Israeli police.

The department added that the Institute “has already started preparations for the festival by setting up the Holocaust altar and cooking utensils and offerings to present them next Sunday; a day before the festival”.

The department reiterated that the Umayyad palaces and all that surrounds the Al-Aqsa Mosque are an integral part of the Islamic Waqf, which is a pure right for Muslims, and no one has the right to attack or change its function.

Read: Settlers attack Palestinians while Israeli soldiers stand by, watch

“This is a Judaization step that will not be tolerated. It is rejected because silence about it will give the settlers the green light to crawl into the Al-Aqsa Mosque” it said.

The statement warned the Israeli police of moving forward with the festival saying it will provoke the Muslims feelings.

On Thursday, as many as 82 Jewish settlers stormed the al-Aqsa Mosque under the Israeli police protection.

(Source / 23.03.2018)

IOF arrests two youths, confiscates money

During dawn raids in al-Khalil

Raids al-Khalil, confiscates money

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) rounded up two young men and confiscated a sum of money during raids in al-Khalil at dawn Thursday.

The PIC reporter said that Palestinian youths tossed Molotov cocktails at a bus for settlers near the Karmi Tzur settlement and started fire in the bus but no injuries were reported.

He added that a big number of IOF patrols rushed to the scene and started combing the nearby groves in search of the young men.

Confrontations were also reported near Halhoul village to the north of al-Khalil after IOF soldiers broke into the home of a martyr and searched it at the pretext of looking for weapons.

On their exit from the house they were confronted by angry youths throwing stones at the soldiers, who responded by firing teargas canisters some of which exploded in a nearby house causing suffocation among its inhabitants.

The PIC reporter said that Palestinian civil defense squads arrived at the house and evacuated its inhabitants and offered them field treatment.

Meanwhile, two young men were rounded up by the IOF soldiers one in al-Khalil city and another in Daheriya town to the south of the city.

The IOF spokesman also said that 100,000 shekels were confiscated from citizens in Yatta town in al-Khalil, claiming they were supposed to be used for anti-occupation activity.

(Source / 22.03.2018)

Israeli policemen arrest wounded child in hospital

Wounded child arrested

Israeli occupation police broke into Makased hospital in Occupied Jerusalem on Thursday morning and arrested a wounded Palestinian child.

The Hebrew website 0404 reported that a police unit was attacked with rock and firebombs during a raid on Tur neighborhood to the east of Occupied Jerusalem on Friday night.

It added that a Palestinian child was injured in the confrontations that ensued in the neighborhood and was hospitalized.

Quds Press, for its part, said that an Israeli police patrol broke into the Makased hospital and took away a wounded child, who was being treated there.

It identified the child as 14-year-old Assadudeen Abul Hawa, adding that he is a resident of the Tur neighborhood.

(Source / 22.03.2018)

Israeli Soldiers Abduct Eighteen Palestinians In Shu’fat Refugee Camp

22 MAR
8:23 AM

Dozens of Israeli soldiers invaded, on Thursday at dawn, Shu’fat refugee camp, in the center of occupied East Jerusalem in the West Bank, for the second day in a row, searched many homes and abducted at least eighteen Palestinians.

The soldiers stormed the refugee camp, before invading and violently searching dozens of homes, causing excessive damage, in addition to using K9 units during the search.

They destroyed doors, windows, furniture and other types of property during violent searches of both homes and shops and abducted nineteen Palestinians, in addition to summing many for interrogation.

It is worth mentioning that the soldiers abducted, Wednesday, twenty Palestinians during similar dawn invasions into the refugee camp.

The Palestinians who were abducted, on Thursday at dawn, have been identified as:

  1. Ibrahim Alqam.
  2. Jamil Alqam.
  3. Mahmoud Alqam.
  4. Eyad Ziyada.
  5. Amin Ziyada.
  6. Khalil Ziyada.
  7. Moath al-Bayya’.
  8. Mustafa al-Bayya’.
  9. Ahmad Salayma.
  10. Samah Abu Zayed.
  11. Ra’ad Taweel.
  12. Mohammad Ali.
  13. Yousef Musleh Ali.
  14. Ahmad Mohammad Ali.
  15. Dirar Musleh Mohammad Ali.
  16. Eyad Haikal al-‘Emwasi.
  17. Majd Kayyala.
  18. Montaser Resheq.

(Source / 22.03.2018)

PCHR Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (15 – 21 March 2018)

22 MAR
7:58 PM

Israeli forces continued with systematic crimes in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) for the week of 15 – 21 March, 2018.

Israeli forces continued to use excessive force against the peaceful protests, while 37 Palestinian civilians, including 12 children and a photojournalist, were wounded in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.



During the reporting period, Israeli forces wounded 37 Palestinian civilians, including 12 children and a photojournalist, in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.  In the Gaza Strip as well, the Israeli forces continued to chase the Palestinian fishermen in the Gaza Sea, target the border areas, and carry airstrikes against objectives belongs to the Palestinian Armed Groups and open lands.


In the West Bank, on 20 March 2018, 6 civilians, including a child, were wounded when a group of “Mista’arvim” undercover units dressed like Palestinian civilians sneaked into Burin village, west of Jenin, to carry out an arrest mission.


On 21 March 2018, a 45-year-old Palestinian civilian was wounded with a rubber boat to the abdomen when the Israeli forces moved into al-Moghir village, northeast of Ramallah, to arrested civilians.


Moreover, 4 Palestinian civilians, including a child, paramedic, and photojournalist, were wounded after Israeli forces opened fire at them and fired tear gas canisters directly at them during protests and stone-throwing at the Israeli soldiers stationed at the entrances to the Palestinian villages in the West Bank.  These demonstrations are organized by Palestinian civilians in protest against the American President’s decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and against the Israeli settlement activities and land confiscations.


In the Gaza Strip, 16 Palestinian civilians, including 10 children, were wounded after Israeli forces fired bullets and tear gas canisters at them directly during protests and stone-throwing at the Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel.  These demonstrations are organized by Palestinian civilians in protest against the American President’s decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and against the closure imposed on the Gaza Strip for 11 years consecutively.


As part of targeting fishermen in the sea, the Israeli forces continued to escalate their attacks against fishermen in the Gaza Sea, indicating to the on-going Israeli policy of targeting their livelihoods.  PCHR’s fieldworkers monitored 10 shooting incidents; 7 in north-western Beit Lahia and 3 others in Western Soudaniyah, west of Jabalia in the northern Gaza Strip.


As part of targeting the border areas, on 15 March 2018, Israeli forces stationed in the watchtowers, east of Jabalia in the northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at the border area in addition to firing 6 artillery shells; one of which fell on a checkpoint belonging to the Palestinian Armed Groups while the other shells fell on agricultural lands and open areas.  On the same day, the Israeli artillery fired one shells at an open area, north of the Agriculture School in northern Beit Hanoun, but no casualties were reported.  On the same day, the Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip opened fire at the agricultural lands, but no casualties were reported.


On 17 March 2018, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel opened fire at the Palestinian agricultural lands, east of al-Bureij.  The shooting recurred sporadically in the same area on Tuesday afternoon, 20 March 2018, until 09:00 next day.  However, no casualties were reported.


As part of airstrikes, on 15 March 2018, the Israeli warplanes launched 4 missiles at military training sites belonging to al-Qassam Brigades on Khalil al-Wazir Stree in Beit Hanoun in the northern Gaza Strip.  Three missiles fell on the site as two exploded causing material damage to the site while the fourth missile exploded in the playground of Beit Hanoun Services Club Stadium adjacent to the training site from the northern side.  No casualties were reported.

Efforts to Create Jewish Majority in occupied East Jerusalem:


As part of house demolitions, on 17 March 2018, Ishaq Shweiki self-demolished his house in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, upon the Israeli municipality’s decision and to avoid the high fines. Shweiki said that the house, which was built 6 years ago of gypsum and sheet iron, is a 50-square-meter second floor and he was forced to self-demolish it after threatening to impose on him fines and demolitions costs ranging between 50 to 60 thousands shekels and for not causing damage to the ground floor.


On 20 March 2018, Faisal Jom’ah self-demolished his house in al-Mukaber Mount neighborhood, southeast of occupied Jerusalem’s Old City, implanting an order by the Israeli municipality under the pretext of building without a license.  Faisal said that he built his house 6 months ago and tried to license it but the Israeli municipality refused.  He added that the house was built on an area of 150 square meters and sheltered his family comprised of 6 members, including 4 children.


As part of settlers’ attacks against the Palestinian civilians and their property, on 19 March, settlers wrote racial slogans calling for expelling Arabs from Jerusalem on the walls of houses and civilian vehicles in Hizmah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.  They also punctured 3 vehicles and wrote slogans on it in addition to breaking a vehicle’s windows.


Settlement Activities, Demolitions, and Settlers’ Attacks against Palestinian civilians and their Property:


As part of the Israeli settlers’ attacks against the Palestinian civilians and their property, on 17 March 2018, an Israeli settler attacked using a dog a shepherd, who was in al-Rahwah area, southwest of al-Thahiriyah village, south of Hebron.  The shepherd attempted to confront the settler while the dog attacked the flock, seriously wounding 2 sheep.  The Israeli police did not come to the scene claiming it is far away from them.


On 19 March 2018, a group of settlers attacked Palestinian farmers’ lands in al-Thahrat area in the outskirts of Termes’aya village, north of Ramallah.  The settlers heavily threw stones at the famers, wounding one of them with a stone to the head.

House Notices and Demolitions:


·         On Saturday, 17 March 2018, Ishaq Shweiki self-demolished his house in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, as an implementation of the Israeli Municipality decision and to avoid paying high fines. Shweiki said that the Israeli Municipality gave him 30 days to demolish his house under the pretext of non-licensing. He added that the house that was built of sheet iron and gypsum 6 years ago on an area of 50 square meters is a second floor. Shweiki added that the house was sheltering his whole family and grandsons, but he was forced to demolish it to avoid paying the Municipality’s high demolition costs randing between 50 and 60 thousands shekels and to aviod causing damage to the ground floor, which was built 100 years ago.


·         On Tuesday, 20 March 2018, Faisal Mohamed Jom’ah self-demolished his house in al-Mukaber Mount area, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, to implement the Israeli Municipality decision under the pretext of non-licensing. Faisal said that he built his house 6 months ago and at the beginning of this month; the Israeli Municipality issued a decision to demolish the house. He also said that lately, he could delay the decision attempting to get a license, but the municipality refused. Moreover, the District Court issued a decision to demolish the house, so Faisal was forced to implement the decision to avoid paying the demolition costs and a fine of 70,000 shekels. He clarified that his house was built on an area of 150 square meters and after demolishing his house, his family comprised of 6 members, including 4 children, rendered homeless.


Israeli settlers’ attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property


·         On Monday, 19 March 2018, Israeli settlers wrote racist slogans on the walls of houses and Palestinian civilian vehicles in Hizmah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, calling for expelling Arabs from Jerusalem. The village residents said that a group of Israeli settlers wrote racist slogans such as “Arabs of Jerusalem are terrorists who must be expelled” and “There is no place for strangers in Israel”. They also punctured 3 vehicles’ tires, wrote slogans on them, and broke a window of another vehicle.



·         Settlement activities and attacks by settlers against Palestinian civilians and property


Israeli settlers’ attacks


·         At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 17 March 2018, an Israeli settler from “Havat Mor” settlement near “Tina” settlement established on the confiscated lands, southwest of al-Dahiriyah village, south of Hebron, attacked a shepherd using a dog while he was in al-Rahwa area, southwest of al-Dahiriyia village. The shepherd ‘Ali Ratib Ahmed Jabbareen attempted to confront the settler while the dog attacked the sheep, causing serious wounds to 2 of them. The Israeli police did not come to the area, claiming that it is far away from them.


·         At approximately 13:22 on Monday, 19 March 2018, a group of Israeli settlers from “Shilo “ settlement established in the western side of Termas’iyia village, north of Ramallah, attacked Palestinian lands in al-Dahrat area established in the outskirts of Termas’iyia village. The Israeli settlers heavily threw stones at the farmers. As a result, ‘Awad Abed al-Haq Abu Samra (44) was hit with a stone to the head and was then taken to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah to receive medical treatment.



Recommendations to the International Community


PCHR warns of the escalating settlement construction in the West Bank, the attempts to legitimize settlement outposts established on Palestinian lands in the West Bank and the continued summary executions of Palestinian civilians under the pretext that they pose a security threat to the Israeli forces. PCHR reminds the international community that thousands of Palestinian civilians have been rendered homeless and lived in caravans under tragic circumstances due to the latest Israeli offensive on the Gaza Strip that has been under a tight closure for almost 11 years. PCHR welcomes the UN Security Council’s Resolution No. 2334, which states that settlements are a blatant violation of the Geneva Conventions and calls upon Israel to stop them and not to recognize any demographic change in the oPt since 1967.  PCHR hopes this resolution will pave the way for eliminating the settlement crime and bring to justice those responsible for it. PCHR further reiterates that the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are still under Israeli occupation in spite of Israel’s unilateral disengagement plan of 2005.  PCHR emphasizes that there is international recognition of Israel’s obligation to respect international human rights instruments and international humanitarian law.  Israel is bound to apply international human rights law and the law of war, sometimes reciprocally and other times in parallel, in a way that achieves the best protection for civilians and remedy for the victims.

1.      PCHR calls upon the international community to respect the Security Council’s Resolution No. 2334 and to ensure that Israel respects it as well, in particular point 5 which obliges Israel not to deal with settlements as if they were part of Israel.

2.      PCHR calls upon the ICC this year to open an investigation into Israeli crimes committed in the oPt, particularly the settlement crimes and the 2014 offensive on the Gaza Strip.

3.      PCHR Calls upon the European Union (EU) and all international bodies to boycott settlements and ban working and investing in them in application of their obligations according to international human rights law and international humanitarian law considering settlements as a war crime.

4.      PCHR calls upon the international community to use all available means to allow the Palestinian people to enjoy their right to self-determination through the establishment of the Palestinian State, which was recognized by the UN General Assembly with a vast majority, using all international legal mechanisms, including sanctions to end the occupation of the State of Palestine.

5.      PCHR calls upon the international community and United Nations to take all necessary measures to stop Israeli policies aimed at creating a Jewish demographic majority in Jerusalem and at voiding Palestine from its original inhabitants through deportations and house demolitions as a collective punishment, which violates international humanitarian law, amounting to a crime against humanity.

6.      PCHR calls upon the international community to condemn summary executions carried out by Israeli forces against Palestinians and to pressurize Israel to stop them.

7.      PCHR calls upon the States Parties to the Rome Statute of the ICC to work hard to hold Israeli war criminals accountable.

8.      PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to fulfill their obligations under article (1) of the Convention to ensure respect for the Conventions under all circumstances, and under articles (146) and (147) to search for and prosecute those responsible for committing grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions to ensure justice and remedy for Palestinian victims, especially in light of the almost complete denial of justice for them before the Israeli judiciary.

9.      PCHR calls upon the international community to speed up the reconstruction process necessary because of the destruction inflicted by the Israeli offensive on Gaza.

10.  PCHR calls for a prompt intervention to compel the Israeli authorities to lift the closure that obstructs the freedom of movement of goods and 1.8 million civilians that experience unprecedented economic, social, political and cultural hardships due to collective punishment policies and retaliatory action against civilians.

11.  PCHR calls upon the European Union to apply human rights standards embedded in the EU-Israel Association Agreement and to respect its obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights when dealing with Israel.

12.  PCHR calls upon the international community, especially states that import Israeli weapons and military services, to meet their moral and legal responsibility not to allow Israel to use the offensive in Gaza to test new weapons and not accept training services based on the field experience in Gaza in order to avoid turning Palestinian civilians in Gaza into testing objects for Israeli weapons and military tactics.

13.  PCHR calls upon the parties to international human rights instruments, especially the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), to pressurize Israel to comply with its provisions in the oPt and to compel it to incorporate the human rights situation in the oPt in its reports submitted to the relevant committees.

14.  PCHR calls upon the EU and international human rights bodies to pressurize the Israeli forces to stop their attacks against Palestinian fishermen and farmers, mainly in the border area.

Fully detailed document available at the official website of the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR).

(Source / 22.03.2018)

Jewish Israeli gets community service after brutal assault on Palestinian worker

Israeli supreme court [File photo]

Israeli supreme court

A Jewish Israeli man was sentenced on Tuesday to 400 hours of community service and a $2,200 fine after participating in a group assault on a Palestinian returning home from work.

Daniel Cohen Shor was “convicted of his own admission in a plea bargain deal for the crime of aggravated battery,” reported Haaretz.

The Jerusalem District Court judge justified the light sentence “because of the man’s personal circumstances and because he accepted responsibility for his actions”.

Cohen Shor, along with five others, attacked a 45-year-old Palestinian – named only as “N.” – as he returned home from work near Al-Walaja, south of Jerusalem.

Read: Illegal Jewish settlers attack Palestinian farmers north of Ramallah

The group threw stones at N., hitting him in the ribs and left ear, before beating him as he lay on the ground and racially abusing him.

N. required stitches in his ear and injuries to his back and leg and required medical treatment. He also suffers from post-traumatic stress and pain, the court was told.

Haaretz noted that “the trial of the other defendants involved in the incident is still underway”, and “Cohen Shor is expected to testify against the others involved in the incident.”

The paper reported that the judge called the acts carried out by the group of assailants “serious”, and “carried out in various stages”. Cohen Shor, specifically, “could have stopped at any stage but he chose to remain and participate”.

But the judge also “accepted some of the defence’s arguments”, saying Cohen Shor was not charged with physically attacking N. or carrying out any specific actions, “but only as a member of the group”.

Read: HRW urges UN action over Israel’s ‘discriminatory’ system

(Source / 22.03.2018)

Israel installs barbed wire fence along Gaza border ahead of Land Day

Palestinians commemorate Land Day

Palestinian farm land

Israeli occupation forces have started to install a barbed wire fence along the eastern borders of the Gaza Strip, ahead of the Great March of Return slated for 30 March, Quds Press reported yesterday.

Occupation forces also levelled Palestinian land along the border and setup large mounds of sand which can be used as barricades to hinder the movement of protesters.

According to the locals, the barbed wire fence is up to two metres high.

Spokesman of the Great March of Return in Gaza Ahmed Abu Irtema said that the Israeli threats and measures “do not scare” the protesters, adding that they are “persistent”.

Read: Israel is the main cause of Gaza’s suffering

“We are not affected by this Israeli propaganda and psychological war. We will continue with our plans.”

He stressed that the occupation’s measures prove that their “peaceful activities are causing the occupation worries, this reinforces our beliefs that such moves put pressure on the Israeli occupation and cause moral, media and political crises for it.”

Israel’s threats against the Great March of Return are “no more than a desperate attempt to abort this activity”.

The Great March of Return is an annual event which is held to mark Palestinian Land Day, an annual day of commemoration for Palestinians of the events of that date in 1976. In response to the Israeli government’s announcement of a plan to expropriate thousands of dunams of land for security and settlement purposes, a general strike and marches were organised in Arab towns from the Galilee to the Negev.

Read: It is not Hamas, but Israel which incites violence

(Source / 22.03.2018)

Israel to demolish Umm Hiran village on 1 April

Protesters gather to protest against the demolition of Palestinians homes by Israel in Negev, in Gaza City, Gaza on January 18, 2017 [Ali Jadallah/Anadolu Agency]

Protesters gather to protest against the demolition of Palestinians homes by Israel in Negev, in Gaza City, Gaza on January 18, 2017

Israeli occupation forces yesterday raided the Arab village of Umm Al-Hiran in the Negev and handed over demolition orders to its residents, the Safa News Agency reported.

Activist Khaled Abu Kharma said that the Israeli occupation police raided the village and stuck eviction orders on its houses, asking the villagers to leave before 1 April when the village is due to be demolitioned.

Umm Al-Hiran’s Popular Committee called for all Arabs to gather in the village to prevent the Israeli occupation from raiding and demolishing it.

Israel is expelling the residents of Umm Al-Hiran, along with the residents of more than 40 other unrecognised Arab villages in the Negev, in order to use the land for settlement projects.

Residents of these villages are Palestinians who did not leave their lands when Zionist militias attacked before the creation of the state of Israel in 1948.

Read: For Israel displacing Bedouins is financially rewarding

(Source / 22.03.2018)