ERC makes international demand for release of Egypt’s ill Morsi

Egyptians gather to protest their support for Mohammed Morsi on 15 February 2016 [file photo]

Egyptians gather to protest their support for Mohammed Morsi on 15 February 2016 [file photo]

The ousted President of Egypt, Mohammed Morsi, who is struggling from ill health and languishing in an Egyptian prison, should be immediately released from detention, said the head of an Egyptian political and civil rights organisation.

In an open letter address to heads of states around the world and to human rights organisations, Dr Maha Azzam, of the Egyptian Revolutionary Council (ERC) UK, said the ousted president is being held in conditions that breach international human rights laws and United Nations conventions.

The letter comes days after Morsi made a court appearance in Cairo in connection with a charge of escaping from prison following a custodial sentence imposed in 2011. Morsi’s son, Abdullah, in a post on social media, revealed that his father was refused permission to talk to the judges but informed other detainees that he had collapsed on two occasions and had relapsed into a complete hypoglycaemic diabetic coma.

Read: Egypt Morsi has fainted twice in prison

Last Sunday, Egyptian authorities lifted a four-year-ban and allowed Morsi to be visited by his family for the first time since he was overthrown in a military coup led by current President Abdel Fatah Al-Sisi in July 2013.

In the letter, Azzam said:

[Morsi had] faced fabricated charges in a corrupt judicial system subservient to the will of the military and contrary to the concept of natural justice as well as a breach of Egypt’s commitments to the UN.

Azzam expressed ERC’s grave concern about the “deteriorating health and threat” to the former leader’s life and revealed to MEMO that the president is on a “diet of tinned food” for fear of being poisoned. She also said that Morsi and other detainees were being denied appropriate medical treatment, visits and access to lawyers.

The head of ERC called for an impartial investigation into the conditions under which the president is being held.  She called on the international community to seek assurances from Egypt that detainees “will no longer be subject to torture, rape and other ill-treatment.”

Read: Egyptian exiles to address UN regarding Morsi’s health

“The standards in Egypt’s prisons and the treatment of prisoners is inhumane and contravenes the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners and the United Nations Convention against Torture,” the ERC’s open letter stated.

Quoting Article 9 of the UN Declaration of Human Rights, the head of the council called on global leaders to put pressure on the Egyptian government to release the ousted president.

We believe that the only way forward is for governments such as yours to take up their moral responsibility and pressure the Junta in Egypt (for that is what it is) to respect International Law and to make it clear that members of the Junta government will be held severally and collectively responsible by the international community for any crimes they commit while in office.

(Source / 09.06.2017)

2 Israelis found guilty of anti-Palestinian incitement by Israeli court

Guilty of incitement

BETHLEHEM (Ma’an) — An Israeli court found two far-right Israelis guilty of “incitement” and sentenced one of them to community service, Israeli media reported on Friday, in a rare instance of Jewish Israelis being prosecuted for anti-Palestinian hate speech.

According to Israeli news outlet Ynet, 32-year-old Avraham Binyamin, and 44-year-old Yehoshua Hess, who were described as “senior activists” in a group called Jewish Voice, were found guilty by the Petah Tikva magistrate court of numerous acts of incitement to violence against Palestinians.
Binyamin and Hess wrote a number of posts on the website of Jewish Voice calling to “break open heads” and “throw Molotov cocktails” at Palestinians, whom they described as “violent,” “savages,” “terrorists,” and “abusers.”
The two men also wrote statements sympathizing with acts of violence against Palestinians and their property, as well as in support of violating Palestinians’ rights.
As part of a plea deal, Binyamin was sentenced to six months of community service, a suspended sentence, and a fine of an unspecified amount, Ynet added.
As a deal wasn’t reached in Hess’ case, a court will rule on a sentence at a later, unspecified date, Ynet added.
Israeli news daily Haaretz reported in April that Israeli forces detained at least 400 Palestinians in less than a year over social media activity, and that 400 others were detained for the same reason by the Palestinian Authority through its widely condemned policy of security coordination with Israel.
A more recent report by Haaretz revealed how Israel has been monitoring Palestinians’ social media profiles and subsequently making arrests when “the kid doesn’t know that he is a terrorist yet,” as one Israeli army officer put it.
By contrast, a February report released by the Arab Center for Social Media Advancement 7amleh documented that slanderous, provocative, and threatening posts made by Israelis against Arabs and Palestinians more than doubled in 2016, reaching 675,000 posts made by 60,000 Hebrew-speaking Facebook users — “while almost not a single case of incitement has been opened against Israeli instigators.”
Suppression of Palestinian freedom of expression in recent months has also seen bookstores shuttered, while activists, journalists, novelists, and poets have been detained.
Israeli authorities’ narrative that a wave of unrest that began in October 2015 was stoked by online “incitement,” though Palestinians have instead pointed chiefly to the frustration and despair brought on by Israel’s nearly 50-year military occupation of the Palestinian territory and the absence of a political horizon as reasons for acts of violence.
(Source / 09.06.2017)

Israeli politician calls on UN to stop using the term ‘occupation’

Image of Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister, Tzipi Hotovely on 1 May 2017 [Tzipi Hotovely /Facebook]

Image of Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister, Tzipi Hotovely on 1 May 2017

Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister, Tzipi Hotovely, has called on the United Nations to stop using the term “occupation” in reference to Israel’s control over Palestinian lands.

The senior official claimed that the international organisation has been lured to repeating the “Palestinian propaganda vocabulary” and claimed that Israel does not occupy the land of anyone.

“As a proof, this year marks the 50th anniversary of Israel’s liberation of Jerusalem and the West Bank,” she claimed.

Hotovely’s remarks came in response to UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, who accused the Israeli occupation of putting more burdens on the Palestinians and preventing them from developing.

Read: Israel is an apartheid state; let’s not pretend otherwise

The Israeli politician has called on the UN chief to reform what she called the distortion in the United Nations terms and to retract his statements.

“These are facts on the ground,” she said, adding that the term occupation was invented by the Palestinian propaganda machine, and it is very regrettable that the United Nations is being drawn to echo and use it in its speech and literature.

#50YearsOccupation

When the international organisation stops using distorted and false terms such as “occupation”, confidence will be restored in it as an institution established for justice and truth.

(Source / 09.06.2017)

Betaal je wel zakaat?

Veel van onze broeders en zusters betalen hun jaarlijkse zakaat niet, niet vanwege gierigheid, maar door onwetendheid. 

Het betalen van de zakaat is de derde zuil van de islam en wordt in heel veel verzen in de Koran samen genoemd met het gebed. Allah zegt:

“En onderhoudt het gebed en geeft de zakaat.” [2:43]

Het uitgeven van de zakaat zegent de bezittingen, reinigt de ziel van gierigheid en is goedheid naar de armen en behoeftigen. Allah zegt:

“Neem (O Mohammed) van hun bezittingen de zakaat, jij reinigt en zuivert hen daarmee.” [9:103]

In dit bericht gaan we in op één van de soorten bezittingen waar men zakaat over dient te betalen, namelijk het geld.

Zakaatplichtig
Je bent verplicht zakaat te betalen wanneer je aan twee voorwaarden voldoet:

Eerste voorwaarde:
Wie een bedrag bezit boven de nisaab (minimumgrens) is zakaatplichtig. Deze nisaab is de waarde van 85 gram goud of 595 gram zilver. Het beste is om zilver als maatstaf aan te houden, omdat zilver goedkoper is en dat dus in het voordeel van de armen is.

Wanneer we bijvoorbeeld kijken op www.goudmarkt.nl/zilverprijs, dan zien we dat de prijs van één gram zilver 0,49 eurocent is. Dit keer 595 is €291,55. Wie een bedrag bezit van €291,55 of hoger is zakaatplichtig. Ongeacht of de persoon die dit bedrag bezit volwassen is of niet en ongeacht of de bezitter van dit bedrag geestelijk gezond is of niet. Wanneer kinderen en of geestelijk gehandicapten geld bezitten en niet in staat zijn om de zakaat zelf uit te geven, dan doet hun voogd, zoals de vader, dit voor hen.

Tweede voorwaarde:
Je bent pas zakaatplichtig over het bedrag dat gelijk is aan de nisaab of hoger, wanneer jij een islamitisch jaar (maanjaar) in het bezit bent van dit bedrag.

Voorbeeld
Mocht je op 1 Ramadan 2017 in het bezit komen van een bedrag van €700 (wat boven de eerdergenoemde minimumgrens is), dan begint ‘jouw’ jaar vanaf 1 Ramadan 2017.

Als dit bedrag boven de nisaab blijft (€291,55) tot 1 Ramadan 2018, dan betaal je 2,5% over het op dat moment aanwezige bedrag. Heb je dus bijvoorbeeld €200 uitgegeven door het jaar heen en heb je €500 over op 1 Ramadan 2018, dan betaal je daar 2,5% over.

Mocht dat bedrag op 1 Ramadan 2018 bijvoorbeeld €250 bedragen (wat onder de minimumgrens is) dan hoeft daar geen zakaat over te worden betaald. Wanneer je weer in het bezit komt van een bedrag boven de minimumgrens gaat ‘jouw’ jaar weer in.

Hoeveel zakaat betaal je
Zoals is op te maken uit het voorbeeld bedraagt de zakaat 2,5 % van het bedrag dat een jaar lang boven de nisaab is gebleven. Deze 2,5% kan je gemakkelijk berekenen door het bedrag door veertig te delen.

Simpelste manier om je zakaat te betalen
Het komt vaak voor dat je verschillende keren in het jaar in het bezit komt van bedragen boven de minimumgrens, zoals je salaris bijvoorbeeld. Dan zou je dus in principe voor elk bedrag (boven de nisaab) moeten bijhouden wanneer een jaar voorbij is gegaan om vervolgens de zakaat te betalen.

Het is dan makkelijker om één datum in het jaar aan te houden, zoals vandaag 14 Ramadan bijvoorbeeld, waarop je jouw zakaat betaalt over al het aanwezige geld (uiteraard als het boven de nisaab is). De zakaat die je dan betaalt over bedragen die je nog geen jaar bezit, wordt beschouwd als vooruitbetaalde zakaat en het is toegestaan om jouw zakaat vooruit te betalen.

Uitgeleend geld
Wanneer je iemand geld hebt geleend en jij dit op elk gewenst moment terug kan krijgen, dan dien je dit uitgeleend bedrag te beschouwen als geld dat in jouw bezit is en daar met de rest van jouw geld zakaat over te betalen.

Het uitgeleende geld dat jij niet op elk gewenst moment terug kan krijgen, omdat de schuldenaar het niet heeft of omdat hij het verzuimt terug te geven, betaal je pas zakaat over wanneer je het bedrag terug hebt gehad. Je betaalt dan eenmalig zakaat over het bedrag, ook al is het een schuld van jarenlang.

Zelf schulden hebben
Wanneer je zelf schulden hebt, maar wel aan de bovengenoemde twee voorwaarden van de zakaat voldoet (door een jaar lang in het bezit te zijn van een bedrag gelijk aan of hoger dan de nisaab), dien je ook zakaat te betalen en zijn deze schulden geen vrijstelling.

Nadat – hopelijk – duidelijk is geworden hoe de zakaat wordt berekend, rest nog een belangrijk vraagstuk en dat is: aan wie hoor ik mijn zakaat te geven? Dit wordt in shaa Allaah in het komend bericht verduidelijkt.

P.S. De zakaat die je aan het einde van de Ramadan uitgeeft, is de zakaat ul-fitr. Dat is een andere verplichting en staat los van de regelgevingen van de zakaat die we in dit bericht hebben behandeld.

(Source: Kennisviamail.nl / 09.06.2017)

Hamas could be next victim of Qatari-Gulf brawl

Hamas leader Khaled Meshaal gestures as he announces a new policy document in Doha, Qatar, May 1, 2017

On June 3, media reports claimed Qatar had asked some Hamas officials to leave its territories after their names were listed alongside Palestinian detainees in Israeli intelligence investigations as being involved in armed attacks against Israel. Although no Qatari officials confirmed the news, other reports said Qatar expressed regret about having to make such a move because of pressure by foreign parties, who were not identified.

Hamas remained silent for an entire day before its spokesman, Hossam Badran, said such reports were aimed at ruining the movement’s image and influencing its foreign relations. However, he neither confirmed nor denied the reports, perhaps to avoid embarrassing either party.

Al-Monitor tried to contact some Hamas officials inside and outside the Palestinian territories to clarify the issue, but none would confirm or deny the reports.

However, Badran — a Qatar resident and former military official in Hamas — told Al-Monitor, “Hamas’ new leadership, elected in early May, began to arrange the activity of its leaders and their organizational functions in various geographical areas inside and outside the Palestinian territories to best serve the movement’s interest.” He added, “Hamas values Qatar’s support to the Palestinian people, especially in the reconstruction of Gaza and the constant support for the steadfastness of its people.”

Hamas spokesman Sami Abu Zuhri tweeted June 4 that Hamas’ ties are firmly established with Qatar and other allied countries, and it will build good relationships with more countries as well. Betting on weakening and pressuring Hamas is doomed to fail, he said.

On June 5, the Israeli news website Times of Israel reported that the Hamas officials mentioned in the news were Saleh al-Arouri, a member of Hamas’ political bureau and a Hamas military leader who had already left Turkey in August 2015 because of Israeli pressure and Moussa Doudine, a Hamas official in charge of the prisoners’ dossier and a senior Hamas military commander who was released by Israel as part of a prisoners’ exchange deal in 2011. Al-Monitor interviewed Doudine in August 2015.

Meanwhile, the West Bank-based Al-Hadath newspaper reported June 5 that six Hamas leaders whose names were not mentioned had left Qatar a few days before and relocated to Lebanon, Malaysia and Turkey after Qatari authorities asked them to leave. Turkey has expressed strong support for Qatar in this matter.

Mustafa Sawaf, former editor-in-chief of the Hamas-affiliated Felesteen newspaper, told Al-Monitor, “This Qatari decision, assuming it was true, should not be perceived as the end for Hamas. This is not the first time the movement has been faced with such action; it was forced out of Jordan in 1999, it then had to leave Syria, and today Qatar is under pressure from Gulf countries and the US [to expel Hamas].”

However, he noted, “Qatar is still refusing to classify Hamas as a terrorist group. If the movement is given the choice of staying in Qatar or forcing the latter to suffer because of it, it would voluntarily choose to leave out of respect. Hamas can find an alternative because it is welcome in many countries. Although Hamas is suffering from a crisis, it is not alone.”

The timing of Qatar’s request wasn’t surprising. It followed US President Donald Trump’s visit to the region May 20-21 when he met with Gulf and Arab leaders in Saudi Arabia and accused Hamas of being a terrorist movement.

This also coincides with the unexpected decision made June 5 by Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain to sever their ties with Qatar because of its alleged support for terrorist groups, without mentioning Hamas by name.

The Palestinian Authority did not officially comment on the matter. However, a member of the Central Committee of Fatah, Hamas’ rival political party, told Al-Monitor on condition of anonymity, “Qatar has always supported Hamas at the expense of the Palestinian national project. Every time we get closer to reaching reconciliation with Hamas, Qatar swoops in and convinces it otherwise and urges it to continue to control the Gaza Strip and keep the division going, by providing financial support for Hamas’ rule in Gaza. Although this Qatari move [forcing out Hamas leaders] might harm Hamas, the movement might actually resort to reconciliation with Fatah after being abandoned by the last of its allies.”

Despite asking some Hamas officials to leave its territories, Qatar continued to praise the movement. On June 5, Jaber al-Harami, a prominent Qatari journalist close to the royal palace, told Al Jazeera, “Qatar had the honor to support Hamas because it is a Palestinian national liberation movement resisting the Israeli occupation.”

Many in Israel, unsurprisingly, welcomed the Qatari decision. On June 3, former Israeli Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni called it a very positive step because Hamas should not be given legitimacy. On June 4, head of the Israeli opposition Isaac Herzog called it an exceptional regional opportunity.

Yet Hussam al-Dajani, a political science professor at Al-Ummah University Open Education, told Al-Monitor, “Qatar will never give Hamas up. It is a country with foreign policy vision and will never abandon the movement. Hamas’ presence in any Arab country increases its position and role. But if Qatar is subject to external pressure, Iran will be the first to receive Hamas with arms wide open and Malaysia would follow.”

Regardless of which Hamas officials are affected by Qatar’s decision, the regional campaign against Qatar seems quite fierce this time. This could force Qatar to give in and make things easier on itself by asking Hamas to reduce its total presence there without ending it altogether, although that might still restrict Hamas officials’ movements between countries.

However, the newly elected Hamas leadership, represented at home and abroad by Yahya Sinwar and Ismail Haniyeh, resides in Gaza, which might dampen the consequences of Qatar’s request.

(Source / 09.06.2017)

IOF shooting kills Palestinian man, wounds 9 others in Gaza

Palestijn vermoord in Gazastrip

One Palestinian citizen was killed, 9 were injured, and others chocked on tear gas on Friday after the Israeli occupation forces (IOF) targeted anti-siege demonstrations on several border areas east of the Gaza Strip.

The PIC reporters said that dozens of youths gathered in five points of contact east of the Gaza Strip, ignited tires and raised banners condemning the siege, and affirmed that they were attacked by the IOF with live bullets and tear gas canisters.

Spokesman of the Ministry of Health, Ashraf al-Qedra, said that Ayed Jomaa, 35, died after he was shot with a live bullet in the head while 6 others were injured as they were targeted by the IOF to the east of Jabalia city in the northern Gaza Strip.

According to eyewitnesses, at least 10 citizens chocked on tear gas and were treated in the field.

In a later development, the PIC reporter said that two Palestinian youths were injured in the demonstrations to east of al-Bureij refugee camp and a third was injured east of al-Shuja’iya neighborhood.

According to the PIC reporter in Khan Younis, dozens of youths gathered east of Khuza’a town in the southern Gaza Strip, set tires on fire, raised Palestinian flags and approached the Israeli security fence separating the Gaza Strip and the 1948 occupied Palestinian territories.

He added that the IOF snipers stationed on high hills behind the security fence and many military jeeps were deployed in the area.

For his part, the PIC reporter in the central Gaza Strip said that nearly 150 youths launched a demonstration east of al-Bureij refugee camp in which they raised Palestinian flags and anti-siege banners and were targeted by the IOF with live bullets and tear gas canisters.

Member of the Hamas political bureau Fathi Hammad, who participated in a demonstration to the east of Jabalia, denounced the policies pursued by the Palestinian Authority and its president Mahmoud Abbas against the Gaza Strip and aimed at imposing collective punishment on the Gazans through tightening the siege and bringing the coastal enclave into a vicious circle of continual crises.

The National Committee to Break the Siege and the youth movement have launched calls for daily demonstrations east of the Gaza Strip in rejection of the siege and in protest at the deteriorating humanitarian situation in Gaza.

(Source / 09.06.2017)

IOF quells Kafr Qaddum weekly march in Qalqilya

Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya

Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) quelled on Friday the anti-settlement weekly march in Kafr Qaddum town in Qalqilya. The peaceful march also demands the opening of the street which has been closed by the IOF for over 14 years.

Coordinator of the popular resistance in the town, Murad Shteiwi, said that large numbers of IOF soldiers and Special Forces showered the participants with rubber bullets and tear gas canisters. No injuries were reported.

He pointed out that the participants foiled an ambush that was set up by IOF troops to arrest youths beneath the olive trees near the closed street. They used stones in order to confront the Israeli soldiers and managed to make them retreat without arresting anybody.

(Source / 09.06.2017)

Fanatic settlers attack Asira al-Qibliya town in Nablus

Asira al-Qibliya

Dozens of settlers of Yitzhar settlement attacked on Friday afternoon the town of Asira al-Qibliya, south of Nablus city, under protection of Israeli occupation forces.

Eyewitnesses told the PIC reporter that extremist settlers started fire in Palestinians’ agricultural lands at the outskirts of the town leading to a huge fire in olive and fig fields.

The attacking settlers threw stones at homes in the town, then clashes erupted between the settlers and inhabitants. Israeli soldiers fired tear gas grenades at the local protesters to disperse them.

(Source / 09.06.2017)

Hamas denies having fighters outside Palestine

Members of Ezzedin al-Qassam Brigades, the armed wing of Hamas movement, on 5 August 2015

Hamas has denied recent allegations that it has fighters based outside Palestine, Anadolu has reported. An official from the movement stressed yesterday that its struggle is solely against the Israeli occupation.

Khalil Al-Hayya made his comment at the funeral of a senior member of the armed wing of Hamas, Al-Qassam Brigades, who was killed in an accident the day before. “Hamas has not and will not direct its compass to fight in another arena,” he insisted. “Its weapons will remain directed toward Israel, and we will continue to pursue and resist Israel even if we sacrifice our leaders, our sons and our homes.”

Al-Hayya did not clarify the reason for making such a comment, but it came a day after Ahmed Al-Mismari, a spokesman for the Haftar forces in Libya, accused Al-Qassam Brigades of fighting there with the support of the State of Qatar. This was clearly an attempt to add fuel to the fire of the Arab rift with the government in Doha.

Read: Hamas’ strategic quandary

According to Amos Harel, the military and defence analyst at Haaretz, the crisis between Saudi Arabia and Qatar could have consequences in another arena closer to Israel. He suggested that the recent decline in Qatari support for Hamas, following the rift, could possibly lead to another outbreak of violence between Israel and Hamas this summer, on the back of the water and electricity supply crisis in Gaza. Harel pointed out that the worsening conditions in Gaza also worry Israeli security officials, not least because Hamas has been encouraging Palestinians in Gaza to start demonstrations near the border fence with Israel, after several months during which it prevented all such activity.

In recent years, Qatar has been one of the main props of the de facto Hamas government in Gaza. The movement’s ties with Egypt were damaged by the 2013 coup that brought former General Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi to power. Indeed, Qatar has been supporting Hamas “financially and politically”, not least by helping to reconstruct the Gaza Strip following the Israeli military offensive in 2014. It has also intervened to resolve the movement’s conflicts with Egypt, Israel and the Palestinian Authority.

Iran has also reduced its financial support to Hamas (although it was partly restored recently) due to the Sunni-Shia conflict over the Syrian civil war. This, claims Harel, comes at a time when Turkey’s interest in Gaza has declined following the reconciliation agreement with Israel and President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s troubles both at home and abroad.

(Source / 09.06.2017)

Israel issued 50,000 administrative detention orders since 1967

Image of Israeli forces brutally arresting a Palestinian youth [File photo]

Image of Israeli forces brutally arresting a Palestinian youth [File photo]

Israeli occupation forces have issued 50,000 administrative detention orders against Palestinians since the occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip in 1967, the Commission for Detainees and Ex-Detainees Affairs revealed on Wednesday.

Head of the research and documentation department in the researcher in the Commission for Detainees and Ex-Detainees Affairs, Abdel Nasser Farawneh, said that the administrative detention orders have increased since the outbreak of the Second Intifada, as the occupation authorities issued nearly 27,000 orders since September 2000.

He noted that of the total number of orders, nearly 1,704 were issued in 2016, a 50 per cent increase compared to 2015. While, since the beginning of 2017, over 4,000 orders were issued, including new orders and extensions.

Read: Israel arrests hundreds of Palestinians over Facebook posts

Farawneh added that the increased number of detention orders and the increase in administrative orders issued against the Palestinians has led to a noticeable rise in the total number of administrative prisoners. As of today, nearly 5,000 administrative prisoners are held in Israeli prisons and detention centres without any charges against them or trials.

  (Source / 09.06.2017)