Homosexuality and Sharia: Why Islam Rejects President Obama’s Same-Sex Marriage Proposal


By Dr. Wael Shihab at OnIslam.net

Recently, US President Barack Obama made clear his view that same-sex couples should have the right to wed. Obama’s controversial argument has sparked anger from faith groups and Republican rivals, though it has been highly praised and embraced by gay supporters and activists.

“I’ve just concluded that for me personally it is important for me to go ahead and affirm that I think same sex couples should be able to get married,” Obama said in an interview with ABC’s Robin Roberts.

Like all the world’s major religions and traditions, Islam has a clear stand on this issue, as it emphatically forbids homosexuality and lesbianism and regards them as a violation of the commands of Allah. It states clearly that same-sex marriage poses a serious and dangerous threat to human societies and communities.

Islamic Concept of Marriage

Islamic Sharia pays great attention to marriage as it is the straight path towards establishing strong and healthy human communities. Sharia, therefore, lays down the basic foundations that guarantee the stability and wellbeing of married couples. For instance, the consent of both parties—the prospective wife and husband—is a condition per se for the validity of “Islamic” marriage. Prospective spouses are Islamically recommended to consider important factors—such as social, educational, cultural, and religious compatibility—so as to lead a happy marital life.

So it’s clear that the Islamic concept of marriage is totally different from “gay or lesbian” styles of marital relationships. Islam considers “marriage of a man and a woman” as a sacred, solemn bond that entails specific mutual rights, duties, values, and responsibilities that should not be violated. The Quran describes marriage contract as a sacred bond and calls on married husband and wife to observe kindness, true love, and marital rights and duties. The Quran says:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُم مِّن نَّفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًا كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالْأَرْحَامَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا

O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah , through whom you ask one another, and in kinship. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer.

[Surah An-Nisa 4:1]

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا يَحِلُّ لَكُمْ أَن تَرِثُوا النِّسَاءَ كَرْهًا وَلَا تَعْضُلُوهُنَّ لِتَذْهَبُوا بِبَعْضِ مَا آتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ إِلَّا أَن يَأْتِينَ بِفَاحِشَةٍ مُّبَيِّنَةٍ وَعَاشِرُوهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ فَإِن كَرِهْتُمُوهُنَّ فَعَسَىٰ أَن تَكْرَهُوا شَيْئًا وَيَجْعَلَ اللَّهُ فِيهِ خَيْرًا كَثِيرًا

O you who have believed, it is not lawful for you to inherit women by compulsion. And do not make difficulties for them in order to take back part of what you gave them unless they commit a clear immorality. And live with them in kindness. For if you dislike them – perhaps you dislike a thing and Allah makes therein much good.

[Surah An-Nisa 4:19]

Islam also perceives marriage as one of the great favors, gifts, and signs of Allah Almighty. The noble Quran says:

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا لِّتَسْكُنُوا إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُم مَّوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

And of His signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquility in them; and He placed between you affection and mercy. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought.

[Surah Ar-Rum 30:21]

So marriage, as far as Sharia is concerned, is meant to build a happy, stable, and prosperous family, to raise healthy committed children, to preserve offspring and social order, to satisfy human physical and psychological needs, and to create sound faithful communities and societies. Marriage in Islam, as in all divine religions, does not mean sexual enjoyment only but also the establishment of a family on hygienic and safe foundations.

Marriage and Preservation of Humankind

Among the main goals of marriage, in Islam and other religions and systems, is reproduction and the preservation of humankind. Reproduction serves to preserve the entire human species all around the globe until the point when life comes to an end. Allah Almighty says:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُم مِّن ذَكَرٍ وَأُنثَىٰ وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا

O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another.

[Surah Al-Hujjurat 49:13]

Moreover, preserving one’s lineage and offspring is one of the main essential objectives of Islamic Sharia that almost all Muslim scholars agree on. Imam al-Ghazali (d. 505 AH), for instance, specifies five objectives of Sharia, saying:

ومقصود الشرع من الخلق خمسة: وهو أن يحفظ عليهم دينهم ونفسهم وعقلهم ونسلهم ومالهم؛ فكل ما  يتضمن حفظ هذه الأصول الخمسة فهو مصلحة، وكل ما يفوت هذه الأصول فهو مفسدة، ورفعها مصلحة

Maslahah (benefit), which we are concerned about here, means the protection of the objectives of shar’, namely the preservation of religion, life, offspring, reason, and property. Anything that furthers theses five objectives is maslahah, and anything that runs contrary to them is mafsadah (corruption).

The Maliki jurist, Shihab ad-Din al-Qarafi (d. 684 AH) has added a sixth to the above list of five objectives of Sharia, namely the protection of ‘ird (honor). Ibn Ashur (d. 1973 CE), who has been known for his deep study and profound knowledge of the objectives of Sharia, has opened the scope of the Maqasid (objectives of Sharia) to include the preservation of the social order, promotion of the wellbeing and righteousness of the community, preservation of the family, etc.

Given the above, Islamic marriage aims, among others, at securing happiness, wellbeing, and prosperity of married man and woman, families, children, and the whole society at large. Happy, stable marriage of man and woman leads, of course, to sound, strong families and communities.

Same-Sex Marriage and Social Repercussions

Same-sex marriage endangers true faithful family atmosphere where children should be soundly and morally raised.  Gay and lesbian marital relationships lack social acceptance and impose serious dangers to the family institution.

Same-sex marriage, moreover, threatens the existence of human species. Such relationships could not build human communities or secure the existence of humans. Marriage per se is universally known to be between a man and a woman, not between a man and a man or between a woman and a woman.

Allah tells us in the Quran that He created everything in pairs. Referring to this, Allah Almighty says:

وَمِن كُلِّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقْنَا زَوْجَيْنِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ

Of all things We created two mates, so perhaps you will remember.

[Surah Adh-Dhariyat 51:49]

For sure, the pairs referred to in the above verse are of different kinds, not of the same kind.

According to the divine laws and norms, nothing can ever perform its duty single-handedly. Allah meant everything to be in need of another of its kind, so that one would complement the other. In the field of electricity, positive and negative poles need to be in contact so as to induce an electric current, which in turn, yields light, heat, motion, etc. Male and female animals have to be in contact in order to reproduce. The Glorious Quran highlights this universal law saying:

سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ الْأَزْوَاجَ كُلَّهَا مِمَّا تُنبِتُ الْأَرْضُ وَمِنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ وَمِمَّا لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

Exalted is He who created all pairs – from what the earth grows and from themselves and from that which they do not know.

[Surah Ya Sin 36:36]

In response to this law, Allah Almighty has legislated a sublime tradition for a man and a woman to be united in such a way as befits the lofty, status of human beings, namely through marriage.

Given the above, same-sex marriage imposes serious social dangers that destroy the basic foundations of families, societies, and human communities.

Religions Vs. Same-Sex Marriage

In fact, same-sex marriage is outlawed by all the world’s major religions and traditions. Dr. Muhammad M. Abu Laylah, professor of Islamic Studies and Comparative Religions at Al-Azhar University, makes it clear that:

This act (same-sex marriage) is an ugly sin which Allah forbids in all religions, even in the most primitive ones. It is against the ordinances of Allah and against the law of nature. I wonder how in this age of advanced knowledge, science, technology, we allow such things to take place in our human society, how someone allows or gives a legal sanction to such a widespread act that poses a threat to the whole human race and destroys our fabric of society like cancer… In both the Old and the New Testaments, all Prophets of God forbid such evil activities and punish severely those who practice them.

[Muhammad Abu Laylah, Gay Marriage: Islamic View]

Likewise, Tariq Ramadan, a well-known intellectual, says:

We must reiterate, as does Isabelle Levy, that all the worlds’ major religions and spiritual traditions—from the majority view in Hinduism, Buddhism and Judaism to Christianity and Islam—condemn and forbid homosexuality. The great majority of rabbis hold the same position, as do the Pope and the Dalaï Lama, who condemns homosexuality. For these traditions, as for Freud (who speaks of “perversion”), homosexuality is considered to be “against nature,” an “expression of disequilibrium” in the growth of a person. The moral condemnation of homosexuality remains the majority opinion of all religions, and Islam is no exception. It would be senseless to wish to deny the facts, to contradict the textual sources and to force believers to perform intellectual contortions so that they can prove they are in tune with the times.

[Tariq Ramadan, Islam and Homosexuality]

Concluding Remarks

In Islam, marriage of a man and a woman is not just a financial and physical arrangement of living together but a sacred contract, a gift of Allah, to lead a happy, enjoyable life and continue the lineage. The main goal of marriage in Islam is the realization of tranquility and compassion between the husband and wife. Marriage, moreover, aims at the preservation of the human race and promotion of the human values. It maintains social order and stability of human communities and groups.

Same-sex marriage, on the other hand, imposes serious dangers to the family institution, lacks social support, endangers the real lovely family life, and breaks the social order of the human community.

(www.faithinallah.org / 15.05.2012)

Top 10 Facts You Probably Didn’t Know About the #Nakba

1.       Nakba is the Arabic word for catastrophe. It is used to describe the Palestinian loss of land and property during the depopulation of Palestine from 1947-1949 and does not refer simply to the declaration of a state of Israel.
 
Residents of Yaffa Pushed Into The Sea Prior to May15th, 1948
2.       212 localities depopulated and at least half of the refugees created during the Nakba were created prior to May 15th, which is, prior to the entry of armies of other Arab states. The largest Palestinian cities at the time,Yaffa and Haifa, were emptied of the vast majority of their inhabitants before May 15th, 1948. The idea that refugee creation happened only after, or only as a result of, the mobilization of Arab armies is patently false.
3.       At every stage of the war, the Yishuv/Israeli forces were superior in training, equipment and numbers to the combined Arab armies.
 
All That Remains of a Village Near Beisan
4.       The Zionists prepared extensive data collection effortsto map out intelligence relating to the Palestinian villages for a decade prior to the war. Detailed information about each village was kept including information on the number of inhabitants, the village’s resources, the potential activists that resided within it and what its political affiliations were.
5.       Of the over 500 Palestinian villages depopulated during the Nakba, 303 were depopulated as a result of either direct expulsion  carried out by Yishuv/Israeli forces or as a result of attack by Yishuv/Israel forces.
6.       Of the depopulated villages, 81 have been completely obliterated which means there is no traceable sign of their existence. Rubble was identified at the site of another 140 villages. Some standing walls were apparent at another 60 villages while 74 more had few houses intact. Other villages had houses intact and occupied by Israelis.
7.       Golda Meir struck a secret agreement with the King of Jordan before the war. Even though Jordan’s Arab Legion was the most formidable of the Arab armies, and even though the massacre at Deir Yassin tested this agreement, the Jordanian forces didn’t cross into territory that was designated for the Jewish State under the UN partition plan.
 
Palestinians Expelled During Operation Dani Recalled by Rabin
8.       After the depopulation of towns and villages, rampant looting of personal property took place. Israeli civilians and soldiers took part in stealing from vacated Palestinian homes and shops. Israeli historian Tom Segev notes that 1,800 trucks were taken from the town of Lydda alone.
9.       While 700-800,000 Palestinians were made refugees and not permitted to return by the state of Israel, 150,000 did remain inside Israel and many became internally displaced persons who still lost their property and were subjected to martial law until 1966 and various discriminatory laws since then.
10.   Yitzhak Rabin, an officer during the 1948 war, included a description of orders to forcibly expel tens of thousands of Palestinian civilians in his memoirs. The State of Israel prevented this description from being printed when his memoirs were published and, as far as I am aware, continues to prevent it today.
(blog.thejerusalemfund.org / 15.05.2012)

Palestinian hunger strikes ends with a fair deal

It may not have received much international attention, but Palestinian hunger strikes, which ended on May 14, have the potential to shake the status quo of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

That potential lies in the nonviolent nature of the strikes, which were carried out by Palestinians in Israeli detention, backed by grass-roots organizers, and concluded with Israel agreeing to improve prison conditions.

Similarly, the rise of strategic nonviolence as a protest tool by Palestinians could well increase domestic and international pressure on Israel for a peace settlement. It could also help unify Palestinian society, which is sharply divided.

Palestinians are acutely aware of the power of peaceful protests of the Arab Spring, discussing them as a strategy for themselves. The hunger strikes represented a new emphasis on nonviolent dissent and reflected some of the characteristics of the Arab awakening: They were well organized, had massive support among the Palestinian public, and occurred over a period of time and on a large scale.

Hunger strikes are not an entirely new tool for Palestinians. The last year has already seen at least two earlier strikes involving a variety of demands. This most recent wave ended with agreements to allow family visits and to terminate “administrative detentions” – imprisonment without charges or trials – at the end of the six-month term. In return, prisoners agreed not to engage in criminal or terror activities from their cells.

The difference between this last group of hunger strikers and the previous ones rests first on the large number of people involved – conservatively estimated at 1,500 out of 4,500 prisoners.

Second, it was pre-planned and coordinated by the prisoners and backed by important political stakeholders – from the militant Islamic group Hamas to the secular Fatah, led by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas (although Fatah’s support came at the eleventh hour).

Third, and most important, this last wave of strikes was actively supported by grass-roots Palestinian groups and the public. They both rallied behind the prisoners, mobilizing and organizing nonviolent street demonstrations.

The future impact of this campaign is far from clear, but it could certainly serve as a model for using strategic nonviolence. The public protests managed to create a united front within the divided Palestinian society, while shifting power away from a largely dysfunctional and factionalized political system and back to the people. However, the protests did fail to generate strong international attention, let alone support – certainly a discouraging sign.

For Israel, the rise of Palestinian strategic nonviolence could be a game changer. If Israel responds to nonviolence with violence this can truly backfire, domestically, internationally, and among Palestinians. Similarly, the campaign over the end of “administrative detention” for prisoners exposes the problematic aspects of Israel’s military presence in the West Bank.

The Palestinian prisoner campaign brings to mind the 1980-81 hunger strikes of prisoners affiliated with the Irish Republican Army. Britain refused to respond to the prisoners’ demands. The subsequent death of IRA volunteer Bobby Sands mobilized public opinion on behalf of the prisoners and the IRA. In this case, Israel wisely responded.

(www.alaskadispatch.com / The Christian Science Monitor / 15.05.2012)

EU condemns Israel on settlements

A Palestinian man gestures from inside a mock prison cell during a rally in the West Bank city of Ramallah in support of Palestinian prisoners on a hunger strike in Israeli jails. Photograph: Mohamad Torokman/ReutersA Palestinian man gestures from inside a mock prison cell during a rally in the West Bank city of Ramallah in support of Palestinian prisoners on a hunger strike in Israeli jails.

Israeli settlement building and curbs on economic development in the occupied West Bank risk wrecking Palestinian hopes of creating their own state, the European Union said today.

Clearly frustrated by long-stalled peace talks, European Union foreign ministers issued a detailed statement, accusing Israel of accelerating settlement construction and tightening its control over East Jerusalem at the expense of Palestinians.

Israel condemned the report as “biased”, saying it would do nothing to help promote peace in the region.

Negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians broke down in late 2010 in a dispute over Jewish settlement building in the West Bank, and Palestinians say talks cannot resume unless such construction is frozen.

Israel says there should be no pre-conditions for talks and last year intensified its settlement programme after the Palestinians won a seat at the UN cultural agency, Unesco, as part of its campaign to seek broad, statehood recognition.

“The EU expresses deep concern about developments on the ground, which threaten to make a two-state solution impossible,” EU foreign ministers said in a statement after a meeting.

The ministers also criticised what it said were worsening conditions for the Palestinians living in Area C – the 60 per cent of the West Bank which is under Israeli control and where most Jewish settlements are located.

EU ministers said Israel was forcing some Bedouin communities to leave their land in Area C, adding that economic life for Palestinians in the territory had to be improved.

“The EU calls upon Israel to meet its obligations regarding the living conditions of the Palestinian population in Area C, including … halting forced transfer of population and demolition of Palestinian housing and infrastructure,” it said.

EU diplomats in Jerusalem have been incensed by Israel’s destruction of projects in Area C that had received EU backing.

According to data collected by international aid groups, at least 62 structures funded by the EU and its member states were demolished by Israel in 2011 and 2012, including water cisterns, animal shelters, and agricultural and residential buildings.

In addition, over 110 structures are at risk after receiving demolition or stop-work orders from Israeli authorities, said the so-called Displacement Working Group, which joins together NGOs and international bodies operating in the West Bank.

Israel says it issues demolition orders for projects that failed to receive planning permission. The EU said the Israeli bureaucracy had to be simplified.

“The EU will continue to provide financial assistance for Palestinian development in Area C and expects such investment to be protected for future use,” the statement said.

The Israeli Foreign Ministry issued a sharp riposte.

“The (EU) conclusions … include a long list of claims and criticism which are based on a partial, biased and one-sided depiction of realities on the ground. Such a public presentation does not contribute to advancing the process,” it said.

Israel retains military authority and full control over building and planning in Area C. Up to 70 per cent of it is off-limits for Palestinians, classified as Israeli settlement areas, firing zones, or nature reserves, NGOs say.

In the remaining 30 per cent there are restrictions that reduce the possibility for Palestinians to get building permits.

The EU also reiterated its commitment to the Jewish state’s security today and said it was “appalled” by rocket attacks from Gaza, which is run by Hamas.

Meanwhile, hundreds of Palestinian prisoners have agreed to end their weeks-long hunger strike after Israel agreed to improve jail conditions. The deal ended a strike in which prisoners had gone without food for up to 77 days, leaving several close to death. It was the longest strike ever staged by Palestinians in Israeli custody.

With the Palestinians set to hold an annual day of mourning, both sides were eager to wrap up a deal to lower tensions. The Palestinians are marking what they call the “nakba,” or “catastrophe,” the term they use in describing the suffering that resulted from Israel’s establishment 64 years ago.

Two men went on hunger strike on February 27th, and were joined by hundreds of others on April 17th.

Among their demands were permission to receive family visits from the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip, an end to solitary confinement and a halt to an Israeli policy of “administrative detention,” under which suspected militants

are held for months, and sometimes years, without being charged. Israel has defended the policy as a necessary security measure.

Europe is the largest donor to the Palestinian Authority, which has limited self-rule in the West Bank. However, Europe’s leverage is limited, with its aid programme far outweighed by Washington’s economic and military support for Israel.

The Israeli armed forces have destroyed €49.14 million worth of EU-funded development projects in the West Bank and Gaza Strip over the last 10 years, according to European Commission figures. A tenth of the damage occurred during Israel’s bombardment and incursion into the Hamas-controlled Gaza strip in 2008-9. Another large proportion coincided with the second Palestinian intifada, or uprising, against Israel last decade.

(www.irishtimes.com / 15.05.2012)

Palestine Districts-1948

Our People’s Land
[Click on each district name on the map for a profile of the district]
Palestine Districts-1948 - A comprehensive list of the Palestine Districts-1948, find here important information about the Palestine Districts 1948.
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Palestine Districts 1948

A comprehensive list of the Palestine Districts-1948, find here important information about the Palestine Districts 1948. By clicking on any of the districts names on themap of palestine, or on the list in the left side, you will be able to view a detailed listing of the district’s cities/villages.

Where Were The Palestine Districts 1948 Located?

The locations are shown on the map.

“By the end of the 1948 war, hundreds of entire villages had not only been depopulated but obliterated, their houses blown up or bulldozed. While many of the sites are difficult of access, to this day the observant traveler of Israeli roads and highways can see traces of their presence that would escape the notice of the casual passerby: a fenced-in area, often surmounting a gentle hill, of olive and other fruit trees left untended, of cactus hedges and domesticated plants run wild. Now and then a few crumbled houses are left standing, a neglected mosque or church, collapsing walls along the ghost of a village lane, but in the vast majority of cases, all that remains is a scattering of stones and rubble across a forgotten landscape.”
W. Khalidi, All That Remains
Pre-1948 Palestine video (duration: 3.01 minutes)
A video about “Al Nakba” (duration: 9.40 minutes)

Destroyed Palestinian Villages 1948:

1. A’aqer located 5.6 miles SW of Ramlah. Population: 5,000. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Qiryat Eqron built on its 3,305 acres.

2. A’laar located 12.4 miles west of Bethlehem. Population: 40. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Matta’ built on its 3,089 acres.

3. Abdah located 31 miles south of Beersheba. Population: 150. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Sedeboqer built on its 133 acres.

4. Abel Al Qamh located 20.5 miles NE of Safad. Population: 330. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Yuval built on its 829 acres.

5. Abu Al Fadl located 7.5 miles NW of Ramlah. Population: 510. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Nahalat Yehuda and Neta’im built on its 718 acres.

6. Abu Shoushah located 5 miles S of Ramlah. Population: 870. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Bet Uziel built on its 832 acres.

7. Abu Shoushah located 3 miles NW of Tiberius near lake shore. Population: 1,240. Obliterated in 1948, with its 2,250 acres added to the Jewish kibbutz Ginnosar.

8. Abu Shoushah located 15.5 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 720. Obliterated in 1948, with its 2,240 acres added to the Jewish settlement of Mishmar Ha’emeq.

9. Abu Zuraiq located 14 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 550. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,623 acres were stolen.

10. Ajjour located 15.5 miles NW of Hebron. Population: 3,730. Obliterated in 1948 with the Jewish settlements of Agur, Giv’atyesha’yahu and Zafririm established on its 14,544 acres.

11. Ajnajoul located 9.3 miles SE of Ramlah. Population: 140. Obliterated in 1948; all its 2,850 acres were stolen.

12. Al Abbasiyah located 15.5 miles NE of Safad on Banyas River near the Syrian border. Population: 830. Obliterated in 1948; all its 3,857 acres were stolen.

13. Al Abbasiyah located 8 miles east of Jaffa. Population: 5,650. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Or Yehuda built on its 5,135 acres.

14. Al Ashrafia located SW of Beisan. Population: 230. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,300 acres were stolen.

15. Al Barriah located 4.7 miles SE of Ramlah. Population: 510. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Azarya established on its 708 acres.

16. Al Bashtewah located 3 miles NE of Beisan. Population: 1,560. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Neweur built on its 4,625 acres.

17. Al Bassah located near the Lebanese border and Mediterranean Sea. Population: 4,000. Obliterated with its two churches in 1948; the Jewish settlement of Nahal Bezet was built on its 6,315 acres.

18. Al Birah located north of Beisan near oil pipe line coming from Iraq. Population: 260. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,717 acres were stolen.

19. Al Birwawh located 5.6 miles east of Acre. Population: 1,460. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Ahihud built on its 3,346 acres.

20. Al Buraij located 15.5 miles SW of Jerusalem. Population: 720. Obliterated in 1948; all its 4,770 acres were stolen.

21. Al Buraikah located 24 miles south of Haifa. Population: 290. Obliterated in 1948; all its 725 acres were stolen.

22. Al Burj located 2 miles NW of Ramlah. Population: 480. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,177 acres were stolen.

23. Al Butaimat located 21 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 110. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,080 acres were stolen.

24. Al Buwaiziyah located 18.6 miles NE of Safad. Population: 510. Obliterated in 1948; all its 3,655 acres were stolen.

25.Al Dalhamiyah located 9.3 miles SE of Tiberius on the Jordan River. Population: 390. Obliterated in 1948; all of its 627 acres were incorporated into the Jewish settlement of Ashdot Yaaqov.

26. Al Damoun located 6.8 miles SE of Acre. Population: 1,310. Obliterated in 1948; all its 4,768 acres were stolen.

27. Al Darbashiyyah located 12.4 miles NE of Safad. Population: 310. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Gonen built on its 721 acres.

28. Al Dardarah located 7.4 miles SW of Tulkarem. Population: 145. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish kibbutz Eyal built on its 930 acres.

29. Al Dawwarh located 15.5 miles NE of Safad in north Houla plain. Population: 700. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,368 acres were stolen.

30. Al Dawwayimah located 15.5 miles west of Hebron. Population: 3,710. Obliterated in 1948. Many of its people who had taken refuge in one of its mosques were massacred. In 1955, the Jewish settlement of Amazya was built on its 15,146 acres.

31. Al Dhahiriyah Altahta located 2 miles SW of Safad. Population: 350. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,693 acres were stolen.

32. Al Faloujah located 18.6 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 4,670. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Qiryat Gat and Niir Hen built on its 9,510 acres.

33. Al Fatour located 5.6 miles south of Beisan. Population: 110. Obliterated in 1948, all its 182 acres were stolen.

34. Al Ghabisyyah located 9.6 miles NE of Acre. Population: 690. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Natir Ha Shayyara built on its 1,006 acres.

35. Al Ghazzawiyyah located 2.5 miles east of Beisan. Population: 1,020 . Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Ma’oz Hayyim built on its 2,800 acres, which extended to the Jordan River.

36. Al Ghubayyah/ Lower located 15 miles SE of Haifa. Obliterated in 1948, with its 1,045 acres added to the Jewish kibbutz Mishmar Ha’emeq.

37. Al Ghubayyah/ Upper located 15.3 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 150. Obliterated in 1948; all its 516 acres were stolen.

38. Al Hadithah located 6 miles NE of Ramlah. Population: 760. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Hadid built on its 1,778 acres.

39. Al Hamidiyah located 2 miles north of Beisan. Population: 220. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Hamadya built on its 2,483 acres.

40. Al Hamra’a located 6 miles south of Beisan. Population: 730. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Ti Tat zevi and Sede Eliyyahu built on its 2,264 acres.

41. Al Haram located 11 miles NE of Jaffa. Population: 520. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Reshef, a suburb of Herzliyyah, built on its 1,008 acres.

42. Al Himmah located on the Yarmuk River, 14.6 miles south of Tiberius. Population: 290. Obliterated in 1951; all its 423 acres were stolen.

43. Al Husseiniyah located 7.5 miles NE of Safad. Population: 170. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Hulata built on its 538 acres.

44. Al Jaladiya located 24.8 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 360. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,085 acres were incorporated into the Jewish settlement of Zerahya.

45. Al Jalamah located 6 miles NW of Tulkarem. Population: 70. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Ahiyuv built on its 1,928 acres.

46. Al Jammamah located 24 miles NW of Beersheba. Population: 150. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Ruhama built on its 164 acres.

47. Al Jammaseen- EAST located 4.3 miles north of Jaffa. Population: 730. Obliterated in 1948, with its 90 acres incorporated into the Jewish city of Telaviv.

48. Al Jammaseen- WEST located 4.5 miles north of Jaffa. Population: 1,080. Obliterated in 1948, with its104 acres incorporated into the Jewish city of Telaviv.

49. Al Jaounah located 6 miles east of Safad. Population: 1,150. Obliterated in 1948; all its 210 acres were stolen.

50. Al Jiyyah located 12.5 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 1,230. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Ge’a, Talme Yaff and Shioma built on its 2,127 acres.

51. Al Jourah/Asqalan located 15.5 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 2,420. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Ashqelon and Afridar built on its 3,056 acres.

52. Al Jourah/Jerusalem located 11.8 miles SW of Jerusalem. Population: 420. Obliterated in 1948, with the two Jewish settlements of Ora and Amminadav built on its 1,040 acres.

53. Al Jusayr located 24.8 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 1,180. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Zavtel, Menuha and Nir Banim built on its 3,090 acres.

54. Al Kabri located 9.3 miles NE of Acre. Population: 1,520. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish kibbutz Kabri built in 1949 on its 11,857 acres.

55. Al Kafrayn located 18.6 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 920. Obliterated in 1948; all its 2,721 acres were stolen.

56. Al Kawfakhah located 12.4 miles east of Gaza. Population: 500. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Nir Aqiva built on its 2,142 acres.

57. Al Khaesah located 24.8 miles NE of Safad. Population: 1,840. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Qiryat Shemona built on its 2,820 acres.

58. Al Khalasah located 9.3 miles SW of Beersheeba. Population: 150. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Rivivim built on its 86 acres.

59. Al Khaymah located 12.4 miles SE of Ramlah. Population: 190. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,288 acres were stolen.

60. Al Khayriyyah located 5 miles east of Jaffa. Population: 1,420. Obliterated in 1948; all its 3,414 acres were stolen.

61. Al Khisas located 21.7 miles NE of Safad. Population: 530. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Hagosherim built on its 1,244 acres.

62. Al Khisas located 13.6 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 150. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,567 acres were stolen.

63. Al Khunayzeer located 6 miles SE of Beisan. Population: 260. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Tirat Zevi built on its 527 acres.

64. Al Kunayshah located 6 miles SE of Ramlah. Population: 40. Obliterated in 1948; all its 968 acres were stolen.

65. Al Lajjoun located 1 1 miles NW of Jenin. Population: 1,103. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Megiddo built on its 2,125 acres.

66. Al Lidd located 9.3 miles SE of Jaffa. Population: 18,250, of which about 17,000 were evicted from their homes on July 11, 1948. The town was renamed LOD, with most of the Palestinian houses now occupied by Jews.

67. Al Maghaar/Ramlah located 7.4 miles SW of Ramlah. Population: 1,740. Obliterated in 1948; all its 3,183 acres were stolen.

68. Al Mahmoudiyyah located 6 miles NE of Jaffa. Population: 580. Obliterated in 1948; all its 130 acres were stolen.

69. Al Majdal/Tiberius The village of Mary of Magdalene. Population: Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Midgal built on its 26 acres.

70. Al Majdal/Tulkarem located 2 miles NNW of Tulkarem. Population: 75. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Sed Yzhao built on its 139 acres.

71. Al Malhah located 3 miles SW of Jerusalem. Population: 1,940. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,425 acres were stolen.

72. Al Malkiyyah located 22.6 miles north of Safad. Population: 360. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish kibbutz Malkiyyah built in 1949 on its 1,832 acres.

73. Al Mallahah located 15.5 miles NE of Safad. Population: 890. Obliterated in 1948; all its 463 acres were stolen.

74. Al Manarah located 5.6 miles south of Tiberius. Population: 490. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,347 acres were stolen.

75. Al Manshiyyah/Tulkarem located 8 miles NW of Tulkaram. Population:260. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Omez and Hamap’il built on its 4,192 acres.

76. Al Manshiyyah/Acre located 1.6 miles NE of Acre. Population: 810. Obliterated in 1948; all its 3,248 acres were stolen.

77. Al Mansi located 18 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 1,200. Obliterated in 1948; all its 3,068 acres were stolen.

78. Al Mansourah/Acre located 26.7 miles NE of Acre. Population: 688. Obliterated in 1948; all its 8,503 acres were stolen.

79. Al Mansourah/Ramlah located 5.6 miles south of Ramalah. Population: 90. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Mazkeret Batya built on its 557 acres.

80. Al Masmiiyah Al Sagheerah located 29 miles NE of Gaza. Population:530. Obliterated in 1948; all its1,620 acres were stolen.

81. Al Masmiiyah Al Kubra located 28 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 2,410. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Bebe Reem, Talme Yehi, El, Hszaf and Bene A Yish built on its 5,115 acres.

82. Al Masoudiyyah located 1 mile NE of Tel Aviv. Population: 850. Obliterated in 1948, with its 255 acres incorporated into the Jewish city of Tel Aviv.

83. Al Mazar/Haifa located 12 miles south of Haifa. Population: 210. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,780 acres were stolen.

84. Al Mazar/Jenin located 25 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 270. Obliterated in 1948; all its 3,625 acres were stolen.

85. Al Mifrakhirah located NE of Safad 2 miles from the Syrian border. Population:350. Obliterated in 1948; all of its 1,405 acres were stolen.

86. Al Mijaydal located 5 miles of SE of Nazareth. Population: 1,900. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Migdal Ha’emeq built in 1952 on its 2,088 acres.

87. Al Mouwyleh located 7.4 miles NE of Jaffa. Population: 360. Obliterated in 1948; all its 836 acres were stolen.

88. Al Mughayyer located 3 miles west of Tulkarem. Population: 75. Obliterated in 1948; all its lands were stolen.

89. Al Muharraqah located 11 miles SE of Gaza. Population: 580. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Yakini built on its 1,214 acres.

90. Al Mukhayzen located 18.6 miles SE of Jaffa. Population: 200. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Bet Hilquiyyah built in 1949 on its 3,137 acres.

91. Al Murassas located 6 miles NW of Beisan. Population: 460. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Bet Ha Shitta and Sede’nahum built on its 3,619 acres.

92. Al Muzayri’ah located 10 miles NE of Ramlah. Population: 1,160. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Mazor built on its 2,345 acres.

93. Al Na’emah located 13 miles NE of Safad. Population: 1,420. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,185 acres were stolen.

94. Al Nabi Rubeen located 5 miles south of Jaffa. Population: 1,420. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Gan Soreq built in 1950 on its 7,750 acres.

95. Al Nabi Youshaa located 19 miles NE of Safad. Population: 70. Obliterated in 1948; all its 904 acres were stolen.

96. Al Naghnaghiyyah located 15.5 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 693. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,465 acres were stolen.

97. Al Nahr & Al Tal located 8.7 miles NE of Acre. Two villages near each other with a total population of 610. Obliterated in 1948; their combined lands of 1,318 acres were stolen.

98. Al Maqeeb located on the east coast of Lake Tiberius, 5 miles east of the city of Tiberius. Population: 320. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish kibbutz En Gev built on its 790 acres.

99. Al Qabou located 11 miles SW of Jerusalem. Population: 260. Obliterated in 1948; all its 952 acres were stolen.

100. Al Qastal located 6 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 90. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Kastal built on its 360 acres.

101. Al Oasteenah located 16.7 miles SW of Ramlah. Population: 890. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Arugot built on its 2,061 acres.

102. Al Qibab located 6 miles SE of Ramlah. Population: 1,980. Obliterated in 1949 after many of its people were massacred; the Jewish settlement of Ayyalon was built on its 3,188 acres.

103. Al Qubaybah located 16.7 miles west of Hebron. Population: 1,060. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Lakhish built on its 2,684 acres.

104. Al Qubaybah located 7.4 miles SW of Ramlah. Population: 1,720. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Kefar Ha Nagid built on its 2,978 acres.

105. Al Qudayriyyah located 11 miles south of Safad. Population: 390. Obliterated in 1948; all its 3,122 acres were stolen.

106. Al Ramlah located 12.5 miles SE of Jaffa. Population: 16,380. Occupied in 1948. Most of its inhabitants were forcefully evicted, while a few hundred remained. The town, renamed Ramlah, was taken over by Jewish immigrants who stole and occupied the houses of the Palestinians. In time they confiscated an additional 442 acres of surrounding lands and gardens. 107. Alrasalahmar located 7.4miles north of Safad. Population: 645. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Kerem Ben Zimra built on its 1,984 acres.

108. Al Ruways located 6 miles SE of Acre. Population: 330. Obliterated in 1948; all its 291 acres were stolen.

109. Al Saferiyyah located 6.8 miles SE of Jaffa. Population: 3,070. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Zafriyya built on its 3,187 acres.

110. Al Safsaaf located 3 miles NE of Safad. Population: 910. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Sifsufa built on its 1,848 acres.

111. Al Sakhenah located 6 miles north of Beisan. Population: 530. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Gan Ha Shilosha built on its 1,600 acres.

112. Al Salhiyyah located 11.8 miles NE of Safad. Population: 1,520. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,402 acres were stolen.

113. Al Sameriyyah located 5 miles south of Beisan. Population: 250. Obliterated in 1948; all its 968 acres were stolen.

114. Al Samou’l located 3 miles west of Safad. Population: 310. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Kefar Shmmay built on its 3,784 acres.

115. Al Samrah located on SE shore of Lake Tiberius, 1.2 miles NE of Samakh. Population: 290. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Ha On built on its 3,141 acres.

116. Al Sanbariyyah located 17.4 miles north of Safad. Population: 130. Obliterated in 1948; all its 633 acres were stolen.

117. Al Sarafand located 15.5 miles south of Haifa. Population: 290. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Aerufa built on its 1,352 acres.

118. Al Sawafeer- East located 25.4 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 960. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of En Zurim and Merkaz Shipira built on its 3,458 acres.

119. Al Sawafeer-West located 24.8 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 1,030. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Mass’out Yizhaq built on its 1,881 acres.

120. Al Sawafeer- North located 1.2 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 680. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Defar Warburg built on its 1,465 acres.

121. Al Shajarah located 23 miles west of Tiberius. Population: 770. Obliterated in 1948; all its 939 acres were stolen.

122. Al Sheikh Helou located 23.6 miles south of Haifa. Population: 820. Obliterated in 1948; all its lands of 368 acres were stolen.

123. Al Sheikh Mu’aness located 3 miles NE of Jaffa. Population: 1,930. Obliterated in 1948, all its 1,402 acres were incorporated into the Jewish city of Telaviv.

124. Al Shounah located 6 miles south of Safad. Population: 170. Obliterated in 1948; all its 915 acres were stolen.

125. Al Sindiyyanah located 21.7 miles south of Haifa. Population: 1,250. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish reservation of Ya’ar Allona built in 1949 on its 3,543 acres.

126. Al Tabghah located 8 miles north of Tiberius, on lake Tiberius. Population: 330. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Tabghah built on its 1,347 acres.

127. Al Tantorah located 18.6 miles south of Haifa. Population: 1,490. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Dor and kibbutz Nahsholim built on its 2,880 acres.

128. Al Tirah-Beisan located 18.6 miles NW of Beisan. Population: 150. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Gazit built on its 2,552 acres.

129. Al Ubaydiyyah located on Jordan River near Samakh, south of the lake. Population: 870. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,293 acres were stolen.

130. Al ulmaniyyah located 14.3 miles NE of Safad. Population: 260. Obliterated in 1948; all its 292 acres were stolen.

131. Al Walajah located 6 miles SW of Jerusalem. Population: 1,656. Obliterated in 1948; all its 4,402 acres were stolen.

132. Al Zanghariyyah located 3 miles east of Safad. Population: 840. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Elifeletit built on its 6,980 acres.

133. Al Zawiyyah located 12.4 miles NE of Safad. Population: 760. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Ne’ot Mordekhay built on its 989 acres.

134. Al Zeeb located 9.3 miles north of Acre. Population: 1,910. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Gersher Ha Ziw built in 1949 on its 3,152 acres.

135. Al Zouq Al Foquani located 20.5 miles north of Safad, near Lebanese border. Population 150. Obliterated in 1958, with the Jewish settlement of Mayan Baruch built on its 458 acres.

136. Al Zouq Al Tahtani located 18.6 miles north of Safad. Population: 1,050. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Bet Hillel built on its 2,908 acres.

137. Al-Na’ani located 5 miles SW of Ramlah. Population: 1,470. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Ramot Me’ir built on its 2.572 acres.

138. Al-Taynah located 24.8 miles south of Jaffa. Population: 750. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,509 acres were stolen.

139. Alma located 6 miles north of Safad. Population: 950. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Alma built on its 4,937 acres.

140. Ammouqah located 3.7 miles NE of Safad. Population: 140. Obliterated in 1948; all its 644 acres were stolen.

141. Annabah located 18.6 miles SE of Jaffa. Population: 1,420. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Kefar Shemu’el built on its 3,209 acres.

142. Aqour located 12 miles SW of Jerusalem. Population: 40. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,381 acres were stolen.

143. Arab Abou Kishk located 13 miles NE of Jaffa. Population: 1,900. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Shmon Nave Hadar built on its 4,343 acres.

144. Arab Al Aridah located 5.6 miles SE of Beisan. Population: 650. Obliterated in 1948; all its 3,130 acres were stolen.

145. Arab Al Aridah located 5.6 miles SE of Beisan. Population: 150. Obliterated in 1948, with the settlement of Sedeeliyyahu built on its 570 acres.

146. Arab Al Bawati located in the plains of Beisan, south of Lake Tiberius. Population: 520. Obliterated in 1948; all its 2,309 acres were stolen.

147. Arab Al Nufay’at located 31 miles south of Haifa. Population: 820. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Giv’at Olga built on its 313 acres.

148. Arab Al Sammakiyah located 8.7 miles NE of Tiberius. Population: 330. Obliterated in 1948; all its 2,632 acres were stolen.

149. Arab Alsawahimah located 10 miles NE of Jaffa. Population: 800. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Ramat Hayyal built on its 1,486 acres.

150. Arab Al Shmalinah located 14.9 miles SE of Safad. Population: 650. Obliterated in 1950; all its 4,173 acres, which were in the demilitarized zone, were stolen.

151. Arab Al Zubayd located 15 miles NE of Safad. Population: 275. Obliterated in 1948; all its lands of 380 acres were stolen.

152. Artouf located 21.6 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 350. Obliterated in 1948, all its 101 acres were stolen.

153. Asdoud located 25 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 4,630. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish town and port of Ashdod built on its 11,486 acres.

154. Aslouj located 18.6 miles south of Beersheba. Population: 500, semi-nomadic, surrounding lands used for barley growing. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Mash’abbe Sade and Rvivim built on its stolen lands.

155. Awjaal Hafir located 46 miles SW of Beersheba. Population: 255. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Qezi’ot built in 1953 on its stolen lands.

156. Azeeziya located 19 miles NE of Safad. Population: 390. Obliterated in 1948; all its 102 acres were stolen.

157. Baisamoun located NE of Safad near the shores of old lake Houlah. Population:50. Obliterated in 1948; all its 526 acres were stolen.

158. Balad Al Shiekh located 3 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 4,120. Obliterated in 1948, all its 2,308 acres were stolen and divided between Haifa and the Jewish settlement of Nesher.

159. Barbarah located 13 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 2,410. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Mayqiim built on its 3,361 acres.

160. Barfieliah located 4.3 miles SE of Ramiah. Population: 730. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,784 acres were stolen.

161. Barquousia located 15.5 miles NW of Hebron. Population: 330. Obliterated in 1948, all its 804 acres were stolen.

162. Bashit located 11 miles SW of Ramlah. Population: 1,620. Obliterated in 1948; Benaya,Aseret and other Jewish settlements were built on its 4,633 acres.

163. Beer Al Sab’a occupied by the Jews on October 21, 1948; all 5,570 Palestinians were evicted, their homes occupied and their town renamed Be’er Shava.

164. Beer Mou’in located 2 miles SE of Ramlah. Population: 510. Obliterated in 1948; all 2,330 acres were stolen.

165. Beer Salem located 2.5 miles west of Ramiah. Population: 410. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Nes Ziyyonabuilt on its 850 acres.

166. Beisan town located 21.7 miles south of lake Tiberius. Population in 1948 was 5,180 Palestinians and 20 Jews. On December 5, 1948 the town was occupied by Jewish forces and all Palestinians were evicted and the town partially blown up. It was rebuilt as the Jewish city of Bet She’an.

167 .Beit Affah located 18.6 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 700. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Yad Natan built on its 1,452 acres.

168. Beit Dajan located 6 miles SE of Jaffa. Population: 3,840. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Bet Dajan built on its 4,317 acres.

169. Beit Daras located 22.3 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 2,750. Obliterated in 1948, with many of its Palestinian inhabitants massacred. Jewish settlements of Givati and Orot were built on its 4,089 acres.

170. Beit Itab located 9.3 miles SW of Jerusalem. Population: 540. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Nesharim and Bar Giyyoria built on its 2,189 acres.

171. Beit Jeez located 9.3 miles SE of Ramlah. Population: 550. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Harel built on its 2,089 acres.

172. Beit Jeraja located 9.3 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 940. Obliterated in 1948; all its 2,088 acres were stolen.

173. Beit Jibreen located 12.4 miles NW of Jerusalem. Population: 26. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,107 acres were stolen.

174. Beit Jibreen located 16 miles NW of Hebron. Population: 2,340. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Bet Guvrin built on its 14,046 acres.

175. Beit Mahsir located 12.4 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 2,400. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Betme’ir built on its 4,067 acres.

176. Beit Nabala located 9.3 miles NE of Ramlah. Population: 2,310. Obliterated in 1948; all its 3,763 acres were stolen.

177. Beit Naqouba located 8 miles NW of Jerusalem. Population: 240. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Beit Duqqu built on its 506 acres.

178. Beit Nattief located 15.5 miles NW of Hebron. Population: 2,150. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Halamed, Zanoah and Avi’ezer built on its 11,147 acres.

179. Beit Nouba located 14.3 miles SE of Ramlah. Population: 1,350. Occupied and obliterated in 1948, with Jewish army camps built on its 2,850 acres.

180. Beit Shannah located 6 miles SE of Ramlah. Population: 210. Obliterated in 1948; all its 904 acres were stolen.

181. Beitsouseen located 16 miles West of Jerusalem. Population: 210. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Aor’a built on its 1,620 acres.

182. Beit Timah located 14.3 miles NE of Gaza, near Hulagat oil field. Population:1,060. Obliterated in 1948; all its 2,758 acres were stolen.

183. Beit Umm Al Mees located 6 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 70. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Ramat Razi’el built on its 253 acres.

184. Bilin located 30.4 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 180. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,875 acres were stolen.

185. Biriah located just north of Safad. Population: 240. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,370 acres were stolen.

186. Bourair located 13 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 2,749. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Helez, Zohar Beror Hayil and Telamim built on its 11,250 acres.

187. Burquah located 30 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 890. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Ganyavne built on its 1,253 acres.

188. Byar Adas located 9.3 miles NE of Jaffa. Obliterated in 1948, after most of its 300 villagers were massacred. The Jewish settlement of Gan Hayyim was built on its 1,343 acres.

189. Daliat Al Rawha’a located 15.5 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 280. Obliterated in 1948; all its 2,502 acres were stolen.

190. Dallatan located 5 miles north of Safad. Population: 360. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Dalton built on its 2,269 acres.

191. Dannah located 7.4 miles NW of Beisan. Population: 190. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,654 acres were stolen.

192. Danyal located 3.7 miles east of Ramlah. Population: 41 0. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Defar Daniyyel built on its 702 acres.

193. Dar Al Sheikh located 11 miles SW of Jerusalem. Population: 220. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Nes Harim built on its 1,695 acres.

194. Darad Al Ghannamah located 5.6 miles NE of Safad. Population: 360. Obliterated in 1951, with the Jewish settlement of Ayyelet Ha Shahar built on its 950 acres.

195. Dayshoum located 8.7 miles north of Safad. Population: 590. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Dishon built on its 5,761 acres.

196. Deiraban located 12.4 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 2,100. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Mahseya built in 1950 on its 5,687 acres.

197. Deir Abou Salamah located 3 miles east of Lod. Population: 60.Obliterated in 1948; all its 299 acres were stolen.

198. Deir Al Dubban located 15.5 miles NW of Hebron. Population: 730. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Luzit built in 1955 on its 1,946 acres.

199. Deir Al Hawa located 7.4 miles SW of Jerusalem. Population: 60. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Nes Harim built in 1950 on its 1,477 acres.

200. Deir Al Oassi located 16.7 miles NE of Acre. Population: 2,300. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Elqosh built on its 8,411 acres.

201. Deir Arm located 11 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 50. Also had an agricultural school for Palestinian orphans. Obliterated in 1948; all its 768 acres were stolen.

202. Deir Ayhoub located 6 miles SE of Ramlah. Population: 320. Population was removed in 1949, with the village obliterated and the Jewish settlement of Shaar Hagay built on its 1,507 acres.

203. Deir Muhaysen located 8 miles SE of Ramlah. Population: 460. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Beqoa built on its 2,502 acres.

204. Deir Nakhaas located 24.8 miles NW of Hebron. Population: 600. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Nahosha built in 1955 on its 3,619 acres.

205. Deir Sunayd located 7.4 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 730. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Yad Modekhay and Erez built on its 1,430 acres.

206. Deir Tarif located 6 miles NE of Ramlah. Population: 1,750. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Bet A’rif and Kefar Truman built on its 2,189 acres.

207. Deir Yassin located 2.5 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 600, over 250 of whom, mainly old men, women and children were massacred in cold blood on April 9-10, 1948 by Zionist terrorists of the Irgun and the Stern Gang. The Palestinian village was obliterated and the Jewish settlement of Gibat Shaul was built on its 714 acres.

208. Dirmah located 5 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 520. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Erez built on its 2,123 acres.

209. East Batani located 33.5 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 650. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Orot built on its 1,441 acres.

210. Ein Al Zytoun located 2.5 miles north of Safad. Population: 820. Obliterated on May 6,1948, with many of its Palestinian inhabitants massacred. The Jewish settlement of En Zetim was built on its 275 acres.

211. Ein Ghazal located 15.5 miles south of Haifa. Population: 3,500. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of En Ayyala built on its 4,500 acres.

216. Ein Hasab located 22.3 miles south of Dead Sea. Population: 145. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of En Hazeva built on its stolen lands.

217. Ein Hawd located 10.5 miles south of Haifa. Population: 650. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of En Hod and Nir Ezyon built on its 3,151 acres.

218. Ein Kaarem located 5 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 3,900. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish hospital complex Zur Hadassa built on its 3,757 acres.

219. Endor located 13.6 miles SE of Nazareth. Population: 620. Obliterated on December 31, 1949, with the Jewish settlement of Endor built on its 3,111 acres.

220. Eshoa located 16.7 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 620. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Hartouf and Eshta’ol built on its 1,381 acres.

221. Fajjah located 9.3 miles NE of Jaffa. Population: 1,200. Obliterated in 1948, with eastern Jewish suburb of Pitah Tikwa built on its stolen land.

222. Farah located 8 miles NW of Safad. Population: 320. Obliterated in 1948; all its 182 acres were stolen.

223. Fardeesya located 25 miles NE of Jaffa. Population: 20. Obliterated in 1948; all its 273 acres were stolen.

224. Farradiyyah located 6 miles SW of Safad. Population: 670 of whom 100 Palestinians were massacred when the Jews occupied it in 1948. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Parod built on its 4,687 acres.

225. Farwanah located 6 miles south of Beisan. Population: 330. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Rewaya, Sede Terumot and Rehov built on its 1,249 acres.

226. Fer’em located 4.3 miles NE of Safad. Population: 740. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Hazor Ha Gelitit built on its 522 acres.

227. Futays located 10.5 miles NW of Beersheba. Population: 150. Obliterated in 1948 with the Jewish settlement of Pattish built on its 253 acres.

228. Ghabat Al Ababishah located 9.3 miles NE of Jaffa. Population:150. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Kefar Shemaryahu and Rishpon built on its 611 acres.

229. Ghabat Kufr Sour located 10.5 miles SW of Tulkarem. Population: 740. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Bet Yeshoshua, Tel Yizhao and Kefar Netter built on its 4,917 acres.

230. Ghabbayiyah located 10.5 miles NW of Safad. Population: 60. Obliterated in 1948; all its 733 acres were stolen.

231. Ghurabah located 16 miles NE of Safad. Population: 200. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish kibbutz Gonen built on its 738 acres.

232. Hadathah located 3 miles NW of Lake Tiberius. Population: 520. Obliterated in 1948; all its 2,585 acres were stolen.

233. Haifa located on the Mediterranean Sea. Population: 70,000 Palestinians, most of whom were evicted from their homes in 1948 after threats to kill them. All their houses and lands were subsequently stolen by Jews who settled in them.

234. Hamamah located 19 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 5,010. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Nizzanim and Bet Ezra built on its 10,342 acres.

235. Hatta located 18.6 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 970. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Rewaha built on its 1,326 acres.

236. Hirbia located 6 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 2,240. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Karmiyya, Yad Mordekhsy, and Zi built on its 5,578 acres.

237. Hittin located 6.5 miles west of Tiberius. Population: 1,190. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Kefarzetim built on its 5,691 acres.

238. Hoj located 11 miles east of Gaza. Population: 81 0. Obliterated in 1948 with the Jewish settlements of Dorot and Gevim built on its 5,497 acres.

239. Hoshah located 8.7 miles east of Haifa. Population: 400. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,250 acres were stolen.

240. Houlayqat located 15.5 miles NE of Gaza, near oil field. Population:420. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Helez built on its 1,766 acres.

241. Houneen located 26 miles north of Safad. Population: 1,620. Obliterated in 1948; all its 3,434 acres were stolen.

242. Ibdes located 26.7 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 540. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,148 acres were stolen.

243. Idhnibbah located 31 miles south of Jaffa. Population: 490. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Haruvit built on its 1,778 acres.

244. Ijleel North & South located 8.7 miles NE of Jaffa. Population: 470. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Gelilot built on its 4,413 acres. It is now incorporated as a suburb of Herzliyya.

245. Ijzem located 17.4 miles south of Haifa. Population: 2,970. Obliterated in 1948 with the Jewish settlement of Kerem Maharal built on its 11,726 acres of stolen land.

246. Ikret located NE of Acre near the Lebanese border. Population of 500 Palestinians, all Maronite Christians, who were forced to evacuate their village in 1948. All the village buildings were blown up on Christmas day, 1952, and all its 6,181 acres were stolen.

247. Imwas located 17.4 miles SW of Jerusalem. Population: 1,450. Obliterated in 1967. All its 1,288 acres were stolen and its people driven away.

248. Iraq Al Manshiyyah located 30.4 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 2,800. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Gat, Qiryat Gat, Sede Moshhe and Shahar built on its 3,300 acres.

249. Iraq Souweydan located 21.7 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 660. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Nogan, Sede Yo’av and Ozem built on its 1,885 acres.

250. Isleen located 17.4 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 260. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Eshta’ol built on its 540 acres.

251. Jaba’a located 13 miles south of Haifa. Population: 1,140. The village was bombarded from air on July 7, 1948, and later completely obliterated, with the Jewish settlements of Geva Karmel and Zeruea built on its 1,753 acres.

252. Jabboul located 6 miles north of Beisan. Population: 250. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Bet yosef built on its 3,782 acres.

253. Jahoula located 8.7 miles NE of Safad. Population: 357. Obliterated in 1948; all its 967 acres were stolen.

254. Jamzou located 2.5 miles east of Lyddah (Lid). Population: 1,510. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Gimzo built on its 2,420 acres.

255. Jarash located 17.4 miles SW of Jerusalem. Population: 190. Obliterated in 1948; all its 880 acres were stolen.

256. Jelyah located 3 miles south of Ramlah. Population: 330. Obliterated in 1948; all its 2,587 acres were stolen.

257. Jia’arah located 23 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 70 Palestinians who were forced to leave in 1945. The village was obliterated and its stolen lands were added to the Jewish kibbutz En Hashofet.

258. Jiddeen located 12.5 miles NE of Acre. Population: 1,500. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,897 acres were stolen.

259. Jisr Al Majame located 9.3 miles NE of Beisan. Population: 250. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Gesher built on its 125 acres.

260. Joles located 18 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 1,030. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Hodiyya built on its 3,396 acres.

261. Jub youssef located 2.5 miles SE of Safad. Population: 170. Obliterated in 1948; all its 2,831 acres were stolen. In its place today are the pumping installations of the Jordan-Negev pipeline.

262. Jurayshah located 3 miles NE of Jaffa. Population: 195. Obliterated in 1948; all its 139 acres were incorporated into the Jewish city of Telaviv.

263. Kafar Aanah located 6.8 miles east of Jaffa. Population: 2,800. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Qiryat Ono and Yehuda built on its 4,338 acres.

264. Kafarh located 4.3 miles north of Beisan. Population: 430. Obliterated in 1948; all its lands of 2,293 acres were stolen.

265. Karaarah located 20.5 miles south of Haifa. Population: 120. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,088 acres were stolen.

266. Karad Al Baqqarah located 6 miles NE of Safad, in the demilitarized zone with Syria. Population: 350. Obliterated in 1951; all its 535 acres were stolen.

267. Karatia located 16.7 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 1,370. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Azem, Nehora and Oomemiyyut built on its 3,427 acres.

268. Kasla located 10 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 280. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Kesalon built on its 2,001 acres.

269. Kawkaba located 18.6 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 680. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Kokhav Mikhael Sobell built on its 2,136 acres.

270. Kawkabal Hawa located 9.3 miles north of Beisan. Population: 300. Obliterated in 1948; all its 2,487 acres were stolen.

271. Kefar Biri’m located 10.5 miles NW of Safad. Population: 1,000, all Catholic (Maronite) Christians. Obliterated in 1953, with the Jewish kibbutz Bar’am built on its 3,063 acres.

272. Kfar Inan located 9.3 miles SW of Safad. Population: 360 Palestinians, half of whom were pushed into the Mst Bank on February 4,1949. The rest remained near the village and petitioned the Israeli Government to return to their village. In answer to their petition, the Israeli army blew up all the houses and obliterated the village.

273. Kfar Lam located 16 miles south of Haifa. Population: 240. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Habonim built on its 1,710 acres.

274. Kfar Sabt located 13 miles SW of Tiberius. Population: 480. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,185 acres were stolen.

275. Kharroubah located 1.2 miles NE of Safad. Population: 170. Obliterated in 1948; all its 844 acres were stolen.

276. Khirbat Abdu Zenah located on Jordan River where it joins Lake Tiberius, SE of Safad. Population: 650. Obliterated in 1948; all its 4,173 acres were stolen.

277. Khirbat Al Bouwayrah located 6 miles SE of Ramlah. Population: 190. Obliterated in 1948; all its 288 acres were stolen.

278. Khirbat Al Damoun located 8 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 340. Obliterated in 1948, all its 699 acres were stolen.

279. Khirbat Al Harrawi located 12.4 miles north of Safad. Population:174. Obliterated in 1948, with its 932 acres added to the Jewish settlement of Ramot Naftali.

280. Khirbat Al Loz located 8.68 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 450. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,126 acres were stolen.

281. Khirbat Al Omour located 10 miles west of Jerusalem. Population:270. Obliterated in 1948; all its 969 acres were stolen.

282. Khirbat Al Quizazah located 1.2 miles east of Hadera. Population:1,000. Obliterated in 1948, with its 3,709 acres incorporated into the Jewish settlement of Hadera.

283. Khirbatal Wa’arah Al Soudah located 3 miles NW of Tiberius. Population: 1,870. Obliterated in 1948, all its 1,759 acres were stolen.

284. Khirbat Beit Far located 9.3 miles SE of Ramlah. Population: 300. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Zelafon built on its 1,401 acres.

285. Khirbat Khuraysh located 15.5 miles NE of Jaffa. Population: 70.Obliterated in 1949, with the Jewish settlement of Yarhiv built on its 914 acres.

286. Khirbat Lidd located 21.7 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 640. Obliterated in 1948; all its 893 acres were stolen.

287. Khirbat Sheikha Mohmed located 24.8 miles NE of Jaffa. Population:150. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements Hogla, Elyashiv, Kefar Vitkin and Haroe built around its 164 acres.

288. Khirbat Umm Al Bourj located 12.5 miles NW of Hebron. Population:250. Obliterated in 1967; all its 3,271 acres were stolen.

289. Khirbat Zakariya located 15.5 miles SE of Jaffa. Population: 200. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,135 acres were stolen.

290. Khiyam Al Waleed located 15.5 miles NE of Safad. Population: 280. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Lahovot Habashan built on its 1,079 acres.

291. Khuldah located 24 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 290. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish kibbutz Even Yizhao built on its 589 acres.

292. Khuldah located 9.3 miles south of Ramlah. Population: 280. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Tel Shahr built on its 2,365 acres.

293. Ki Dna located 18.6 miles NW of Hebron. Population: 450. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Gal’on built on its 3,931 acres.

294. Kifar Saba located 15.5 miles NE of Jaffa. Population: 1,270. Obliterated in 1948; all its 2,422 acres were stolen.

295. Kouwaykat located 9.3 miles NE of Acre. Population: 1,050. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Nahal Bet Ha Emeq built on its 1,181 acres.

296. Kurnob located 25 miles south of Beersheba. Population: 155. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Dimona built on its stolen lands.

297. Lazzazah located in extreme north of Palestine on Hesbani River. Population: 230. Obliterated in 1948; all its 161 acres were stolen.

298. Lifta located 0.6 miles NW of Jerusalem. Population: 2,550. Obliterated in 1948, with its 1,997 acres now a suburb of West Jerusalem.

299. Loni located 3 miles NW of Jerusalem. Population: 900. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,013 acres were stolen.

300. Louba located 5.6 miles west of Tiberius. Population: 2,350. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Lavi built on its 9,907 acres.

301. Ma’aloul located 13.6 miles SW of Tiberius. Population: 480. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,582 acres were stolen.

302. Ma’aloul located 7 miles west of Nazareth. Population: 690. Obliterated in 1948, with its 523 acres added to the Jewish settlement of Nahalal.

303. Majdal Al Sadeq located 8 miles NE of Jaffa. Population: 2,500. Obliterated in 1948; its 6,658 acres became a suburb of the Jewish settlement of Petah Tikwa.

304. Majidal Asqalan located 15.5 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 13,000 Palestinians who were all evicted from their homes which were given to Jewish immigrants in 1948. The town was renamed Ashqelon.

305. Mansourat Al Khsyt located 6 miles east of Safad. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish kibbutz Kefar Ha Nasi built on its 1,684 acres.

306. Marous located 5.6 miles NE of Safad. Obliterated in 1948 after its population of 80 Palestinians were evicted from their homes, and their lands stolen.

307. Maseel Al Jizi located 5 miles SE of Beisan. Population: 100. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,468 acres were stolen.

308. Mayroun located 6 miles SW of Safad. Population: 290. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Meron built on its 238 acres.

309. Me’ar located 6 miles SE of Acre. Population: 770. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,468 acres were stolen.

310. Miskha located 9.3 miles SW of Tulkarem. Population: 880. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Ramat Ha Kosvesh built on its 2,019 acres.

311. Mughalles located 18.6 miles NW of Hebron. Population: 540. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Gefen built on its 2,864 acres.

312. Mughr Al Khyat located 9.3 miles NE of Safad. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,561 acres were stolen.

313. Na’alia located 12.4 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 1,310. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,308 acres were stolen.

314. Najd located 10.5 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 620. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Dorot built on its 3,394 acres.

315. Naser Al Deen located 4.3 miles SW of Tiberius. Population: 110. On the night of 13 April 1948, the Irgun sent its terrorists dressed as Palestinians, who were welcomed into the village. As soon as they were in, they opened fire and massacred 70 innocent men, women and children; the rest escaped. The village was then obliterated and its 1,347 acres stolen.

316. Natafi located 8 miles NW of Jerusalem. Population:40.Obliterated in 1948; all its 373 acres were stolen.

317. Nimreen located 11.8 miles west of Tiberius. Population: 320. Obliterated in 1948, all its 2,199 acres were stolen.

318. Nores located 12.4 miles NE of Jenin. Population: 570. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,564 acres were stolen.

319. Olam located 16 miles SW of Tiberius. Population: 720. Obliterated in 1948; all its 2,750 acres were stolen.

320. Qabb’ah located 7.4 miles NE of Safad. Population: 460. Obliterated in 1948; all its 3,454 acres were stolen.

321. Qaddita located 21 miles north of Safad. Population: 390. Obliterated in 1948; all its 2,535 acres were stolen.

322. Qaddita located 4.3 miles NW of Safad. Population: 240. Obliterated in 1948; all its 610 acres were stolen.

323. Qanneer located 25 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 750. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Regavim built on its 2,820 acres.

324. Qaqoun located 4.3 miles NW of Tulkarem. Population: 1,970. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Gan Yoshiyyah and Ha’ogen built on its 10,442 acres.

325. Qatarah located 9.3 miles SW of Ramlah. Population: 1,210. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Gedera built on its 1,325 acres.

326. Qatiyyah located 18 miles NE of Safad. Population: 940. Obliterated in 1948; its 1,298 acres were stolen and added to the Jewish settlement of Bet Hillel.

327. Qazazah located 11 miles south of Ramlah. Population: 940. Obliterated in 1947 after many of its Palestinian inhabitants were massacred, and all of its 4,707 acres stolen.

328. Qeerah Wa Qamoun located 14.6 miles SW of Haifa. Population: 250. Obliterated in 1948; all of its lands were stolen.

329. Qisariyah located 26 miles SSW of Haifa, on the sea shore. Population: 960. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Or’aqiva built on its 7,697 acres.

330. Qoulah located 18.6 miles east of Jaffa. Population: 1,010. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,026 acres were stolen.

331. Qoumiah located 6 miles NW of Beisan. Population: 440. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of En Hardo and Tel Yosef built on its 1,225 acres.

332. R’ana located 14.3 miles NW of Hebron. Population: 190. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,731 acres were stolen.

333. Rantiyyah located 9.3 miles east of Jaffa. Population: 590. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Rinnatya built on its 1,097 acres.

334. Ras Abou Ammar located 11.8 miles SW of Jerusalem. Population: 620. Obliterated in 1948; all it 2,086 acres were stolen.

335. Sa’as’a located 9.3 miles NW of Safad. Population: 1,130. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Sasa built on its 3,699 acres.

336. Sabalan located 14.9 miles NW of Safad. Population: 70. Obliterated in 1948; all its 448 acres were stolen.

337. Sabbareen located 21.7 miles south of Haifa. Population: 1,700. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Ammiqam built on its 5,375 acres.

338. Saffouriyah located 4.3 miles north of Nazareth. Population: 4,330. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Zippori built on its 13,845 acres.

339. Salahah located 10.5 miles NW of Safad, near Lebanese border. Population: 1,070. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Yir’on built on its 2,934 acres.

340. Salamah located 3 miles east of Jaffa. Population: 6,670. Obliterated in 1948; its 1,696 acres became a suburb of Tel Aviv known as Kefar Shaem.

341. Salbeet located 6 miles SE of Ramlah. Population: 510. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Sha’alvim built in 1951 on its 1,528 acres.

342. Samakh located at southern tip of Lake Tiberius. Population: 3,460. Obliterated in 1948, with a Jewish holiday village built on its 4,653 acres.

343. Saqiyah located 12.4 miles SE of Jaffa. Population: 1,100. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Tirat Yehuda built on its 1,355 acres.

344. Sara’ah located 19 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 340. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Zor’a and Tarum built on its 1,240 acres.

345. Sarafand Al Amaar located 2.5 miles west of Lod. Population: 1,950. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Nirzevi built on its 3,317 acres.

346. Sarafand Al Kharab located 3.7 miles west of Ramlah. Population: 840. Obliterated in 1948; its 1,326 acres were divided among the Jewish settlements of Be’er Yaaqyv, Bet Hanan, and Rishon Le Ziyyon.

347. Saris located 9.3 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 560. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Shoresh built on its 2,675 acres.

348. Saronah located 3 miles NE of Jaffa. Population: 800. Obliterated in 1948, with its 238 acres incorporated into the Jewish city of Tel Aviv.

349. Sataf located 7.4 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 450. Obliterated in 1948; all its 944 acres were stolen.

350. Saydoun located 3 miles SE of Ramlah. Population: 210. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,026 acres were stolen.

351. Shahmah located 11 miles SW of Ramiah. Population: 280. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Qidron built on its 1,613 acres.

352. Sheikh Daoud located 9.3 miles NE of Acre. Population: 300. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,165 acres were stolen.

353. Shielta located 9.3 miles east of Ramlah. Population: 100. Obliterated i n 1948, with the settlement of Shilat established on its stolen lands of 1,345 acres.

354. Shokah Al Tahita located 21.7 miles NE of Safad, near Dan. Population:200. Obliterated in 1948; all its 533 acres were stolen.

355. Simsem located 11.8 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 1,290. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Gevar’am built on its 3,449 acres.

356. Sireen located 7.4 miles north of Beisan. Population: 810. Obliterated in 1948; all its 7,114 acres were stolen.

357. Souba located 6 miles west of Jerusalem. Population: 620. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Aova built on its 1,026 acres.

358. Sufla located 14.9 miles WSW of Jerusalem. Population: 60. Obliterated in 1948; all its 515 acres were stolen.

359. Suhmata located 10.5 miles NE of Acre. Population: 1,130. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Hosen built in 1949 on its 4,230 acres.

360. Sumayriyyah located 2.5 miles north of Acre. Population: 760. Obliterated in 1948; all its 2,129 acres were stolen.

361. Summail located 30.4 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 950. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Qedma and Nahala built on its 4,826 acres.

362. Tabariah. The city of Tiberius. In 1948 it had a population of 5,744 Palestinians and 5,566 Jews. All Palestinians were expelled from their homes, which were then occupied by Jewish immigrants, and all the stolen lands of the Palestinians were made into the Jewish city of Teverya.

363. Tabou’n located 11 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 239. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Oiryat Tiv’on built on its 18 acres.

364. Tarbikha located 2 miles north of Acre. Population , 900. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Shamerat built on its 3,657 acres.

365. Taytaba located 6 miles north of Safad. Population: 530. Obliterated in 1948, all its 2,113 acres were stolen.

366. Tel Al Safi located 21.7 miles SW of Jerusalem. Population: 1,290. Obliterated in 1948; all its 6,625 acres were stolen.

367. Tel Al Shoak located 2 miles west of Beisan. Population: 120. Obliterated in 1948; all its 255 acres were stolen.

368. Tel Al Turmus located 21.7 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 760. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Timmorim built on its 2,877 acres.

369. Tirat Al Louz located 6 miles south of Haifa. Population: 5,270. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Tirat Karmel built on its 10,763 acres.

370. Tirat Dandan located 11.8 miles ENE of Jaffa. Population: 1,290. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Tirat Yehuda built on its 1,739 acres.

371. Tubsur located 12.4 miles SW of Tulkarem. Population: 125. Obliterated in 1948; its 825 acres were stolen and added to the Jewish settlement of Raananna.

372. Tulayl located 10.5 miles NE of Safad. Population: 170. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Yesud and Ha-Ma’ala built on its 1,005 acres.

373. Um Kalkhah located 2 miles north of Acre. Population: 800. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Ben Ammi built on its 203 acres.

374. Umm Ajrah located 15.5 miles south of Beisan. Population: 260. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,328 acres were stolen.

375. Um Al Amad located 11 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 265. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Allone’abba built on its 2,281 acres.

376. Umm Al Shouf located 23 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 480. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,857 acres were stolen.

377. Umm Al Zaynat located 16.7 miles SE of Haifa. Population: 1,470. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Elyaqim built on its 5,514 acres.

378. Umm Kalkhah located 8 miles south of Ramlah. Population: 60. Obliterated in 1948; all its 326 acres were stolen.

379. Umm Khaled located 8.7 miles West of Tulkarem on the Mediterranean Sea. Population: 970. The village’s 724 acres were stolen and incorporated into the Jewish city of Netannya after the village was blown up in 1948.

380. Wadi Aarahi located 33.5 miles south of Haifa. Population: 230. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish kibbutz Barqay built on its 2,194 acres.

381. Wadi Hunayn located 4.4 miles west of Ramlah. Population: 630. Obliterated in 1948; all its 573 acres were stolen and its mosque made into museum.

382. West Batani located 32 miles NE of Gaza. Population: 980. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Azriqam built on its 1,143 acres.

383. Yaffa. The city of Jaffa in 1948 had a population of 71,000 Palestinians. By November l948, all but 3,651 were force fully evicted from their homes. The city was then taken over by Jewish immigrants, and renamed Yafo.

384. Yalou located 15.5 miles NW of Jerusalem. Population: 1,644. Obliterated in 1967 together with the Palestinian villages of Imwas’ and Beit Nouba; all 3,748 acres were stolen.

385. Yaqouq located 6.8 miles south of Safad. Population: 210. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Huqoq built on its 1,063 acres.

386. Yarda located 4.4 miles NE of Safad. Population: 100.Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Hazor built on its 342 acres.

387. Yasour located 18.6 miles south of Jaffa. Population: 1,070. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Hazor Ashdod built on its 3,355 acres.

388. Yasour located 6 miles SE of Jaffa. Population: 4,030. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Azor built on its 2,952 acres.

389. Yibnah located 15 miles south of Jaffa. Population: 5,420. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Yavne built in 1949 on its 14,889 acres.

390. Youbla located 7.4 miles NW of Beisan. Population: 210. Obliterated in 1948; all its 1,289 acres were stolen.

391. Zakariya located 16.7 miles NW of Hebron. Population: 1,180. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Zekharya and Sedot Mikha built in 1950 on its 3,830 acres.

392. Zalafah located 5 miles NW of Tulkarem. Population: 210. Obliterated in 1948; all its lands of 1,928 acres were stolen.

393. Zarnouqah located 7.4 miles SW of Ramlah. Population: 2,380. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Giv’at Brenner and Zarnuqa built on its 1,386 acres.

394. Zayta located 18.6 miles NW of Hebron. Population: 330. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Gal’on built on its 2,623 acres.

395. Zikreen located 15.5 miles NW of Hebron. Population: 960. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Kesalon built on its 4,299 acres.

396. Ziri’in located 8 miles north of Jenin. Population: 1,420. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Yizre’el built in 1949 on its 5,550 acres of stolen land.

(www.webgaza.net / 15.05.2012)

Qatari health minister meets Jordanian envoy

Doha, May 15 (Petra) — Jordanian Ambassador to Qatar Zahi Smadi on Tuesday discussed with Qatar Health Minister and Secretary General of the Supreme Health Council Abdullah bin Khalid Al Qahtani means to bolster ties between the two countries in health domains.

Smadi told Petra that the meeting touched on activating the health cooperation protocol, which was signed by Jordan and Qatar in 2004.

Smadi added that he reiterated Jordan’s keenness to provide Qatari health sector with Jordanian expertise.

(petra.gov.jo / 15.05.2012)