Militants have expanded their operations in southern Yemen during months of turmoil which paralyzed the country and eventually unseated former President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who was replaced in a February vote by Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi.
Local residents in Jaar, a southern town seized by militants in March last year, said Yemen’s air force had killed 20 al-Qaida-linked fighters at a military base they had snatched from the government last week.
However, a spokesman for Ansar al-Sharia (Partisans of Islamic Law) denied its fighters were killed in the raid, which also destroyed weapons and military equipment.
“There was nobody killed in the air strike,” he told Reuters by phone.
In a separate incident, a government source said the number of militants killed in an air strike launched late on Friday in Bayda, about 267 km (166 miles) southeast of the capital Sanaa, had risen to 25. A local al-Qaida leader, Hadaar al-Homaiqani, was among the Islamist fighters killed, he said.
Tribal sources said the Bayda attacks were carried out by US drone airplanes, but this was not possible to independently confirm. The United States, working with the Yemeni authorities, has repeatedly used its drones to attack militants.
“The bodies were recovered on Saturday morning after the cessation of the attacks carried out by US drone airplanes, and the search for the remaining victims is still under way,” one of the sources told Reuters on Saturday morning.
Residents earlier said fighter planes had raided the western outskirts of Bayda town where the Ansar al-Sharia militants, who have been fighting Yemen’s security forces since mid-2011, had been based.
“Flames and smoke could be seen rising from the area,” one resident told Reuters by telephone.
Ansar al-Sharia is inspired by al-Qaida but the precise nature of its ties to the global network are unclear, although the Yemeni government says they are one and the same.
The United States and Saudi Arabia, Yemen’s neighbor and the world’s No. 1 oil exporter, have been deeply worried about the expansion of al-Qaida in Yemen, where the group controls swathes of land near oil shipping routes through the Red Sea.
In late January, at least 12 al-Qaida militants, including four local leaders, were killed in a drone strike in southern Yemen, which a tribal chief said was a US attack.
CIA Director David Petraeus last year described militants from al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula as “the most dangerous regional node in the global jihad.”
A local security official said two al-Qaida militants were killed late on Friday as they tried to set off a bomb at a security checkpoint at an entry point to the town of Mudiyah in the southern province of Abyan.
The violence in the south highlights one of the many challenges Hadi faces as he tries to stabilize Yemen after a year of political upheaval that ousted Saleh after three decades in power. On Monday, he vowed to pursue militants linked to al-Qaida to their last hiding place.
Westerwelle in Sanaa
Germany’s Foreign Affairs Minister Guido Westerwelle arrived in Sanaa on Saturday for a brief visit to meet the president and discuss bilateral relations, and the country’s economic and political future, Yemen’s state news agency Saba reported.
“Germany is a historic friend for Yemen and will not let Yemen face the same fate as Somalia or Afghanistan, and we will work with the international community in all its forms for the safety, security and stability of Yemen,” Westerwelle was quoted as saying on Saba’s website.
The United Nations refugee agency UNHCR warned on Friday Yemen is facing a new wave of internal displacement as tens of thousands of civilians flee tribal clashes in the north and fighting between the government and militants in the south.
It said in the past two weeks alone, 1,800 people have been displaced by the latest escalation in fighting between government troops and militants in the Abyan governorate.
UNHCR said it wants $60 million in 2012 for some 216,000 refugees and almost half a million displaced people in Yemen.